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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
ruin



I - noun
1. an irrecoverable state of devastation and destruction (Freq. 3)
- you have brought ruin on this entire family
Syn:
ruination
Derivationally related forms:
ruin (for: ruination), ruinous
Hypernyms:
devastation, desolation
2. a ruined building (Freq. 2)
- they explored several Roman ruins
Hypernyms:
building, edifice
3. the process of becoming dilapidated
Syn:
dilapidation
Derivationally related forms:
dilapidate (for: dilapidation)
Hypernyms:
decay
4. destruction achieved by causing something to be wrecked or ruined
Syn:
laying waste, ruining, ruination, wrecking
Derivationally related forms:
wreck (for: wrecking), ruin (for: ruination), ruin (for: ruining)
Hypernyms:
destruction, devastation
5. failure that results in a loss of position or reputation
Syn:
downfall, ruination
Hypernyms:
failure
Hyponyms:
finish
6. an event that results in destruction
Syn:
ruination
Derivationally related forms:
ruinous
Hypernyms:
destruction, demolition, wipeout
Hyponyms:
devastation, desolation, shipwreck

II - verb
1. destroy completely;
damage irreparably (Freq. 4)
- You have ruined my car by pouring sugar in the tank!
- The tears ruined her make-up
Syn:
destroy
Derivationally related forms:
ruination, ruiner, ruining, destructible (for: destroy), destruction (for: destroy), destroyer (for: destroy)
Hyponyms:
burn, fire, burn down, lay waste to, waste,
devastate, desolate, ravage, scourge, harry, break,
bust, vandalize, vandalise, do a job on, subvert, get,
devour, rape, spoil, despoil, violate, plunder,
explode, consume, shipwreck, bust up, wreck, wrack,
kick in, kick down, wash out
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
2. destroy or cause to fail
- This behavior will ruin your chances of winning the election
Derivationally related forms:
ruiner
Hypernyms:
thwart, queer, spoil, scotch, foil,
cross, frustrate, baffle, bilk
Hyponyms:
undo, break, shipwreck
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
3. reduce to bankruptcy
- My daughter's fancy wedding is going to break me!
- The slump in the financial markets smashed him
Syn:
bankrupt, break, smash
Derivationally related forms:
bankruptcy (for: bankrupt)
Hypernyms:
impoverish
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
4. reduce to ruins
- The country lay ruined after the war
Derivationally related forms:
ruination, ruiner, ruining
Hypernyms:
lay waste to, waste, devastate, desolate, ravage, scourge
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
5. deprive of virginity
- This dirty old man deflowered several young girls in the village
Syn:
deflower
Derivationally related forms:
defloration (for: deflower)
Hypernyms:
copulate, mate, pair, couple
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
6. fall into ruin
Hypernyms:
decay, crumble, dilapidate
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s

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