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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
waste



I - noun
1. any materials unused and rejected as worthless or unwanted (Freq. 5)
- they collect the waste once a week
- much of the waste material is carried off in the sewers
Syn:
waste material, waste matter, waste product
Hypernyms:
material, stuff
Hyponyms:
impurity, dross, exhaust, exhaust fumes, fumes,
body waste, excretion, excreta, excrement, excretory product, filth,
crud, skank, sewage, sewerage, effluent, wastewater,
sewer water, garbage, refuse, food waste, scraps, pollutant,
rubbish, trash, scrap, slop, toxic waste, toxic industrial waste
2. useless or profitless activity;
using or expending or consuming thoughtlessly or carelessly (Freq. 4)
- if the effort brings no compensating gain it is a waste
- mindless dissipation of natural resources
Syn:
wastefulness, dissipation
Derivationally related forms:
dissipate (for: dissipation), wasteful (for: wastefulness)
Hypernyms:
activity
Hyponyms:
boondoggle, waste of effort, waste of energy, waste of material, waste of money,
waste of money, extravagance, prodigality, lavishness, highlife,
high life, squandering
3. the trait of wasting resources (Freq. 1)
- a life characterized by thriftlessness and waste
- the wastefulness of missed opportunities
Syn:
thriftlessness, wastefulness
Derivationally related forms:
wasteful (for: wastefulness), thriftless (for: thriftlessness)
Hypernyms:
improvidence, shortsightedness
4. (law) reduction in the value of an estate caused by act or neglect
Syn:
permissive waste
Topics:
law, jurisprudence
Hypernyms:
act, deed, human action, human activity
5. an uninhabited wilderness that is worthless for cultivation
- the barrens of central Africa
- the trackless wastes of the desert
Syn:
barren, wasteland
Derivationally related forms:
barren (for: barren)
Hypernyms:
wilderness, wild
Hyponyms:
heath, heathland

II - verb
1. spend thoughtlessly;
throw away (Freq. 10)
- He wasted his inheritance on his insincere friends
- You squandered the opportunity to get and advanced degree
Syn:
blow, squander
Ant:
conserve
Derivationally related forms:
squanderer (for: squander), waster
Hypernyms:
use, expend
Hyponyms:
burn
Verb Group:
blow
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
2. use inefficiently or inappropriately (Freq. 8)
- waste heat
- waste a joke on an unappreciative audience
Hypernyms:
use, utilize, utilise, apply, employ
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
3. get rid of
- We waste the dirty water by channeling it into the sewer
Hypernyms:
discard, fling, toss, toss out, toss away,
chuck out, cast aside, dispose, throw out, cast out, throw away,
cast away, put away
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
4. get rid of (someone who may be a threat) by killing
- The mafia liquidated the informer
- the double agent was neutralized
Syn:
neutralize, neutralise, liquidate, knock off, do in
Derivationally related forms:
liquidation (for: liquidate), liquidator (for: liquidate)
Hypernyms:
kill
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- They want to waste the prisoners
5. cause to grow thin or weak
- The treatment emaciated him
Syn:
emaciate, macerate
Derivationally related forms:
maceration (for: macerate), emaciation (for: emaciate), wastage, wasting
Hypernyms:
enfeeble, debilitate, drain
Cause:
emaciate
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s somebody
6. cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly
- The enemy lay waste to the countryside after the invasion
Syn:
lay waste to, devastate, desolate, ravage, scourge
Derivationally related forms:
scourge (for: scourge), ravage (for: ravage), ravaging (for: ravage), desolation (for: desolate), devastation (for: devastate), waster
Hypernyms:
destroy, ruin
Hyponyms:
ruin
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
7. become physically weaker
- Political prisoners are wasting away in many prisons all over the world
Syn:
rot
Derivationally related forms:
wastage
Hypernyms:
devolve, deteriorate, drop, degenerate
Hyponyms:
necrose, gangrene, mortify, sphacelate
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
8. run off as waste
- The water wastes back into the ocean
Syn:
run off
Derivationally related forms:
runoff (for: run off)
Hypernyms:
run, flow, feed, course
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
9. spend extravagantly
- waste not, want not
Syn:
consume, squander, ware
Derivationally related forms:
waster, squanderer (for: squander), squandering (for: squander)
Hypernyms:
spend, expend, drop
Hyponyms:
fritter, frivol away, dissipate, shoot, fritter away,
fool, fool away, luxuriate, wanton, lavish, shower,
overspend, splurge, fling
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s
10. lose vigor, health, or flesh, as through grief
- After her husband died, she just pined away
Syn:
pine away, languish
Derivationally related forms:
languisher (for: languish), wastage
Hypernyms:
weaken
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s

III - adjective
located in a dismal or remote area;
desolate
- a desert island
- a godforsaken wilderness crossroads
- a wild stretch of land
- waste places
Syn:
godforsaken, wild
Similar to:
inhospitable
Derivationally related forms:
wild (for: wild), wilderness (for: wild)

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