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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
act



I - noun
1. a legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body (Freq. 35)
Syn:
enactment
Topics:
law, jurisprudence
Hypernyms:
legal document, legal instrument, official document, instrument
Hyponyms:
nullity, decree, edict, fiat, order,
rescript, legislative act, statute
2. something that people do or cause to happen (Freq. 24)
Syn:
deed, human action, human activity
Derivationally related forms:
actuate
Hypernyms:
event
Hyponyms:
action, acquiring, getting, causing, causation,
delivery, obstetrical delivery, departure, going, going away, leaving,
discovery, find, uncovering, disposal, disposition, implementation,
effectuation, egress, egression, emergence, equalization, equalisation,
leveling, exhumation, disinterment, digging up, mitzvah, mitsvah,
propulsion, actuation, recovery, retrieval, running away, touch,
touching, nonaccomplishment, nonachievement, leaning, motivation, motivating,
assumption, rejection, forfeit, forfeiture, sacrifice, derivation,
activity, hire, wear, wearing, judgment, judgement,
assessment, production, stay, residency, residence, abidance,
inactivity, hindrance, hinderance, interference, stop, stoppage,
group action, distribution, legitimation, waste, permissive waste, proclamation,
promulgation, communication, communicating, speech act
3. a subdivision of a play or opera or ballet (Freq. 9)
Hypernyms:
dramatic composition, dramatic work
Part Holonyms:
play, drama, dramatic play, opera, ballet, concert dance
Part Meronyms:
scene
4. a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program (Freq. 3)
- he did his act three times every evening
- she had a catchy little routine
- it was one of the best numbers he ever did
Syn:
routine, number, turn, bit
Hypernyms:
performance, public presentation
Hyponyms:
show-stopper, showstopper, stopper
5. a manifestation of insincerity
- he put on quite an act for her benefit
Hypernyms:
expression, manifestation, reflection, reflexion

II - verb
1. perform an action, or work out or perform (an action) (Freq. 35)
- think before you act
- We must move quickly
- The governor should act on the new energy bill
- The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel
Syn:
move
Ant:
refrain
See Also:
act on, act up, act upon
Derivationally related forms:
move (for: move), action
Hyponyms:
alternate, take turns, finish up, land up, fetch up,
end up, wind up, finish, rush, hasten, hurry,
look sharp, festinate, interrupt, disturb, react, respond,
go ahead, plow ahead, attack, aggress, force, create,
come to the fore, step forward, come forward, step up, step to the fore, come out,
reward, repay, pay back, satisfice, satisfise, maneuver,
manoeuver, manoeuvre, dispatch, evade, race, use,
play it by ear, play, deal, partner, exert, egotrip,
reciprocate, go, proceed, move, come close, perform,
make bold, dare, presume, prosecute, engage, pursue,
act on, interact, oppose, take time by the forelock, coact, volunteer,
offer, get around to, dally, toy, flirt, set about,
go about, approach, participate, take part, misbehave, misconduct,
misdemean, condescend, stoop, lower oneself, behave, acquit,
bear, deport, conduct, comport, carry, try,
seek, attempt, essay, assay, woo, court,
romance, solicit, effect, antagonize, antagonise, counteract,
anticipate, foresee, forestall, counter, perpetrate, commit,
pull, rampage, cope, get by, make out, make do,
contend, grapple, manage, deign, descend, take care,
lord it over, queen it over, put on airs, act superior, stampede, make a point,
make sure, repeat, take over, surprise, sneak, take,
guard, begin, start, go off half-cocked, go off at half-cock, wait,
hold off, hold back, continue, go on, go along, keep,
do well, had best, persist in
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
2. behave in a certain manner;
show a certain behavior;
conduct or comport oneself (Freq. 22)
- You should act like an adult
- Don't behave like a fool
- What makes her do this way?
- The dog acts ferocious, but he is really afraid of people
Syn:
behave, do
See Also:
act up
Hyponyms:
act involuntarily, act reflexively, fall over backwards, bend over backwards, presume,
vulgarize, vulgarise, optimize, optimise, quack, menace,
make, swagger, bluster, swash, freeze, wanton,
romanticize, sentimentalise, sentimentalize, sentimentize, sentimentise, bungle,
play, toy, act as, stooge, joke, jest,
piffle, make as if, break down, lose it, snap, dally,
dawdle, backslap, hugger mugger, sauce, footle, frivol,
trifle, swell, puff up, follow, relax, loosen up,
ramp, rage, storm
Verb Group:
play, act as, dissemble, pretend
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s Adjective
3. play a role or part (Freq. 7)
- Gielgud played Hamlet
- She wants to act Lady Macbeth, but she is too young for the role
- She played the servant to her husband's master
Syn:
play, represent
Derivationally related forms:
representation (for: represent), play (for: play), player (for: play), playing (for: play), actable, actor, acting
Topics:
performing arts
Hypernyms:
re-create
Hyponyms:
make, pretend, make believe, support, enact,
reenact, act out, impersonate, portray, parody, emote
Verb Group:
play, act as, roleplay, playact
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
4. discharge one's duties (Freq. 4)
- She acts as the chair
- In what capacity are you acting?
Derivationally related forms:
actor
Hypernyms:
serve
Hyponyms:
criticize, criticise, bank
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s PP
5. pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind (Freq. 1)
- He acted the idiot
- She plays deaf when the news are bad
Syn:
play, act as
Hypernyms:
behave, do
Verb Group:
behave, do, play, represent
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
6. be suitable for theatrical performance
- This scene acts well
Derivationally related forms:
actable, acting
Hypernyms:
be
Verb Group:
play, roleplay, playact
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s Adjective/Noun
7. have an effect or outcome;
often the one desired or expected
- The voting process doesn't work as well as people thought
- How does your idea work in practice?
- This method doesn't work
- The breaks of my new car act quickly
- The medicine works only if you take it with a lot of water
Syn:
work
Derivationally related forms:
workable (for: work), work (for: work)
Hypernyms:
succeed, win, come through, bring home the bacon, deliver the goods
Verb Group:
bring, work, play, wreak, make for
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
8. be engaged in an activity, often for no particular purpose other than pleasure
Derivationally related forms:
action
Hyponyms:
play, drive around, walk around
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
9. behave unnaturally or affectedly
- She's just acting
Syn:
dissemble, pretend
Derivationally related forms:
pretender (for: pretend)
Hyponyms:
simulate, assume, sham, feign
Verb Group:
behave, do
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
10. perform on a stage or theater
- She acts in this play
- He acted in 'Julius Caesar'
- I played in 'A Christmas Carol'
Syn:
play, roleplay, playact
Derivationally related forms:
playactor (for: playact), playacting (for: playact), roleplaying (for: roleplay), play (for: play), player (for: play), playing (for: play), actable, actor, acting
Topics:
dramaturgy, dramatic art, dramatics, theater, theatre
Hypernyms:
perform
Hyponyms:
stooge, mime, pantomime, overact, ham it up,
ham, overplay, underact, underplay
Verb Group:
play, represent
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s

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