Chuyển bộ gõ


Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
break



I - noun
1. some abrupt occurrence that interrupts an ongoing activity (Freq. 3)
- the telephone is an annoying interruption
- there was a break in the action when a player was hurt
Syn:
interruption
Hypernyms:
happening, occurrence, occurrent, natural event
Hyponyms:
dislocation, disruption, punctuation, suspension, respite,
reprieve, hiatus, abatement, eclipse, occultation
2. an unexpected piece of good luck (Freq. 2)
- he finally got his big break
Syn:
good luck, happy chance
Hypernyms:
accident, stroke, fortuity, chance event
3. (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other (Freq. 1)
- they built it right over a geological fault
- he studied the faulting of the earth's crust
Syn:
fault, faulting, geological fault, shift, fracture
Derivationally related forms:
fracture (for: fracture)
Topics:
geology
Hypernyms:
crack, cleft, crevice, fissure, scissure
Hyponyms:
inclined fault, strike-slip fault
Instance Hyponyms:
Denali Fault, San Andreas Fault
Part Meronyms:
fault line
4. a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions) (Freq. 1)
- they hoped to avoid a break in relations
Syn:
rupture, breach, severance, rift, falling out
Derivationally related forms:
sever (for: severance)
Hypernyms:
separation, breakup, detachment
Hyponyms:
schism
5. a pause from doing something (as work) (Freq. 1)
- we took a 10-minute break
- he took time out to recuperate
Syn:
respite, recess, time out
Derivationally related forms:
recess (for: recess)
Hypernyms:
pause
Hyponyms:
spring break
6. the act of breaking something (Freq. 1)
- the breakage was unavoidable
Syn:
breakage, breaking
Derivationally related forms:
break (for: breakage)
Hypernyms:
change of integrity
Hyponyms:
rupture, smashing, shattering, fracture, crack,
cracking, chip, chipping, splintering
7. a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
Syn:
pause, intermission, interruption, suspension
Derivationally related forms:
suspend (for: suspension), pause (for: pause)
Hypernyms:
time interval, interval
Hyponyms:
lapse, blackout, caesura, dead air, delay,
hold, time lag, postponement, wait, halftime, respite,
rest, relief, rest period, time-out, letup, lull
8. breaking of hard tissue such as bone
- it was a nasty fracture
- the break seems to have been caused by a fall
Syn:
fracture
Derivationally related forms:
fracture (for: fracture)
Hypernyms:
injury, hurt, harm, trauma
Hyponyms:
comminuted fracture, complete fracture, compound fracture, open fracture, compression fracture,
depressed fracture, displaced fracture, fatigue fracture, stress fracture, hairline fracture, capillary fracture,
incomplete fracture, impacted fracture, simple fracture, closed fracture
9. the occurrence of breaking
- the break in the dam threatened the valley
Hypernyms:
separation, breakup, detachment
Hyponyms:
snap
10. an abrupt change in the tone or register of the voice (as at puberty or due to emotion)
- then there was a break in her voice
Hypernyms:
change, alteration, modification
11. the opening shot that scatters the balls in billiards or pool
Hypernyms:
stroke, shot
Part Holonyms:
billiards, pool, pocket billiards
12. (tennis) a score consisting of winning a game when your opponent was serving
- he was up two breaks in the second set
Syn:
break of serve
Topics:
tennis, lawn tennis
Hypernyms:
score
13. an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity
- it was presented without commercial breaks
- there was a gap in his account
Syn:
interruption, disruption, gap
Derivationally related forms:
disrupt (for: disruption), interrupt (for: interruption)
Hypernyms:
delay, holdup
Hyponyms:
cut-in, insert, interjection, interposition, interpolation,
interpellation, breaking off, abruption, heckling, barracking
14. a sudden dash
- he made a break for the open door
Hypernyms:
dash, sprint
Hyponyms:
fast break
15. any frame in which a bowler fails to make a strike or spare
- the break in the eighth frame cost him the match
Syn:
open frame
Hypernyms:
score
16. an escape from jail
- the breakout was carefully planned
Syn:
breakout, jailbreak, gaolbreak, prisonbreak, prison-breaking
Derivationally related forms:
break out (for: breakout)
Hypernyms:
escape, flight

II - verb
1. terminate (Freq. 15)
- She interrupted her pregnancy
- break a lucky streak
- break the cycle of poverty
Syn:
interrupt
Hypernyms:
end, terminate
Hyponyms:
hold on, stop, cut short, break short, break off,
freeze, suspend
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
2. become separated into pieces or fragments (Freq. 13)
- The figurine broke
- The freshly baked loaf fell apart
Syn:
separate, split up, fall apart, come apart
See Also:
break up
Derivationally related forms:
breakable
Hypernyms:
change integrity
Hyponyms:
burst, split, break open, puncture, bust,
smash, ladder, run, snap, crack, break up,
fragment, fragmentize, fragmentise, crush
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- The wooden sticks break
- These glasses break easily
3. render inoperable or ineffective (Freq. 9)
- You broke the alarm clock when you took it apart!
Derivationally related forms:
breakage
Hypernyms:
damage
Verb Group:
fail, go bad, give way, die, give out,
conk out, go, break down
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
4. ruin completely (Freq. 8)
- He busted my radio!
Syn:
bust
Ant:
repair
See Also:
bust up (for: bust), break up, break apart, break off, break down
Derivationally related forms:
bust (for: bust), buster (for: bust), breakable, breakage
Hypernyms:
destroy, ruin
Hyponyms:
break down
Verb Group:
wear, wear out, bust, fall apart
Cause:
wear, wear out, bust, fall apart
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
5. destroy the integrity of;
usually by force;
cause to separate into pieces or fragments (Freq. 8)
- He broke the glass plate
- She broke the match
Derivationally related forms:
breakable, breakage, breaker
Hypernyms:
separate, divide
Hyponyms:
shatter, fracture, break in, smash, dash
Verb Group:
separate, split up, fall apart, come apart
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
- The girls break the wooden sticks
6. act in disregard of laws, rules, contracts, or promises (Freq. 5)
- offend all laws of humanity
- violate the basic laws or human civilization
- break a law
- break a promise
Syn:
transgress, offend, infract, violate, go against, breach
Ant:
keep
Derivationally related forms:
breach (for: breach), violable (for: violate), violative (for: violate), violator (for: violate), infraction (for: infract), offensive (for: offend), offender (for: offend), offence (for: offend), transgression (for: transgress), transgressor (for: transgress), offense (for: offend)
Hypernyms:
disrespect
Hyponyms:
sin, transgress, trespass, drop the ball, blunder,
blunder, goof, conflict, run afoul, infringe,
contravene, intrude
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
7. move away or escape suddenly (Freq. 4)
- The horses broke from the stable
- Three inmates broke jail
- Nobody can break out--this prison is high security
Syn:
break out, break away
Derivationally related forms:
breakout (for: break out)
Hypernyms:
escape, get away, break loose
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
- Somebody ----s something
8. scatter or part (Freq. 4)
- The clouds broke after the heavy downpour
Hypernyms:
disperse, dissipate, scatter, spread out
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
9. force out or release suddenly and often violently something pent up (Freq. 4)
- break into tears
- erupt in anger
Syn:
burst, erupt
Hypernyms:
express emotion, express feelings
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s PP
10. prevent completion (Freq. 4)
- stop the project
- break off the negotiations
Syn:
break off, discontinue, stop
Derivationally related forms:
stop (for: stop), discontinuation (for: discontinue)
Hypernyms:
end, terminate
Hyponyms:
fracture, bog down, bog, interrupt, disrupt,
break up, cut off
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
11. enter someone's (virtual or real) property in an unauthorized manner, usually with the intent to steal or commit a violent act (Freq. 3)
- Someone broke in while I was on vacation
- They broke into my car and stole my radio!
- who broke into my account last night?
Syn:
break in
Derivationally related forms:
break-in (for: break in)
Hypernyms:
trespass, intrude
Hyponyms:
crack
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s PP
- Somebody ----s (for: break in)
12. make submissive, obedient, or useful (Freq. 3)
- The horse was tough to break
- I broke in the new intern
Syn:
break in
Hypernyms:
domesticate, domesticize, domesticise, reclaim, tame
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
13. fail to agree with;
be in violation of;
as of rules or patterns (Freq. 2)
- This sentence violates the rules of syntax
Syn:
violate, go against
Ant:
conform to (for: violate)
Derivationally related forms:
violable (for: violate), violative (for: violate), violation (for: violate)
Hyponyms:
fly in the face of, fly in the teeth of
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
14. surpass in excellence (Freq. 2)
- She bettered her own record
- break a record
Syn:
better
Derivationally related forms:
better (for: better)
Hypernyms:
surpass, outstrip, outmatch, outgo, exceed,
outdo, surmount, outperform
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
15. make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a secret (Freq. 2)
- The auction house would not disclose the price at which the van Gogh had sold
- The actress won't reveal how old she is
- bring out the truth
- he broke the news to her
- unwrap the evidence in the murder case
Syn:
unwrap, disclose, let on, bring out, reveal,
discover, expose, divulge, give away, let out
Derivationally related forms:
giveaway (for: give away), divulgement (for: divulge), divulgence (for: divulge), exposure (for: expose), expose (for: expose), discovery (for: discover), revelation (for: reveal), revealing (for: reveal), disclosure (for: disclose)
Hypernyms:
tell
Hyponyms:
blackwash, muckrake, blow, out, come out of the closet,
come out, spring, betray, bewray, confide, leak,
spill the beans, let the cat out of the bag, talk, tattle, blab, peach,
babble, sing, babble out, blab out, reveal
Verb Group:
get out, get around
Cause:
get out, get around
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
- Somebody ----s something to somebody
- Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
16. come into being (Freq. 2)
- light broke over the horizon
- Voices broke in the air
Hypernyms:
become, go, get
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
17. stop operating or functioning (Freq. 2)
- The engine finally went
- The car died on the road
- The bus we travelled in broke down on the way to town
- The coffee maker broke
- The engine failed on the way to town
- her eyesight went after the accident
Syn:
fail, go bad, give way, die, give out,
conk out, go, break down
Derivationally related forms:
breakdown (for: break down), breakable, failure (for: fail)
Hypernyms:
change
Hyponyms:
crash, go down, blow out, burn out, blow,
misfire, malfunction, misfunction
Verb Group:
die, decease, perish, go, exit,
pass away, expire, pass, kick the bucket, cash in one's chips, buy the farm,
buy the farm, give-up the ghost, drop dead, pop off, choke,
croak, snuff it
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- These cars won't break
18. interrupt a continued activity (Freq. 1)
- She had broken with the traditional patterns
Syn:
break away
Hypernyms:
separate, part, split up, split, break up
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
19. make a rupture in the ranks of the enemy or one's own by quitting or fleeing (Freq. 1)
- The ranks broke
Topics:
military, armed forces, armed services, military machine, war machine
Hypernyms:
flee, fly, take flight
Verb Group:
break out, break away
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
20. curl over and fall apart in surf or foam, of waves (Freq. 1)
- The surf broke
Derivationally related forms:
breaker
Hypernyms:
collapse, fall in, cave in, give, give way, founder
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
21. lessen in force or effect (Freq. 1)
- soften a shock
- break a fall
Syn:
dampen, damp, soften, weaken
Derivationally related forms:
weakener (for: weaken), damper (for: damp)
Hypernyms:
deaden, blunt
Hyponyms:
deafen, dampen, deaden, damp
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
22. be broken in (Freq. 1)
- If the new teacher won't break, we'll add some stress
Hypernyms:
change
Verb Group:
break in
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
23. come to an end
- The heat wave finally broke yesterday
Hypernyms:
end, stop, finish, terminate, cease
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
24. vary or interrupt a uniformity or continuity
- The flat plain was broken by tall mesas
Hypernyms:
change, alter, vary
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
25. cause to give up a habit
- She finally broke herself of smoking cigarettes
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
26. give up
- break cigarette smoking
Hypernyms:
discontinue, stop, cease, give up, quit, lay off
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
27. come forth or begin from a state of latency
- The first winter storm broke over New York
Hypernyms:
come forth, emerge
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
28. happen or take place
- Things have been breaking pretty well for us in the past few months
Usage Domain:
colloquialism
Hypernyms:
happen, hap, go on, pass off, occur,
pass, fall out, come about, take place
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
29. cause the failure or ruin of
- His peccadilloes finally broke his marriage
- This play will either make or break the playwright
Ant:
make
Hypernyms:
ruin
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
30. invalidate by judicial action
- The will was broken
Hypernyms:
invalidate, annul, quash, void, avoid, nullify
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
31. discontinue an association or relation;
go different ways
- The business partners broke over a tax question
- The couple separated after 25 years of marriage
- My friend and I split up
Syn:
separate, part, split up, split, break up
Derivationally related forms:
breakup (for: break up), split (for: split), separatist (for: separate), separation (for: separate)
Hyponyms:
give the axe, give the bounce, give the gate, disunify, break apart,
disassociate, dissociate, divorce, disunite, disjoint, break with,
split up, secede, splinter, break away
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
32. assign to a lower position;
reduce in rank
- She was demoted because she always speaks up
- He was broken down to Sergeant
Syn:
demote, bump, relegate, kick downstairs
Ant:
promote (for: demote)
See Also:
bump off (for: bump)
Derivationally related forms:
relegation (for: relegate), demotion (for: demote)
Hypernyms:
delegate, designate, depute, assign
Hyponyms:
sideline, reduce
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s something PP
33. reduce to bankruptcy
- My daughter's fancy wedding is going to break me!
- The slump in the financial markets smashed him
Syn:
bankrupt, ruin, smash
Derivationally related forms:
bankruptcy (for: bankrupt)
Hypernyms:
impoverish
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
34. change directions suddenly
Hypernyms:
switch, shift, change
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
35. emerge from the surface of a body of water
- The whales broke
Hypernyms:
appear
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
36. break down, literally or metaphorically
- The wall collapsed
- The business collapsed
- The dam broke
- The roof collapsed
- The wall gave in
- The roof finally gave under the weight of the ice
Syn:
collapse, fall in, cave in, give, give way, founder
Derivationally related forms:
cave in (for: cave in), collapse (for: collapse)
Hypernyms:
change
Hyponyms:
implode, go off, buckle, crumple, flop,
slump, slide down, sink
Verb Group:
abandon, give up, collapse, burst
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
37. do a break dance
- Kids were break-dancing at the street corner
Syn:
break dance, break-dance
Derivationally related forms:
break dance (for: break dance)
Hypernyms:
dance, trip the light fantastic, trip the light fantastic toe
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Sam and Sue break
38. exchange for smaller units of money
- I had to break a $100 bill just to buy the candy
Hypernyms:
change, exchange, commute, convert
Verb Group:
break up
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
39. destroy the completeness of a set of related items
- The book dealer would not break the set
Syn:
break up
Derivationally related forms:
breakable
Hypernyms:
change, alter, modify
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
40. make the opening shot that scatters the balls
Topics:
billiards
Hypernyms:
shoot
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
41. separate from a clinch, in boxing
- The referee broke the boxers
Hypernyms:
separate, disunite, divide, part
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
42. go to pieces
- The lawn mower finally broke
- The gears wore out
- The old chair finally fell apart completely
Syn:
wear, wear out, bust, fall apart
See Also:
wear away (for: wear), wear off (for: wear), break away, break off, break up, break apart
Derivationally related forms:
wear (for: wear), breakable
Hypernyms:
decay, crumble, dilapidate
Hyponyms:
fray, frazzle
Verb Group:
bust
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
43. break a piece from a whole
- break a branch from a tree
Syn:
break off, snap off
Derivationally related forms:
breakable, breakage, breaker
Hypernyms:
detach
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
44. become punctured or penetrated
- The skin broke
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
45. pierce or penetrate
- The blade broke her skin
Hypernyms:
penetrate, perforate
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
46. be released or become known;
of news
- News of her death broke in the morning
Syn:
get out, get around
Hyponyms:
leak, leak out
Verb Group:
unwrap, disclose, let on, bring out, reveal,
discover, expose, divulge, give away, let out
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
47. cease an action temporarily
- We pause for station identification
- let's break for lunch
Syn:
pause, intermit
Derivationally related forms:
intermission (for: intermit), pause (for: pause)
Hypernyms:
interrupt, disrupt, break up, cut off
Hyponyms:
rest, breathe, catch one's breath, take a breather, take five, take ten
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
48. interrupt the flow of current in
- break a circuit
Derivationally related forms:
breaker
Hypernyms:
interrupt, disrupt, break up, cut off
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
49. undergo breaking
- The simple vowels broke in many Germanic languages
Hypernyms:
diphthongize, diphthongise
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
50. find a flaw in
- break an alibi
- break down a proof
Hypernyms:
destroy, ruin
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
51. find the solution or key to
- break the code
Hypernyms:
solve, work out, figure out, puzzle out, lick, work
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
52. change suddenly from one tone quality or register to another
- Her voice broke to a whisper when she started to talk about her children
Hypernyms:
switch, shift, change
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
53. happen
- Report the news as it develops
- These political movements recrudesce from time to time
Syn:
recrudesce, develop
See Also:
break out, break through
Derivationally related forms:
development (for: develop), recrudescence (for: recrudesce)
Hypernyms:
happen, hap, go on, pass off, occur,
pass, fall out, come about, take place
Verb Group:
develop
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
54. become fractured;
break or crack on the surface only
- The glass cracked when it was heated
Syn:
crack, check
Derivationally related forms:
breakable, check (for: check)
Hypernyms:
change
Hyponyms:
crack
Verb Group:
check, chink, crack
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
55. crack;
of the male voice in puberty
- his voice is breaking--he should no longer sing in the choir
Hypernyms:
change state, turn
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
56. fall sharply
- stock prices broke
Hypernyms:
decrease, diminish, lessen, fall
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- The stock market is going to break
57. fracture a bone of
- I broke my foot while playing hockey
Syn:
fracture
Derivationally related forms:
fracture (for: fracture)
Hypernyms:
injure, wound
Verb Group:
fracture
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Did he break his foot?
58. diminish or discontinue abruptly
- The patient's fever broke last night
Hypernyms:
decrease, diminish, lessen, fall
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
59. weaken or destroy in spirit or body
- His resistance was broken
- a man broken by the terrible experience of near-death
Hypernyms:
weaken
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s somebody

▼ Từ liên quan / Related words
Related search result for "break"

Giới thiệu VNDIC.net | Plugin từ diển cho Firefox | Từ điển cho Toolbar IE | Tra cứu nhanh cho IE | Vndic bookmarklet | Học từ vựng | Vndic trên web của bạn

© Copyright 2006-2017 VNDIC.NET & VDICT.CO all rights reserved.