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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
strain



I - noun
1. (physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces (Freq. 5)
Topics:
physics, natural philosophy
Hypernyms:
deformation
Hyponyms:
overstrain
2. difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension (Freq. 3)
- she endured the stresses and strains of life
- "he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"- R.J.Samuelson
Syn:
stress
Derivationally related forms:
stress (for: stress)
Hypernyms:
difficulty
3. a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence (Freq. 3)
- she was humming an air from Beethoven
Syn:
tune, melody, air, melodic line, line, melodic phrase
Derivationally related forms:
melodious (for: melody), melodize (for: melody)
Hypernyms:
music
Hyponyms:
flourish, fanfare, tucket, glissando, roulade,
leitmotiv, leitmotif, theme song, signature, signature tune, theme,
melodic theme, musical theme, idea, part, voice
Part Meronyms:
phrase, musical phrase
4. (psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress (Freq. 2)
- his responsibilities were a constant strain
- the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him
Syn:
mental strain, nervous strain
Topics:
psychology, psychological science
Hypernyms:
nervousness, nerves
Hyponyms:
tension, tenseness, stress
5. a special variety of domesticated animals within a species (Freq. 2)
- he experimented on a particular breed of white rats
- he created a new strain of sheep
Syn:
breed, stock
Derivationally related forms:
stock (for: stock), breed (for: breed)
Hypernyms:
variety, animal group
Hyponyms:
bloodstock, pedigree
Member Holonyms:
species
6. (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups (Freq. 1)
- a new strain of microorganisms
Syn:
form, variant, var.
Derivationally related forms:
variant (for: variant)
Topics:
biology, biological science
Hypernyms:
taxonomic group, taxonomic category, taxon
Member Holonyms:
species
7. injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse);
results in swelling and pain
Hypernyms:
injury, hurt, harm, trauma
8. the general meaning or substance of an utterance
- although I disagreed with him I could follow the tenor of his argument
Syn:
tenor
Hypernyms:
meaning, substance
Hyponyms:
drift, purport
9. an effortful attempt to attain a goal
Syn:
striving, nisus, pains
Derivationally related forms:
strenuous, strive (for: striving)
Hypernyms:
attempt, effort, endeavor, endeavour, try
Hyponyms:
jihad, jehad
10. an intense or violent exertion
Syn:
straining
Derivationally related forms:
strain (for: straining), strenuous
Hypernyms:
effort, elbow grease, exertion, travail, sweat
11. the act of singing
- with a shout and a song they marched up to the gates
Syn:
song
Derivationally related forms:
songster (for: song), sing (for: song)
Hypernyms:
vocal music
Hyponyms:
carol, lullaby, cradlesong

II - verb
1. to exert much effort or energy (Freq. 6)
- straining our ears to hear
Syn:
strive, reach
Hypernyms:
tug, labor, labour, push, drive
Hyponyms:
extend oneself, kill oneself, overexert oneself, trouble oneself, trouble,
bother, inconvenience oneself
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
2. test the limits of (Freq. 3)
- You are trying my patience!
Syn:
try, stress
Derivationally related forms:
stress (for: stress), stressor (for: stress)
Hypernyms:
afflict
Hyponyms:
rack
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
3. use to the utmost;
exert vigorously or to full capacity (Freq. 3)
- He really extended himself when he climbed Kilimanjaro
- Don't strain your mind too much
Syn:
extend
Derivationally related forms:
straining
Hypernyms:
use, utilize, utilise, apply, employ
Hyponyms:
overstrain, overextend, tax, task
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
4. separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements (Freq. 1)
- sift the flour
Syn:
sift, sieve
See Also:
sieve out (for: sieve)
Derivationally related forms:
strainer, sieve (for: sieve), sifter (for: sift), sifting (for: sift), sieve (for: sift)
Hypernyms:
separate
Hyponyms:
rice, resift, riddle, screen, winnow, fan
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
5. cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious (Freq. 1)
- he got a phone call from his lawyer that tensed him up
Syn:
tense, tense up
Ant:
unstrain, relax (for: tense)
Derivationally related forms:
tension (for: tense)
Hypernyms:
affect
Hyponyms:
stretch, extend
Cause:
tense, tense up
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s somebody
6. become stretched or tense or taut
- the bodybuilder's neck muscles tensed; " "the rope strained when the weight was attached
Syn:
tense
Derivationally related forms:
tension (for: tense)
Hypernyms:
tighten
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
7. rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender
- puree the vegetables for the baby
Syn:
puree
Derivationally related forms:
puree (for: puree)
Topics:
cooking, cookery, preparation
Hypernyms:
rub
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
8. remove by passing through a filter
- filter out the impurities
Syn:
filter, filtrate, separate out, filter out
Derivationally related forms:
strainer, filter (for: filtrate), filtrate (for: filtrate), filter (for: filter), filtration (for: filter), filtrate (for: filter)
Hypernyms:
separate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
9. alter the shape of (something) by stress
- His body was deformed by leprosy
Syn:
deform, distort
Derivationally related forms:
deformation (for: deform)
Hypernyms:
shape, form
Hyponyms:
jaundice
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something

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