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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
stain



I - noun
1. a soiled or discolored appearance (Freq. 5)
- the wine left a dark stain
Syn:
discoloration, discolouration
Derivationally related forms:
discolour (for: discolouration), discolor (for: discoloration)
Hypernyms:
appearance, visual aspect
Hyponyms:
scorch, bloodstain, iron mold, iron mould, mud stain,
oil stain, tarnish
2. (microscopy) a dye or other coloring material that is used in microscopy to make structures visible (Freq. 2)
Topics:
microscopy
Hypernyms:
coloring material, colouring material, color, colour
Hyponyms:
gentian violet, crystal violet, methylene blue, methylthionine chloride, counterstain
3. the state of being covered with unclean things (Freq. 1)
Syn:
dirt, filth, grime, soil, grease, grunge
Derivationally related forms:
grungy (for: grunge), grease (for: grease), soil (for: soil), grimy (for: grime), grime (for: grime), filthy (for: filth), dirty (for: dirt)
Hypernyms:
dirtiness, uncleanness
4. a symbol of disgrace or infamy
- "And the Lord set a mark upon Cain"--Genesis
Syn:
mark, stigma, brand
Derivationally related forms:
brand (for: brand), stigmatic (for: stigma), stigmatize (for: stigma), mark (for: mark)
Hypernyms:
symbol
Hyponyms:
demerit, bar sinister, bend sinister, cloven hoof, cloven foot
5. an act that brings discredit to the person who does it
- he made a huge blot on his copybook
Syn:
blot, smear, smirch, spot
Derivationally related forms:
smirch (for: smirch)
Hypernyms:
mistake, error, fault

II - verb
1. color with a liquid dye or tint (Freq. 19)
- Stain this table a beautiful walnut color
- people knew how to stain glass a beautiful blue in the middle ages
Derivationally related forms:
stainer
Hypernyms:
dye
Hyponyms:
ebonize, ebonise, dip, tattoo, marble, vein
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
2. produce or leave stains (Freq. 2)
- Red wine stains the table cloth
Hypernyms:
change, alter, modify
Hyponyms:
smut
Verb Group:
spot, fleck, blob, blot
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
3. make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air;
also used metaphorically
- The silver was tarnished by the long exposure to the air
- Her reputation was sullied after the affair with a married man
Syn:
tarnish, maculate, sully, defile
Derivationally related forms:
macula (for: maculate), maculation (for: maculate), tarnish (for: tarnish)
Hypernyms:
spot, fleck, blob, blot
Hyponyms:
darken
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
4. color for microscopic study
- The laboratory worker dyed the specimen
Derivationally related forms:
staining
Hypernyms:
dye
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something

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