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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
law



noun
1. the collection of rules imposed by authority (Freq. 50)
- civilization presupposes respect for the law
- the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order
Syn:
jurisprudence
Derivationally related forms:
jurist (for: jurisprudence)
Members of this Topic:
adjective, procedural, substantive, essential, alienable,
undue, alterable, unalterable, incompetent, unqualified, consensual,
revertible, fungible, ancestral, hereditary, patrimonial, transmissible,
intra vires, ultra vires, major, minor, nonaged, underage,
covert, moot, testate, intestate, null, void,
evidentiary, appellate, appellant, residuary, reversionary, therefor,
scienter, impoundment, impounding, internment, poundage, award,
awarding, appointment, remission, remitment, remit, novation,
subrogation, disbarment, chance-medley, derogation, recission, rescission,
abatement of a nuisance, nuisance abatement, production, practice of law, law practice, tort,
civil wrong, delinquency, juvenile delinquency, comparative negligence, concurrent negligence, contributory negligence,
criminal negligence, culpable negligence, neglect of duty, barratry, champerty, maintenance,
criminal maintenance, false pretense, false pretence, resisting arrest, sedition, sexual assault,
sexual abuse, sex crime, sex offense, kidnapping, snatch, actual possession,
constructive possession, criminal possession, intervention, objection, recusation, filibuster,
debarment, recusal, alienation, legislation, legislating, lawmaking,
trust busting, enactment, passage, law enforcement, legal duty, false imprisonment,
imprisonment, commutation, re-sentencing, contempt, contempt of Congress, contempt of court,
civil contempt, contumacy, criminal contempt, obstruction of justice, due process, due process of law,
legal action, action, action at law, lawsuit, suit, case,
cause, causa, civil suit, class action, class-action suit, countersuit,
criminal suit, paternity suit, bastardy proceeding, antitrust case, counterclaim, custody case,
lis pendens, proceeding, legal proceeding, proceedings, adoption, appeal,
reversal, affirmation, bankruptcy, receivership, litigation, judicial proceeding,
custody battle, vexatious litigation, presentment, notification, naturalization, naturalisation,
judgment, judgement, judicial decision, confession of judgment, confession of judgement, cognovit judgment,
cognovit judgement, default judgment, default judgement, judgment by default, judgement by default, non prosequitur,
non pros, final judgment, final decision, judgment in personam, judgement in personam, personal judgment,
personal judgement, judgment in rem, judgement in rem, judgment of dismissal, judgement of dismissal, dismissal,
judgment on the merits, judgement on the merits, summary judgment, summary judgement, judgment on the pleadings, judgement on the pleadings,
opinion, ruling, Bakke decision, finding, verdict, finding of fact,
finding of law, conclusion of law, compromise verdict, directed verdict, false verdict, general verdict,
quotient verdict, special verdict, acquittal, murder conviction, rape conviction, robbery conviction,
eviction, dispossession, legal ouster, ouster, actual eviction, constructive eviction,
retaliatory eviction, legalization, legalisation, legitimation, trial, Scopes trial,
review, judicial review, plea, double jeopardy, prosecution, criminal prosecution,
test case, test suit, defense, defence, denial, demurrer,
entrapment, mistrial, retrial, hearing, administrative hearing, competence hearing,
fair hearing, quo warranto, divorce, divorcement, legal separation, separation,
condemnation, drug war, annulment, invalidation, dissolution of marriage, amnesty,
pardon, free pardon, spoliation, waste, permissive waste, parole,
probation, reprieve, respite, bar, bench, court,
courtroom, courthouse, dock, messuage, color of law, colour of law,
effect, force, infection, advowson, human right, easement,
privilege, entitlement, civil right, civil liberty, habeas corpus, freedom of religion,
freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, freedom to bear arms, freedom from search and seizure, right to due process,
freedom from self-incrimination, privilege against self incrimination, freedom from double jeopardy, right to speedy and public trial by jury, right to an attorney, right to confront accusors,
freedom from cruel and unusual punishment, freedom from involuntary servitude, equal protection of the laws, right to vote, vote, suffrage,
freedom from discrimination, equal opportunity, eminent domain, franchise, enfranchisement, patent right,
right of election, right of entry, right of re-entry, right of offset, right of privacy, use,
enjoyment, usufruct, visitation right, legal power, jurisdiction, venter,
presumption, rationale, principle, mens rea, malice aforethought, premeditation,
mitigating circumstance, probable cause, nuisance, legal system, bail, jury system,
patent system, tax system, voting system, electoral system, legal principle, judicial principle,
judicial doctrine, jus sanguinis, jus soli, preemption, pre-emption, relation back,
relation, assumed name, fictitious name, Doing Business As, DBA, summation,
summing up, rundown, legal document, legal instrument, official document, instrument,
derivative instrument, derivative, negotiable instrument, docket, passport, ship's papers,
manifest, transcript, copy, joint resolution, debenture, power of attorney,
letters of administration, letters testamentary, act, anti-drug law, anti-racketeering law, Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act,
RICO Act, RICO, antitrust legislation, antitrust law, statute of limitations, fundamental law,
organic law, constitution, United States Constitution, U.S. Constitution, US Constitution, Constitution,
Constitution of the United States, public law, statute law, enabling legislation, occupational safety and health act, federal job safety law,
advice and consent, statute book, bill, measure, appropriation bill, bill of attainder,
bottle bill, farm bill, trade bill, blue law, blue sky law, gag law,
game law, homestead law, poor law, Riot Act, criminal law, court order,
decree, edict, fiat, order, rescript, consent decree,
curfew, decree nisi, divestiture, judicial separation, prohibition, stay,
stay of execution, injunction, enjoining, enjoinment, cease and desist order, mandatory injunction,
permanent injunction, final injunction, temporary injunction, interlocutory injunction, brief, legal brief,
amicus curiae brief, will, testament, probate, probate will, codicil,
living will, deed, deed of conveyance, title, assignment, bill of sale,
deed poll, enfeoffment, mortgage deed, title deed, trust deed, deed of trust,
conveyance, quitclaim, quitclaim deed, muniments, warrant, search warrant,
bench warrant, arrest warrant, death warrant, cachet, lettre de cachet, license,
licence, permit, patent, letters patent, legal opinion, concurring opinion,
dissenting opinion, majority opinion, acquittance, release, writ, judicial writ,
assize, certiorari, writ of certiorari, execution, writ of execution, execution of instrument,
writ of habeas corpus, venire facias, mandamus, writ of mandamus, attachment, fieri facias,
scire facias, sequestration, writ of detinue, writ of election, writ of error, writ of prohibition,
writ of right, mandate, authorization, authorisation, summons, process,
subpoena, subpoena ad testificandum, subpoena duces tecum, gag order, garnishment, interdict,
interdiction, citation, monition, process of monition, ticket, bill of Particulars,
pleading, affirmative pleading, alternative pleading, pleading in the alternative, answer, evasive answer,
counterplea, dilatory plea, libel, defective pleading, rebutter, rebuttal,
replication, rejoinder, special pleading, surrebutter, surrebuttal, surrejoinder,
plea bargain, plea bargaining, legislative act, statute, enabling act, enabling clause,
ordinance, special act, rule of evidence, legal code, penal code, United States Code,
U. S. Code, building code, fire code, sanitary code, health code, specification,
connivance, secret approval, tacit consent, Bill of Rights, First Amendment, Fifth Amendment,
Fourteenth Amendment, Eighteenth Amendment, Nineteenth Amendment, cause of action, submission, evidence,
testimony, corpus delicti, direct evidence, res gestae, circumstantial evidence, indirect evidence,
corroborating evidence, hearsay evidence, state's evidence, declaration, attestation, affidavit,
verification, subornation, alibi, caveat, jactitation, obiter dictum,
dictum, written agreement, question of law, matter of law, sidebar, pretrial,
pretrial conference, arbitration, deposition, cross-examination, direct examination, redirect examination,
reexamination, disclaimer, demur, demurral, dissent, discovery,
stipulation, judicial admission, allegation, subornation of perjury, combination in restraint of trade, law firm,
Conservative Judaism, legal profession, legal community, Department of Justice, Justice Department, Justice,
DoJ, Bureau of Justice Assistance, BJA, Federal Bureau of Investigation, FBI, circuit court of appeals,
circuit, military court, moot court, night court, provost court, police court,
probate court, quarter sessions, superior court, Supreme Court, Supreme Court of the United States, United States Supreme Court,
supreme court, state supreme court, high court, traffic court, trial court, judicial branch,
panel, venire, grand jury, hung jury, petit jury, petty jury,
special jury, blue ribbon jury, administrative law, civil law, common law, case law,
precedent, international law, law of nations, maritime law, marine law, admiralty law,
law of the land, martial law, mercantile law, commercial law, law merchant, military law,
statutory law, securities law, tax law, domicile, legal residence, defendant,
suspect, advocate, counsel, counselor, counsellor, counselor-at-law,
pleader, amicus curiae, friend of the court, assignee, assignor, attorney general,
barrister, chief justice, contractor, conveyancer, client, defense attorney,
defense lawyer, divorce lawyer, filer, intervenor, Jane Doe, John Doe,
judge advocate general, jurist, legal expert, justice of the peace, lawgiver, lawmaker,
lawyer, attorney, legal representative, legislator, liquidator, receiver,
litigant, litigator, next friend, notary, notary public, ordinary,
owner, proprietor, paralegal, legal assistant, party, plaintiff,
complainant, prevailing party, promulgator, prosecutor, public prosecutor, prosecuting officer,
prosecuting attorney, public defender, referee, reversioner, Richard Roe, trustor,
settlor, solicitor, transferee, transferor, trial attorney, trial lawyer,
trial judge, trier, trustee, legal guardian, uxor, ux.,
vouchee, witness, attestant, attestor, attestator, life estate,
estate for life, grant, inheritance, heritage, accretion, bequest,
legacy, devise, jointure, legal jointure, heirloom, interest,
stake, vested interest, relief, actual damages, compensatory damages, general damages,
nominal damages, punitive damages, exemplary damages, smart money, legal fee, reversion,
escheat, satisfaction, recognizance, recognisance, record, legal relation,
fiduciary relation, bank-depositor relation, confidential adviser-advisee relation, conservator-ward relation, director-stockholder relation, executor-heir relation,
lawyer-client relation, attorney-client relation, partner relation, receiver-creditor relation, trustee-beneficiary relation, legal status,
civil death, citizenship, marital status, marriage, matrimony, union,
spousal relationship, wedlock, bigamy, civil union, common-law marriage, rule of law,
legal representation, diplomatic immunity, limitation, republish, attorn, prove,
recuse, filiate, charge, plead, plea-bargain, re-examine,
challenge, take exception, get off, extenuate, palliate, mitigate,
convict, reconvict, sentence, condemn, doom, capacitate,
file, register, verify, testify, attest, take the stand,
bear witness, show, give, stultify, convey, render,
submit, prefer, bail out, imprison, incarcerate, lag,
immure, put behind bars, jail, jug, gaol, put away,
remand, bind over, aggrieve
Hypernyms:
collection, aggregation, accumulation, assemblage
Hyponyms:
administrative law, canon law, ecclesiastical law, civil law, common law,
case law, precedent, international law, law of nations, law of the land, martial law,
mercantile law, commercial law, law merchant, military law, Mosaic law, Law of Moses,
shariah, shariah law, sharia, sharia law, Islamic law, statutory law,
securities law, tax law
2. legal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity (Freq. 24)
- there is a law against kidnapping
Topics:
jurisprudence
Hypernyms:
legal document, legal instrument, official document, instrument
Hyponyms:
anti-drug law, anti-racketeering law, Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, RICO Act, RICO,
antitrust legislation, antitrust law, statute of limitations, fundamental law, organic law, constitution,
public law, blue law, blue sky law, gag law, homestead law, poor law,
Riot Act, prohibition
Part Holonyms:
jurisprudence
3. a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society (Freq. 11)
Syn:
natural law
Hypernyms:
concept, conception, construct
Hyponyms:
divine law, principle, sound law
4. a generalization that describes recurring facts or events in nature (Freq. 5)
- the laws of thermodynamics
Syn:
law of nature
Hypernyms:
concept, conception, construct
Hyponyms:
all-or-none law, principle, rule, Archimedes' principle, law of Archimedes,
Avogadro's law, Avogadro's hypothesis, Bernoulli's law, law of large numbers, Benford's law, Bose-Einstein statistics,
Boyle's law, Mariotte's law, Coulomb's Law, Dalton's law, Dalton's law of partial pressures, law of partial pressures,
distribution law, equilibrium law, law of chemical equilibrium, Fechner's law, Weber-Fechner law, Fermi-Dirac statistics,
Gay-Lussac's law, Charles's law, law of volumes, Henry's law, Hooke's law, Hubble's law,
Hubble law, Kepler's law, Kepler's law of planetary motion, Kirchhoff's laws, law of averages, law of constant proportion,
law of definite proportions, law of diminishing returns, law of effect, law of equivalent proportions, law of reciprocal proportions, law of gravitation,
Newton's law of gravitation, law of multiple proportions, law of mass action, law of thermodynamics, Mendel's law, Newton's law of motion,
Newton's law, law of motion, Ohm's law, Pascal's law, Pascal's law of fluid pressures, Pauli exclusion principle,
exclusion principle, periodic law, Mendeleev's law, Planck's law, Planck's radiation law, principle of relativity,
Stevens' law, power law, Stevens' power law, Weber's law
Part Holonyms:
theory
5. the branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do (Freq. 3)
Syn:
jurisprudence, legal philosophy
Derivationally related forms:
jurisprudential (for: jurisprudence), jurist (for: jurisprudence)
Hypernyms:
philosophy
Hyponyms:
contract law, corporation law, matrimonial law, patent law
6. the learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system (Freq. 2)
- he studied law at Yale
Syn:
practice of law
Derivationally related forms:
lawyer
Topics:
jurisprudence
Members of this Topic:
traverse, deny, disbar
Hypernyms:
learned profession
7. the force of policemen and officers (Freq. 1)
- the law came looking for him
Syn:
police, police force, constabulary
Derivationally related forms:
police (for: police)
Hypernyms:
force, personnel, law enforcement agency
Hyponyms:
Europol, European Law Enforcement Organisation, gendarmerie, gendarmery, Mutawa'een,
Mutawa, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, RCMP, Mounties, Scotland Yard, New Scotland Yard,
secret police, Schutzstaffel, SS, posse, posse comitatus
Member Meronyms:
policeman, police officer, officer

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