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charge



I - noun
1. an impetuous rush toward someone or something (Freq. 16)
- the wrestler's charge carried him past his adversary
- the battle began with a cavalry charge
Hypernyms:
attack, onslaught, onset, onrush
Hyponyms:
countercharge
2. (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense (Freq. 13)
- he was arrested on a charge of larceny
Syn:
complaint
Derivationally related forms:
complain (for: complaint)
Topics:
criminal law
Hypernyms:
pleading
Hyponyms:
accusation, accusal
Part Holonyms:
indictment, bill of indictment
3. the price charged for some article or service (Freq. 4)
- the admission charge
Hypernyms:
cost
Hyponyms:
carrying charge, depreciation charge, undercharge, overcharge, fare,
transportation, fixed charge, fixed cost, fixed costs, agio, agiotage,
premium, exchange premium, demurrage, installation charge, porterage, postage,
poundage, rate, charge per unit, water-rate, surcharge, service charge,
service fee, stowage, tankage
4. the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons (Freq. 3)
- the battery needed a fresh charge
Syn:
electric charge
Hypernyms:
electrical phenomenon
Hyponyms:
electrostatic charge, positive charge, negative charge
5. attention and management implying responsibility for safety (Freq. 2)
- he is in the care of a bodyguard
Syn:
care, tutelage, guardianship
Derivationally related forms:
guardian (for: guardianship), tutor (for: tutelage), care (for: care)
Hypernyms:
protection
Hyponyms:
due care, ordinary care, reasonable care, foster care, great care,
providence, slight care
6. a special assignment that is given to a person or group (Freq. 2)
- a confidential mission to London
- his charge was deliver a message
Syn:
mission, commission
Derivationally related forms:
commission (for: commission), missioner (for: mission)
Hypernyms:
assignment, duty assignment
Hyponyms:
fool's errand, mission impossible, suicide mission, martyr operation, sacrifice operation
7. a person committed to your care (Freq. 1)
- the teacher led her charges across the street
Hypernyms:
dependant, dependent
8. financial liabilities (such as a tax)
- the charges against the estate
Topics:
tax, taxation, revenue enhancement
Hypernyms:
liabilities
Hyponyms:
levy, encumbrance, incumbrance, assessment
9. the swift release of a store of affective force
- they got a great bang out of it
- what a boot!
- he got a quick rush from injecting heroin
- he does it for kicks
Syn:
bang, boot, rush, flush, thrill, kick
Derivationally related forms:
thrill (for: thrill)
Hypernyms:
exhilaration, excitement
10. request for payment of a debt
- they submitted their charges at the end of each month
Syn:
billing
Hypernyms:
request, asking
Hyponyms:
presentment
11. (psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea or person or object
- Freud thought of cathexis as a psychic analog of an electrical charge
Syn:
cathexis
Derivationally related forms:
cathectic (for: cathexis)
Topics:
psychoanalysis, analysis, depth psychology
Hypernyms:
libidinal energy
12. a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something
- the judge's charge to the jury
Syn:
commission, direction
Derivationally related forms:
commissioner (for: commission), commission (for: commission)
Hypernyms:
command, bid, bidding, dictation
Hyponyms:
misdirection
13. a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time
- this cartridge has a powder charge of 50 grains
Syn:
burster, bursting charge, explosive charge
Derivationally related forms:
burst (for: burster)
Hypernyms:
explosive
Hyponyms:
shot, undercharge, rocket fuel, rocket propellant, rocket propellent
14. heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield
Syn:
bearing, heraldic bearing, armorial bearing
Hypernyms:
heraldry
Hyponyms:
annulet, roundel, chevron, fleur-de-lis, fleur-de-lys, ordinary
15. an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence
- the newspaper published charges that Jones was guilty of drunken driving
Syn:
accusation
Derivationally related forms:
accusatorial (for: accusation), accuse (for: accusation)
Hypernyms:
assertion, averment, asseveration
Hyponyms:
countercharge

II - verb
1. to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle (Freq. 16)
- he saw Jess charging at him with a pitchfork
Syn:
bear down
Derivationally related forms:
charger
Hypernyms:
rush
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s
2. blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against (Freq. 10)
- he charged the director with indifference
Syn:
accuse
Derivationally related forms:
accusive (for: accuse), accusative (for: accuse), accusatory (for: accuse), accusation (for: accuse), accuser (for: accuse), accusal (for: accuse)
Hyponyms:
blame, fault, accuse, impeach, incriminate,
criminate, defame, slander, smirch, asperse, denigrate,
calumniate, smear, sully, besmirch, indict
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s somebody with something
- They want to charge the prisoners
3. demand payment (Freq. 7)
- Will I get charged for this service?
- We were billed for 4 nights in the hotel, although we stayed only 3 nights
Syn:
bill
Derivationally related forms:
bill (for: bill)
Hypernyms:
account, calculate
Hyponyms:
levy, impose, tithe, assess, undercharge,
surcharge, invoice
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s somebody something
4. move quickly and violently (Freq. 6)
- The car tore down the street
- He came charging into my office
Syn:
tear, shoot, shoot down, buck
See Also:
shoot up (for: shoot)
Hypernyms:
rush, hotfoot, hasten, hie, speed,
speed, pelt along, rush along, cannonball along, bucket along,
belt along, step on it
Hyponyms:
rip
Verb Group:
dart, dash, scoot, scud, flash, shoot
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
5. assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to (Freq. 4)
- He was appointed deputy manager
- She was charged with supervising the creation of a concordance
Syn:
appoint
Derivationally related forms:
appointive (for: appoint), appointee (for: appoint)
Hyponyms:
delegate, designate, depute, assign, deputize,
deputise, name, nominate, make, empower, authorise,
authorize, accredit, create
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s somebody something
- They charge him to write the letter
6. file a formal charge against (Freq. 3)
- The suspect was charged with murdering his wife
Syn:
lodge, file
Derivationally related forms:
file (for: file), filer (for: file), lodgement (for: lodge)
Hypernyms:
accuse, impeach, incriminate, criminate
Hyponyms:
impeach
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s somebody with something
- Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
7. make an accusatory claim (Freq. 3)
- The defense attorney charged that the jurors were biased
Hypernyms:
claim
Hyponyms:
tax, complain
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
8. fill or load to capacity (Freq. 2)
- charge the wagon with hay
Ant:
discharge
Hypernyms:
change, alter, modify
Hyponyms:
burden, burthen, weight, weight down, freight
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody with something
- Somebody ----s something PP
9. enter a certain amount as a charge (Freq. 1)
- he charged me $15
Hypernyms:
debit
Verb Group:
bill
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s something to somebody
10. cause to be admitted;
of persons to an institution
- After the second episode, she had to be committed
- he was committed to prison
Syn:
commit, institutionalize, institutionalise, send
Derivationally related forms:
institution (for: institutionalise), institution (for: institutionalize), commitment (for: commit), committal (for: commit)
Hypernyms:
transfer
Hyponyms:
hospitalize, hospitalise
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
11. give over to another for care or safekeeping
- consign your baggage
Syn:
consign
Derivationally related forms:
consigner (for: consign), consignee (for: consign)
Hypernyms:
entrust, intrust, trust, confide, commit
Hyponyms:
pledge, pawn, soak, hock, check
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something to somebody
12. pay with a credit card;
pay with plastic money;
postpone payment by recording a purchase as a debt
- Will you pay cash or charge the purchase?
Ant:
pay cash
Hypernyms:
pay
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s something to somebody
- Somebody ----s something PP
13. lie down on command, of hunting dogs
Hypernyms:
lie down, lie
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
14. place a heraldic bearing on
- charge all weapons, shields, and banners
Topics:
art, artistic creation, artistic production
Hypernyms:
paint
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
15. provide (a device) with something necessary
- He loaded his gun carefully
- load the camera
Syn:
load
Derivationally related forms:
load (for: load), loader (for: load)
Hypernyms:
fill, fill up, make full
Hyponyms:
recharge, reload
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
16. direct into a position for use
- point a gun
- He charged his weapon at me
Syn:
level, point
Hypernyms:
aim, take, train, take aim, direct
Verb Group:
point
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
17. impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to
- He charged her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend
Syn:
saddle, burden
Derivationally related forms:
burden (for: burden)
Hypernyms:
command, require
Hyponyms:
overburden, bear down, overwhelm, deluge, flood out, adjure
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody with something
- Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE
18. cause to be agitated, excited, or roused
- The speaker charged up the crowd with his inflammatory remarks
Syn:
agitate, rouse, turn on, commove, excite, charge up
Ant:
calm (for: agitate)
Derivationally related forms:
excitant (for: excite), excitement (for: excite), turn-on (for: turn on), rousing (for: rouse), agitative (for: agitate)
Hypernyms:
disturb, upset, trouble
Hyponyms:
hype up, psych up, bother, pother, electrify
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
19. instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence
Topics:
law, jurisprudence
Hypernyms:
instruct
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
20. instruct or command with authority
- The teacher charged the children to memorize the poem
Hypernyms:
instruct
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE
21. attribute responsibility to
- We blamed the accident on her
- The tragedy was charged to her inexperience
Syn:
blame
Derivationally related forms:
blameable (for: blame), blamable (for: blame), blame (for: blame)
Hypernyms:
impute, ascribe, assign, attribute
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
22. set or ask for a certain price
- How much do you charge for lunch?
- This fellow charges $100 for a massage
Hypernyms:
determine, set
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
23. cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on
- charge a conductor
Hypernyms:
change, alter, modify
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
24. energize a battery by passing a current through it in the direction opposite to discharge
- I need to charge my car battery
Derivationally related forms:
charger
Hypernyms:
supply, provide, render, furnish
Hyponyms:
recharge
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
25. saturate
- The room was charged with tension and anxiety
Hypernyms:
impregnate, saturate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something

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