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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
change



I - noun
1. an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another (Freq. 46)
- the change was intended to increase sales
- this storm is certainly a change for the worse
- the neighborhood had undergone few modifications since his last visit years ago
Syn:
alteration, modification
Derivationally related forms:
modify (for: modification), alter (for: alteration)
Hypernyms:
happening, occurrence, occurrent, natural event
Hyponyms:
acceleration, deceleration, slowing, retardation, avulsion,
break, mutation, sublimation, surprise, birth, nativity,
nascency, nascence, separation, breakup, detachment, vagary,
variation, fluctuation, conversion, death, decease, expiry,
decrease, lessening, drop-off, destabilization, increase, easing,
moderation, relief, deformation, transition, transformation, transmutation,
shift, twinkle, scintillation, sparkling, shimmer, play,
damage, harm, impairment, development, revolution, genetic mutation,
chromosomal mutation, sex change, loss of consciousness
2. a relational difference between states;
especially between states before and after some event (Freq. 45)
- he attributed the change to their marriage
Hypernyms:
relation
Hyponyms:
difference, gradient
3. the action of changing something (Freq. 17)
- the change of government had no impact on the economy
- his change on abortion cost him the election
Hypernyms:
action
Hyponyms:
entail, about-face, volte-face, reversal, policy change,
adulteration, move, relocation, downshift, filtration, reduction,
simplification, decimalization, decimalisation, metrification, metrication, variation,
turning, diversification, variegation, flux, switch, switching,
shift, substitution, exchange, commutation, promotion, demotion,
change of state, alteration, modification, adjustment, motion, movement,
motility, change of direction, reorientation, change of magnitude, change of integrity, conversion,
updating, change of shape, satisfaction, nationalization, nationalisation, communization,
communisation, secularization, secularisation, rollover
4. the result of alteration or modification (Freq. 13)
- there were marked changes in the lining of the lungs
- there had been no change in the mountains
Hypernyms:
consequence, effect, outcome, result, event,
issue, upshot
Hyponyms:
depolarization, depolarisation
5. the balance of money received when the amount you tender is greater than the amount due (Freq. 2)
- I paid with a twenty and pocketed the change
Hypernyms:
cash, hard cash, hard currency
6. a thing that is different (Freq. 1)
- he inspected several changes before selecting one
Hypernyms:
thing
7. a different or fresh set of clothes (Freq. 1)
- she brought a change in her overnight bag
Hypernyms:
clothing, article of clothing, vesture, wear, wearable, habiliment
8. coins of small denomination regarded collectively
- he had a pocketful of change
Hypernyms:
coin
9. money received in return for its equivalent in a larger denomination or a different currency
- he got change for a twenty and used it to pay the taxi driver
Hypernyms:
cash, hard cash, hard currency
10. a difference that is usually pleasant
- he goes to France for variety
- it is a refreshing change to meet a woman mechanic
Syn:
variety
Hypernyms:
difference

II - verb
1. cause to change;
make different;
cause a transformation (Freq. 57)
- The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city
- The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue
Syn:
alter, modify
Derivationally related forms:
modifiable (for: modify), modification (for: modify), alterable (for: alter), alteration (for: alter), changer
Hyponyms:
awaken, wake, waken, rouse, wake up,
arouse, cause to sleep, affect, refresh, freshen, refreshen,
inseminate, fecundate, fertilize, fertilise, indispose, cry,
etiolate, shade, brutalize, brutalise, animalize, animalise,
convert, opalize, opalise, arterialize, arterialise, make,
get, counterchange, transpose, interchange, vascularize, vascularise,
decrepitate, suburbanize, suburbanise, revolutionize, revolutionise, overturn,
barbarize, barbarise, alkalinize, alkalinise, mythologize, mythologise,
mythicize, mythicise, allegorize, allegorise, demythologize, demythologise,
bring, land, coarsen, impact, bear upon, bear on,
touch on, touch, alchemize, alchemise, alcoholize, alcoholise,
shape, form, round off, round down, round out, round,
suspend, sober, reconstruct, increase, ease up, ease off,
let up, assimilate, dissimilate, commute, exchange, vitalize,
vitalise, unclutter, clear, activate, aerate, inactivate,
deactivate, deaden, blunt, remodel, redo, edit,
redact, cut, edit out, tame, chasten, subdue,
moderate, temper, better, improve, amend, ameliorate,
meliorate, worsen, aggravate, exacerbate, exasperate, wet,
dry, dry out, lubricate, strengthen, beef up, fortify,
spike, lace, weaken, oxidize, oxidise, oxidate,
unite, unify, merge, age, ripen, mature,
antique, antiquate, develop, make grow, soften, damage,
ossify, acerbate, stabilize, stabilise, destabilize, destabilise,
sensitize, sensitise, sensify, sensibilize, sensibilise, desensitize,
desensitise, habituate, accustom, disorder, disarray, discolor,
color, colorize, colorise, colourise, colourize, colour,
color in, colour in, stain, hue, uglify, untune,
adjust, set, correct, disqualify, unfit, domesticate,
domesticize, domesticise, reclaim, widen, dehydrogenate, hydrogenate,
oxygenize, oxygenise, darken, brighten, lighten up, lighten,
blur, blear, obscure, bedim, overcloud, blot out,
obliterate, veil, hide, cook, slenderize, slenderise,
crack, dissolve, dismiss, end, terminate, demist,
defog, condense, concentrate, contract, cool, chill,
cool down, heat, heat up, warm, boil, freeze,
blister, switch, change over, shift, transform, transmute,
transubstantiate, ash, translate, reform, regenerate, rectify,
Islamize, Islamise, turn back, invert, reverse, customize,
customise, personalize, personalise, individualize, individualise, depersonalize,
depersonalise, objectify, sharpen, flatten, drop, disintegrate,
magnetize, magnetise, demagnetize, demagnetise, degauss, simplify,
complicate, refine, rarify, elaborate, perplex, supercharge,
pressurize, pressurise, centralize, centralise, decentralize, deconcentrate,
decentralise, socialize, socialise, fix, prepare, set up,
ready, gear up, internationalize, internationalise, communize, communise,
bolshevize, bolshevise, Europeanize, Europeanise, bestialize, bestialise,
Americanize, Americanise, Frenchify, civilize, civilise, nationalize,
nationalise, denationalize, denationalise, naturalize, naturalise, denaturalize,
denaturalise, even, even out, equal, match, equalize,
equalise, equate, stiffen, loosen, loose, tighten,
fasten, transitivize, transitivise, detransitivize, detransitivise, intransitivize,
intransitivise, thicken, inspissate, full, diversify, decelerate,
slow down, accelerate, speed, speed up, check, retard,
delay, decrease, lessen, minify, liquefy, liquify,
liquidize, liquidise, solvate, validate, invalidate, void,
vitiate, empty, fill, fill up, make full, saturate,
clot, coagulate, louden, normalize, normalise, renormalize,
renormalise, morph, neutralize, neutralise, commercialize, commercialise,
market, purify, purge, sanctify, mechanize, mechanise,
automatize, automatise, automate, harmonize, harmonise, chord,
polarize, polarise, glorify, contaminate, devalue, insulate,
calcify, urbanize, urbanise, emulsify, demulsify, decarboxylate,
nazify, clarify, embrittle, mark, nick, disable,
disenable, incapacitate, enable, de-emphasize, de-emphasise, destress,
tender, tenderize, tenderise, charge, bubble, sweeten,
iodinate, ionate, archaize, archaise, inform, officialize,
officialise, occidentalize, occidentalise, westernize, westernise, orientalize,
orientalise, acetylate, acetylize, acetylise, achromatize, achromatise,
parallel, collimate, camp, classicize, classicise, conventionalize,
conventionalise, decimalize, decimalise, dizzy, poison, envenom,
exteriorize, exteriorise, externalize, externalise, glamorize, glamourise,
glamourize, glamorise, introvert, laicize, laicise, politicize,
politicise, radicalize, proof, romanticize, romanticise, rusticate,
sauce, shallow, shoal, tense, steepen, scramble,
unscramble, unsex, vitrify, pall, saponify, extend,
expand, set aside, muddy, lift, raise, elevate,
harshen, dinge, demonize, demonise, devilize, devilise,
diabolize, diabolise, etherealize, etherialise, immaterialize, immaterialise,
unsubstantialize, unsubstantialise, animize, animise, animate, dynamize,
dynamise, rarefy, sublimate, subtilize, volatilize, volatilise,
uniformize, uniformise, symmetrize, symmetrise, immortalize, immortalise,
eternize, eternise, eternalize, eternalise, denature, sanitize,
sanitise, verbify, sputter, draw, dope, prostrate,
excite, energize, energise, shake, outmode, spice,
spice up, shorten, think, deflate, inflate, reflate,
digitize, digitise, digitalize, digitalise, gelatinize, gelatinise,
recombine, feminize, feminise, effeminize, effeminise, womanize,
masculinize, masculinise, virilize, virilise, disharmonize, dissonate,
sexualize, sexualise, schematize, schematise, patent, constitutionalize,
constitutionalise, rationalize, rationalise, plasticize, plasticise, paganize,
paganise, incandesce, deaminate, deaminize, angulate, circularize,
depolarize, depolarise, intensify, isomerize, isomerise, legitimate,
evaporate, vaporise, industrialize, industrialise, opacify, opsonize,
militarize, militarise, recommend, sentimentalize, sentimentalise, solemnize,
solemnise, territorialize, territorialise, transaminate, transfigure, spiritualize,
unsanctify, vesiculate, visualize, visualise, variegate, ventilate,
vivify, vulgarise, vulgarize, supple, professionalize, professionalise,
smut, still, weaponize, eroticize, sex up, piggyback,
port, lifehack, cloud, confuse, obnubilate, tone down,
obfuscate, synchronize, synchronise, mince, break down, crush,
fatten, fat, flesh out, fill out, plump, plump out,
fatten out, fatten up, disturb, dull, untie, undo,
barb, string, straighten, straighten out, mix, mingle,
commix, amalgamate, put, clean, make clean, dirty,
soil, begrime, grime, colly, bemire, lower,
depress, deform, break, break up, alter, decorate,
adorn, grace, ornament, embellish, beautify, humanize,
humanise, humble, estrange, alienate, alien, disaffect,
right, deodorize, deodorise, deodourise, blind, change intensity,
change taste, substitute, replace, capture, lend, impart,
bestow, contribute, add, restore, reinstate, reestablish,
liberalize, liberalise, compensate, redress, democratize, democratise,
corrupt, pervert, subvert, demoralize, demoralise, debauch,
debase, profane, deprave, misdirect, relax, flocculate,
turn, cohere
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- They change their earnings this year
2. undergo a change;
become different in essence;
losing one's or its original nature (Freq. 54)
- She changed completely as she grew older
- The weather changed last night
Ant:
stay
Hyponyms:
freshen, refresh, refreshen, freshen up, dress,
get dressed, grow, develop, produce, get, acquire,
regenerate, shade, gel, brutalize, brutalise, animalize,
animalise, convert, creolize, mutate, have, experience,
decrepitate, suburbanize, suburbanise, roll, roll up, glaze,
glass, glass over, glaze over, turn, barbarize, barbarise,
alkalinize, alkalinise, change by reversal, reverse, change integrity, change shape,
change form, deform, form, change state, adjust, conform,
adapt, rise, jump, climb up, assimilate, dissimilate,
change magnitude, modify, deaden, break, decay, crumble,
dilapidate, mold, mildew, hydrate, dry, dry out,
strengthen, distill, distil, deoxidize, deoxidise, reduce,
crack, oxidize, oxidise, oxidate, mellow, melt,
mellow out, soften, ionize, ionise, stabilize, stabilise,
destabilize, destabilise, lighten, lighten up, discolor, discolour,
colour, color, narrow, contract, darken, dim,
boil, check, transpire, resume, take up, change surface,
sublime, sublimate, cool, cool off, cool down, warm up,
warm, transform, transmute, metamorphose, dull, complexify,
ramify, Americanize, Americanise, modernize, modernise, stiffen,
tighten, fail, go bad, give way, die, give out,
conk out, go, break down, yield, harden, indurate,
suffuse, hush, normalize, normalise, reorient, purify,
digest, regress, foul, decalcify, industrialize, industrialise,
decarboxylate, spot, receive, find, obtain, incur,
acetylate, acetylize, acetylise, assume, adopt, take on,
take, prim, capacitate, caseate, clinker, cure,
dawn, salinate, desalinate, desalt, desalinize, desalinise,
shallow, shoal, steepen, superannuate, ulcerate, vitrify,
vulcanize, vulcanise, pall, become flat, saponify, move,
run, come, catch, catch on, fly, evolve,
assibilate, smoothen, turn on, drop, break into, deepen,
concretize, concretise, commute, transpose, introject, shift,
swing, fall, reflate, hydrolyze, hydrolyse, fold,
fold up, gelatinize, gelatinise, felt, felt up, mat up,
matt-up, matte up, matte, mat, recombine, feminize,
feminise, obsolesce, plasticize, plasticise, recede, defervesce,
incandesce, calcify, drift, play out, conjugate, isomerize,
isomerise, evaporate, vaporise, gradate, keratinize, keratinise,
opacify, mature, rejuvenate, sequester, transaminate, vesiculate,
undulate, vascularize, vascularise, crash, professionalize, professionalise,
flip, flip out, gum, repress, shear, damage,
synthesize, come round, come around, promote, separate, divide,
part, format, arrange, fall for, ascend, move up,
change posture, settle, collapse, fall in, cave in, give,
founder, undergo, solarize, solarise, occult, pass,
leave, depart, pull up stakes, liberalize, liberalise, stratify,
democratize, democratise, relax, loosen, reticulate, flocculate,
carbonate, come in, go out, stagnate, make, ice up,
frost over, ice over
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
3. become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence (Freq. 13)
- her mood changes in accordance with the weather
- The supermarket's selection of vegetables varies according to the season
Syn:
alter, vary
Derivationally related forms:
variable (for: vary), variant (for: vary), variation (for: vary)
Hyponyms:
alternate, jump, crackle, modulate, avianize,
avianise, move, adapt, accommodate, let out, widen,
take in, diversify, branch out, broaden, radiate, specialize,
specialise, narrow, narrow down, honeycomb, break
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- They change the countryside
4. lay aside, abandon, or leave for another (Freq. 7)
- switch to a different brand of beer
- She switched psychiatrists
- The car changed lanes
Syn:
switch, shift
Derivationally related forms:
shift (for: shift), switch (for: switch)
Hyponyms:
transition, shift, break, surf, channel-surf,
leap, jump, diphthongize, diphthongise, cut
Verb Group:
exchange, commute, convert
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
5. change clothes;
put on different clothes (Freq. 6)
- Change before you go to the opera
Hypernyms:
dress, get dressed
Verb Group:
switch, shift
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s PP
- They change
6. exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category (Freq. 5)
- Could you convert my dollars into pounds?
- He changed his name
- convert centimeters into inches
- convert holdings into shares
Syn:
exchange, commute, convert
Derivationally related forms:
convertible (for: convert), conversion (for: convert), commutation (for: commute), exchange (for: exchange), exchanger (for: exchange)
Hypernyms:
replace
Hyponyms:
rectify, utilize, capitalize, capitalise, launder, break
Verb Group:
switch, shift
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- They change the money
7. give to, and receive from, one another (Freq. 3)
- Would you change places with me?
- We have been exchanging letters for a year
Syn:
exchange, interchange
Derivationally related forms:
interchange (for: interchange), exchange (for: exchange)
Hypernyms:
transfer
Hyponyms:
sell, cash, cash in, ransom, redeem,
substitute, sub, stand in, fill in, trade, swap,
swop, switch, barter, trade in
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s something PP
8. change from one vehicle or transportation line to another (Freq. 3)
- She changed in Chicago on her way to the East coast
Syn:
transfer
Derivationally related forms:
transfer (for: transfer)
Hypernyms:
travel, go, move, locomote
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
- They change
9. become deeper in tone
- His voice began to change when he was 12 years old
- Her voice deepened when she whispered the password
Syn:
deepen
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
10. remove or replace the coverings of
- Father had to learn how to change the baby
- After each guest we changed the bed linens
Hypernyms:
replace
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something

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