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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
shift



I - noun
1. an event in which something is displaced without rotation (Freq. 5)
Syn:
displacement
Hypernyms:
translation
Hyponyms:
amplitude, luxation
2. a qualitative change (Freq. 5)
Syn:
transformation, transmutation
Hypernyms:
change, alteration, modification
Hyponyms:
improvement, betterment, advance, population shift, pyrolysis,
sea change, sublimation, tin pest, tin disease, tin plague, conversion,
transition, changeover, degeneration, retrogression, strengthening, weakening
3. the time period during which you are at work (Freq. 3)
Syn:
work shift, duty period
Hypernyms:
hours
Hyponyms:
go, spell, tour, turn, trick,
trick, day shift, evening shift, swing shift, night shift,
graveyard shift, split shift
Part Holonyms:
workday, working day
4. the act of changing one thing or position for another (Freq. 3)
- his switch on abortion cost him the election
Syn:
switch, switching
Derivationally related forms:
switch (for: switching), switch (for: switch)
Hypernyms:
change
Hyponyms:
switcheroo
5. the act of moving from one place to another (Freq. 2)
- his constant shifting disrupted the class
Syn:
shifting
Derivationally related forms:
shift (for: shifting), shifty
Hypernyms:
motion, movement, move
6. (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other
- they built it right over a geological fault
- he studied the faulting of the earth's crust
Syn:
fault, faulting, geological fault, fracture, break
Derivationally related forms:
break (for: break), fracture (for: fracture)
Topics:
geology
Hypernyms:
crack, cleft, crevice, fissure, scissure
Hyponyms:
inclined fault, strike-slip fault
Instance Hyponyms:
Denali Fault, San Andreas Fault
Part Meronyms:
fault line
7. a crew of workers who work for a specific period of time
Hypernyms:
gang, crew, work party
Hyponyms:
day shift, day watch, evening shift, night shift, graveyard shift, relay
Part Holonyms:
work force, workforce, manpower, hands, men
8. the key on the typewriter keyboard that shifts from lower-case letters to upper-case letters
Syn:
shift key
Hypernyms:
key
Part Holonyms:
typewriter keyboard
9. a woman's sleeveless undergarment
Syn:
chemise, shimmy, slip, teddy
Hypernyms:
undergarment, unmentionable
Part Meronyms:
strap, shoulder strap
10. a loose-fitting dress hanging straight from the shoulders without a waist
Syn:
chemise, sack
Hypernyms:
dress, frock

II - verb
1. make a shift in or exchange of (Freq. 13)
- First Joe led; then we switched
Syn:
switch, change over
Derivationally related forms:
switch (for: switch), switching (for: switch)
Hypernyms:
change, alter, modify
Hyponyms:
back, veer
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
2. change place or direction (Freq. 12)
- Shift one's position
Syn:
dislodge, reposition
Derivationally related forms:
shifting
Hypernyms:
move, displace
Hyponyms:
beat down
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s PP
3. move around (Freq. 5)
- transfer the packet from his trouser pockets to a pocket in his jacket
Syn:
transfer
Derivationally related forms:
transferrer (for: transfer)
Hypernyms:
move, displace
Hyponyms:
transpose, shunt, carry, shuffle, transship,
bunker, carry over, carry forward, remove, transfer, translocate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
- Somebody ----s something PP
4. move very slightly (Freq. 2)
- He shifted in his seat
Syn:
stir, budge, agitate
Derivationally related forms:
shifting
Hypernyms:
move
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- The crowds shift in the streets
5. move from one setting or context to another (Freq. 2)
- shift the emphasis
- shift one's attention
Hypernyms:
change, alter, modify
Hyponyms:
transfer, transpose, transplant
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
6. change in quality (Freq. 1)
- His tone shifted
Hypernyms:
change
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
7. move and exchange for another (Freq. 1)
- shift the date for our class reunion
Hypernyms:
substitute, replace, interchange, exchange
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
8. move sideways or in an unsteady way
- The ship careened out of control
Syn:
careen, wobble, tilt
Derivationally related forms:
tilt (for: tilt), wobble (for: wobble), wobbler (for: wobble), careen (for: careen)
Hypernyms:
move
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
9. move abruptly
- The ship suddenly lurched to the left
Syn:
lurch, pitch
Derivationally related forms:
pitch (for: pitch), pitching (for: pitch), lurch (for: lurch)
Hypernyms:
move
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
10. use a shift key on a keyboard
- She could not shift so all her letters are written in lower case
Hypernyms:
type, typewrite
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
11. change phonetically as part of a systematic historical change
- Grimm showed how the consonants shifted
Topics:
phonetics
Hypernyms:
change
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
12. change gears
- you have to shift when you go down a steep hill
Derivationally related forms:
shifter
Hypernyms:
switch, change
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
13. lay aside, abandon, or leave for another
- switch to a different brand of beer
- She switched psychiatrists
- The car changed lanes
Syn:
switch, change
Derivationally related forms:
switch (for: switch)
Hyponyms:
transition, break, surf, channel-surf, leap,
jump, diphthongize, diphthongise, cut
Verb Group:
change, exchange, commute, convert
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody

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