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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
shade



I - noun
1. relative darkness caused by light rays being intercepted by an opaque body (Freq. 9)
- it is much cooler in the shade
- there's too much shadiness to take good photographs
Syn:
shadiness, shadowiness
Derivationally related forms:
shadowy (for: shadowiness), shady (for: shadiness), shady
Hypernyms:
semidarkness
Hyponyms:
shadow
2. a quality of a given color that differs slightly from another color (Freq. 5)
- after several trials he mixed the shade of pink that she wanted
Syn:
tint, tincture, tone
Derivationally related forms:
tone (for: tone), tincture (for: tincture), tint (for: tint)
Hypernyms:
color, colour, coloring, colouring
Hyponyms:
mellowness, richness, undertone, tinge
3. protective covering that protects something from direct sunlight (Freq. 3)
- they used umbrellas as shades
- as the sun moved he readjusted the shade
Hypernyms:
protective covering, protective cover, protection
Hyponyms:
lampshade, lamp shade, parasol, sunshade, sun visor
4. a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude (Freq. 2)
- without understanding the finer nuances you can't enjoy the humor
- don't argue about shades of meaning
Syn:
nuance, nicety, subtlety, refinement
Derivationally related forms:
refine (for: refinement)
Hypernyms:
meaning, significance, signification, import
5. a position of relative inferiority
- an achievement that puts everything else in the shade
- his brother's success left him in the shade
Hypernyms:
inferiority, lower status, lower rank
6. a slight amount or degree of difference
- a tad too expensive
- not a tad of difference
- the new model is a shade better than the old one
Syn:
tad
Hypernyms:
small indefinite quantity, small indefinite amount
7. a mental representation of some haunting experience
- he looked like he had seen a ghost
- it aroused specters from his past
Syn:
ghost, spook, wraith, specter, spectre
Derivationally related forms:
spook (for: spook), ghost (for: ghost)
Hypernyms:
apparition, phantom, phantasm, phantasma, fantasm, shadow
8. a representation of the effect of shadows in a picture or drawing (as by shading or darker pigment)
Hypernyms:
representation

II - verb
1. cast a shadow over (Freq. 2)
Syn:
shadow, shade off
Derivationally related forms:
shadow (for: shadow)
Hypernyms:
darken
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
2. represent the effect of shade or shadow on (Freq. 1)
Syn:
fill in
Derivationally related forms:
shading
Topics:
art, artistic creation, artistic production
Hypernyms:
draw, paint
Hyponyms:
crosshatch
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
3. protect from light, heat, or view (Freq. 1)
- Shade your eyes when you step out into the bright sunlight
Hypernyms:
screen, block out
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
4. vary slightly
- shade the meaning
Hypernyms:
change, alter, modify
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
5. pass from one quality such as color to another by a slight degree
- the butterfly wings shade to yellow
Hypernyms:
change
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP

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