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pass



I - noun
1. (baseball) an advance to first base by a batter who receives four balls (Freq. 6)
- he worked the pitcher for a base on balls
Syn:
base on balls, walk
Derivationally related forms:
walk (for: walk)
Topics:
baseball, baseball game
Hypernyms:
accomplishment, achievement
2. (military) a written leave of absence (Freq. 3)
- he had a pass for three days
Topics:
military, armed forces, armed services, military machine, war machine
Hypernyms:
leave, leave of absence
3. (American football) a play that involves one player throwing the ball to a teammate (Freq. 2)
- the coach sent in a passing play on third and long
Syn:
passing play, passing game, passing
Derivationally related forms:
pass (for: passing)
Topics:
American football, American football game
Hypernyms:
football play
Hyponyms:
forward pass, aerial, lateral pass, lateral, spot pass
4. the location in a range of mountains of a geological formation that is lower than the surrounding peaks (Freq. 1)
- we got through the pass before it started to snow
Syn:
mountain pass, notch
Hypernyms:
location
Hyponyms:
col, gap, defile, gorge, saddleback, saddle
Instance Hyponyms:
Brenner Pass, Cumberland Gap, Donner Pass, Khyber Pass
Part Holonyms:
range, mountain range, range of mountains, chain, mountain chain, chain of mountains
5. any authorization to pass or go somewhere (Freq. 1)
- the pass to visit had a strict time limit
Syn:
passport
Hypernyms:
permission
Hyponyms:
safe-conduct, safeguard
6. a document indicating permission to do something without restrictions (Freq. 1)
- the media representatives had special passes
Syn:
laissez passer
Hypernyms:
permission
Hyponyms:
boarding card, boarding pass, hall pass, ticket-of-leave
7. a flight or run by an aircraft over a target (Freq. 1)
- the plane turned to make a second pass
Hypernyms:
flight, flying
8. a bad or difficult situation or state of affairs
Syn:
strait, straits
Hypernyms:
situation
Hyponyms:
desperate straits, dire straits
9. one complete cycle of operations (as by a computer)
- it was not possible to complete the computation in a single pass
Topics:
computer, computing machine, computing device, data processor, electronic computer, information processing system
Hypernyms:
cycle, oscillation
10. a complimentary ticket
- the star got passes for his family
Hypernyms:
ticket
11. a usually brief attempt
- he took a crack at it
- I gave it a whirl
Syn:
crack, fling, go, whirl, offer
Hypernyms:
attempt, effort, endeavor, endeavour, try
12. you advance to the next round in a tournament without playing an opponent
- he had a bye in the first round
Syn:
bye
Hypernyms:
concession, conceding, yielding
13. a permit to enter or leave a military installation
- he had to show his pass in order to get out
Syn:
liberty chit
Topics:
military, armed forces, armed services, military machine, war machine
Hypernyms:
license, licence, permit
14. a difficult juncture
- a pretty pass
- matters came to a head yesterday
Syn:
head, straits
Hypernyms:
juncture, occasion
15. (sports) the act of throwing the ball to another member of your team
- the pass was fumbled
Syn:
toss, flip
Derivationally related forms:
flip (for: flip), toss (for: toss)
Topics:
sport, athletics
Hypernyms:
throw
Hyponyms:
centering, snap
16. success in satisfying a test or requirement
- his future depended on his passing that test
- he got a pass in introductory chemistry
Syn:
passing, qualifying
Ant:
failing (for: passing)
Derivationally related forms:
qualify (for: qualifying), pass (for: passing)
Hypernyms:
success

II - verb
1. go across or through (Freq. 32)
- We passed the point where the police car had parked
- A terrible thought went through his mind
Syn:
go through, go across
See Also:
pass over
Hypernyms:
travel, go, move, locomote
Hyponyms:
break through, crack, squeak by, squeak through, transit,
traverse, track, cover, cross, pass over, get over,
get across, cut through, cut across, infiltrate, pass through, run,
move through, pass across, cut, crash, muscle, transgress,
trespass, overstep, negotiate, negociate, lock, make,
work, cycle, fumble, blunder
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
2. move past (Freq. 31)
- A black limousine passed by when she looked out the window
- He passed his professor in the hall
- One line of soldiers surpassed the other
Syn:
travel by, pass by, surpass, go past, go by
Derivationally related forms:
passer
Hypernyms:
travel, go, move, locomote
Hyponyms:
skirt, run by, fly by, zip by, whisk by
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- These cars won't pass
3. make laws, bills, etc. or bring into effect by legislation (Freq. 29)
- They passed the amendment
- We cannot legislate how people spend their free time
Syn:
legislate
Derivationally related forms:
passage, legislative (for: legislate), legislature (for: legislate), legislation (for: legislate), legislator (for: legislate)
Hypernyms:
ordain, enact
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
4. pass by (Freq. 17)
- three years elapsed
Syn:
elapse, lapse, slip by, glide by, slip away,
go by, slide by, go along
Derivationally related forms:
lapse (for: lapse)
Hypernyms:
advance, progress, pass on, move on, march on, go on
Hyponyms:
fly, fell, vanish
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
5. place into the hands or custody of (Freq. 13)
- hand me the spoon, please
- Turn the files over to me, please
- He turned over the prisoner to his lawyers
Syn:
hand, reach, pass on, turn over, give
See Also:
hand out (for: hand), hand down (for: hand), hand over (for: hand), pass on
Derivationally related forms:
hand (for: hand), passage
Hypernyms:
transfer
Hyponyms:
give, slip, sneak, deal, hand over,
fork over, fork out, fork up, turn in, deliver, render,
release, relinquish, resign, free, give up, entrust,
intrust, trust, confide, commit, leave
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s somebody something
- Somebody ----s something to somebody
- They pass the food to the people
- They pass the people the food
6. travel past (Freq. 8)
- The sports car passed all the trucks
Syn:
overtake, overhaul
Derivationally related forms:
overtaking (for: overtake), passage, passing
Hypernyms:
advance, progress, pass on, move on, march on, go on
Hyponyms:
get by, clear, top
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- These cars won't pass
7. stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope;
run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point (Freq. 8)
- Service runs all the way to Cranbury
- His knowledge doesn't go very far
- My memory extends back to my fourth year of life
- The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets
Syn:
run, go, lead, extend
See Also:
extend to (for: extend), run along (for: run)
Derivationally related forms:
extent (for: extend)
Hypernyms:
be
Hyponyms:
come, radiate, ray, go far, go deep
Verb Group:
range, run
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
8. come to pass (Freq. 7)
- What is happening?
- The meeting took place off without an incidence
- Nothing occurred that seemed important
Syn:
happen, hap, go on, pass off, occur,
fall out, come about, take place
Derivationally related forms:
hap (for: hap), happening (for: happen)
Hyponyms:
break, recrudesce, develop, arise, come up,
result, intervene, transpire, give, operate, supervene,
proceed, go, come, fall, anticipate, recur,
repeat, go off, come off, go over, come around, roll around,
happen, materialize, materialise, befall, bechance, betide,
concur, coincide, backfire, backlash, recoil, chance,
chance, strike, turn out, synchronize, synchronise,
contemporize, contemporise
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
- It ----s that CLAUSE
9. go unchallenged;
be approved (Freq. 4)
- The bill cleared the House
Syn:
clear
Hypernyms:
succeed, win, come through, bring home the bacon, deliver the goods
Hyponyms:
clear
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
10. pass time in a specific way (Freq. 3)
- how are you spending your summer vacation?
Syn:
spend
Hyponyms:
soldier, slum, weekend, vacation, holiday,
serve, do, while away, get through, sojourn, winter,
overwinter, summer
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
11. transmit information (Freq. 3)
- Please communicate this message to all employees
- pass along the good news
Syn:
communicate, pass on, pass along, put across
Derivationally related forms:
communicative (for: communicate), communicatory (for: communicate), communication (for: communicate), communicator (for: communicate), communicating (for: communicate)
Hypernyms:
convey, transmit, communicate
Hyponyms:
plant, implant, send a message, relay, get across,
put over, request, bespeak, call for, quest, acknowledge,
receipt, carry, render, deliver, return, message
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s something to somebody
12. disappear gradually (Freq. 3)
- The pain eventually passed off
Syn:
evanesce, fade, blow over, pass off, fleet
Derivationally related forms:
passing, evanescent (for: evanesce), evanescence (for: evanesce)
Hypernyms:
disappear, vanish, go away
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
13. pass over, across, or through (Freq. 3)
- He ran his eyes over her body
- She ran her fingers along the carved figurine
- He drew her hair through his fingers
Syn:
guide, run, draw
See Also:
pass over, pass around
Hyponyms:
rub, thread
Verb Group:
string, thread, draw, run, lead
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something PP
14. go successfully through a test or a selection process (Freq. 2)
- She passed the new Jersey Bar Exam and can practice law now
Syn:
make it
Ant:
fail
Derivationally related forms:
passer, passing
Hypernyms:
succeed, win, come through, bring home the bacon, deliver the goods
Hyponyms:
breeze through, ace, pass with flying colors, sweep through, sail through, nail
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
15. pass into a specified state or condition (Freq. 1)
- He sank into nirvana
Syn:
sink, lapse
Derivationally related forms:
passage
Hypernyms:
move
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
16. be superior or better than some standard (Freq. 1)
- She exceeded our expectations
- She topped her performance of last year
Syn:
exceed, transcend, overstep, go past, top
Derivationally related forms:
top (for: top), topper (for: top), transcendent (for: transcend), transcendency (for: transcend), transcendence (for: transcend), excessive (for: exceed), exceedance (for: exceed)
Hypernyms:
excel, stand out, surpass
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
17. accept or judge as acceptable (Freq. 1)
- The teacher passed the student although he was weak
Ant:
fail
Derivationally related forms:
passing
Hypernyms:
evaluate, pass judgment, judge
Cause:
make it
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
18. allow to go without comment or censure (Freq. 1)
- the insult passed as if unnoticed
Hypernyms:
let, allow, permit
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
19. transfer to another;
of rights or property (Freq. 1)
- Our house passed under his official control
Hypernyms:
change
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
20. throw (a ball) to another player
- Smith passed
Derivationally related forms:
passer, passing
Hypernyms:
throw
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody something
- Somebody ----s something to somebody
21. cause to pass
- She passed around the plates
Syn:
make pass
Hyponyms:
cycle, pass off, pass through, run, lead
Cause:
go through, go across
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
22. eliminate from the body
- Pass a kidney stone
Syn:
excrete, egest, eliminate
Derivationally related forms:
passing, excretory (for: excrete), excretion (for: excrete), excreting (for: excrete), elimination (for: eliminate)
Hypernyms:
exhaust, discharge, expel, eject, release
Hyponyms:
sweat, sudate, perspire, exude, exudate,
transude, ooze out, ooze, make, urinate, piddle,
puddle, micturate, piss, pee, pee-pee, make water,
relieve oneself, take a leak, spend a penny, wee, wee-wee, pass water,
evacuate, void, empty, stool, defecate, shit,
take a shit, take a crap, ca-ca, crap, vomit, vomit up,
purge, cast, sick, cat, be sick, disgorge,
regorge, retch, puke, barf, spew, spue,
chuck, upchuck, honk, regurgitate, throw up
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
23. be inherited by
- The estate fell to my sister
- The land returned to the family
- The estate devolved to an heir that everybody had assumed to be dead
Syn:
fall, return, devolve
Hypernyms:
change hands, change owners
Hyponyms:
fall, light
Verb Group:
accrue, fall
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s somebody
24. pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life
- She died from cancer
- The children perished in the fire
- The patient went peacefully
- The old guy kicked the bucket at the age of 102
Syn:
die, decease, perish, go, exit,
pass away, expire, kick the bucket, cash in one's chips, buy the farm, conk,
give-up the ghost, drop dead, pop off, choke, croak, snuff it
Ant:
be born (for: die)
See Also:
die out (for: die), die off (for: die), die down (for: die)
Derivationally related forms:
passing, expiration (for: expire), exit (for: exit), going (for: go), decedent (for: decease), decease (for: decease), death (for: die), Death (for: die)
Hypernyms:
change state, turn
Hyponyms:
abort, suffocate, stifle, asphyxiate, buy it,
pip out, drown, predecease, starve, famish, fall,
succumb, yield
Verb Group:
die, fail, go bad, give way, give out,
conk out, go, break, break down
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
25. grant authorization or clearance for
- Clear the manuscript for publication
- The rock star never authorized this slanderous biography
Syn:
authorize, authorise, clear
Derivationally related forms:
clearance (for: clear), authorisation (for: authorise), authoriser (for: authorise), authorization (for: authorize), authorizer (for: authorize)
Hypernyms:
permit, allow, let, countenance
Hyponyms:
approbate, certificate, approve, O.K., okay,
sanction, declare, license, licence, certify, commission,
validate, formalize, formalise
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE

III - adjective
of advancing the ball by throwing it
- a team with a good passing attack
- a pass play
Syn:
passing
Ant:
running (for: passing)
Topics:
football, football game

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