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I - noun
1. the posterior part of a human (or animal) body from the neck to the end of the spine (Freq. 53)
- his back was nicely tanned
Syn:
dorsum
Derivationally related forms:
dorsal (for: dorsum)
Hypernyms:
body part
Part Holonyms:
torso, trunk, body
Part Meronyms:
saddle, small, latissimus dorsi, lat, thoracic vertebra,
dorsal vertebra, lumbar vertebra
2. the side that goes last or is not normally seen (Freq. 12)
- he wrote the date on the back of the photograph
Syn:
rear
Ant:
front (for: rear)
Derivationally related forms:
rear (for: rear)
Hypernyms:
side
Hyponyms:
stern, after part, quarter, poop, tail,
tail assembly, empennage
3. the part of something that is furthest from the normal viewer (Freq. 4)
- he stood at the back of the stage
- it was hidden in the rear of the store
Syn:
rear
Ant:
front
Derivationally related forms:
rear (for: rear)
Hypernyms:
position, place
4. (football) a person who plays in the backfield
Topics:
football, football game
Hypernyms:
football player, footballer
Hyponyms:
flanker back, flanker, quarterback, signal caller, field general,
running back, tailback, wingback
5. the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord
- the fall broke his back
Syn:
spinal column, vertebral column, spine, backbone, rachis
Derivationally related forms:
spinal (for: spine)
Hypernyms:
skeletal structure
Hyponyms:
notochord, chine
Part Holonyms:
axial skeleton
Part Meronyms:
spinal canal, vertebral canal, canalis vertebralis, coccyx, tail bone,
vertebra, intervertebral disc, intervertebral disk
6. the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book
- the book had a leather binding
Syn:
binding, book binding, cover
Derivationally related forms:
cover (for: cover), bind (for: binding)
Hypernyms:
protective covering, protective cover, protection
Hyponyms:
half binding, three-quarter binding
Part Holonyms:
book, volume
7. the part of a garment that covers the back of your body
- they pinned a 'kick me' sign on his back
Hypernyms:
cloth covering
8. a support that you can lean against while sitting
- the back of the dental chair was adjustable
Syn:
backrest
Hypernyms:
support
Hyponyms:
cantle, ladder-back
Part Holonyms:
chair, car seat
9. (American football) the position of a player on a football team who is stationed behind the line of scrimmage
Topics:
American football, American football game
Hypernyms:
position
Hyponyms:
linebacker, line backer, quarterback, signal caller, field general,
fullback, halfback, tailback, wingback
Member Holonyms:
backfield, secondary

II - verb
1. be behind;
approve of (Freq. 7)
- He plumped for the Labor Party
- I backed Kennedy in 1960
Syn:
endorse, indorse, plump for, plunk for, support
Derivationally related forms:
supportive (for: support), support (for: support), supporter (for: support), indorsement (for: indorse), endorsement (for: endorse), endorser (for: endorse), backing
Hypernyms:
approve, O.K., okay, sanction
Hyponyms:
guarantee, warrant, champion, defend
Verb Group:
second, endorse, indorse
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
2. travel backward (Freq. 6)
- back into the driveway
- The car backed up and hit the tree
See Also:
back up, back off, back down, back out
Hypernyms:
travel, go, move, locomote
Hyponyms:
back out
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
3. give support or one's approval to (Freq. 4)
- I'll second that motion
- I can't back this plan
- endorse a new project
Syn:
second, endorse, indorse
Derivationally related forms:
indorser (for: indorse), indorsement (for: indorse), endorsement (for: endorse), endorser (for: endorse), backing, second (for: second), secondment (for: second), seconder (for: second)
Hypernyms:
support, back up
Verb Group:
endorse, indorse, plump for, plunk for, support
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
4. cause to travel backward (Freq. 4)
- back the car into the parking spot
Ant:
advance
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
- Somebody ----s something PP
5. support financial backing for (Freq. 2)
- back this enterprise
Derivationally related forms:
backer, backing
Hypernyms:
finance
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Sam and Sue back the movie
6. be in back of
- My garage backs their yard
Ant:
front
Hypernyms:
lie
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
7. place a bet on
- Which horse are you backing?
- I'm betting on the new horse
Syn:
bet on, gage, stake, game, punt
Derivationally related forms:
punter (for: punt), gaming (for: game), stake (for: stake)
Hypernyms:
bet, wager, play
Hyponyms:
ante, parlay, double up
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s on something
8. shift to a counterclockwise direction
- the wind backed
Ant:
veer
Hypernyms:
switch, change over, shift
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
9. establish as valid or genuine
- Can you back up your claims?
Syn:
back up
Hypernyms:
confirm, corroborate, sustain, substantiate, support, affirm
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
10. strengthen by providing with a back or backing
Derivationally related forms:
backing
Hypernyms:
strengthen
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something

III - adjective
1. related to or located at the back (Freq. 15)
- the back yard
- the back entrance
Ant:
front
Similar to:
backmost, hindermost, hindmost, rearmost, rear, rearward
See Also:
aft, posterior
2. located at or near the back of an animal (Freq. 1)
- back (or hind) legs
- the hinder part of a carcass
Syn:
hind, hinder
Similar to:
posterior
3. of an earlier date
- back issues of the magazine
Similar to:
noncurrent

IV - adverb
1. in or to or toward a former location (Freq. 91)
- she went back to her parents' house
2. at or to or toward the back or rear (Freq. 36)
- he moved back
- tripped when he stepped backward
- she looked rearward out the window of the car
Syn:
backward, backwards, rearward, rearwards
Ant:
forward (for: backward)
3. in or to or toward an original condition (Freq. 24)
- he went back to sleep
4. in or to or toward a past time (Freq. 15)
- set the clocks back an hour
- never look back
- lovers of the past looking fondly backward
Syn:
backward
Ant:
forward (for: backward), ahead
5. in reply (Freq. 14)
- he wrote back three days later
6. in repayment or retaliation (Freq. 1)
- we paid back everything we had borrowed
- he hit me and I hit him back
- I was kept in after school for talking back to the teacher

▼ Từ liên quan / Related words
Related search result for "back"

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