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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
suffer



verb
1. undergo or be subjected to (Freq. 17)
- He suffered the penalty
- Many saints suffered martyrdom
Syn:
endure
Ant:
enjoy
Hypernyms:
experience, see, go through
Hyponyms:
tolerate, die
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
2. undergo (as of injuries and illnesses) (Freq. 17)
- She suffered a fracture in the accident
- He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars
- She got a bruise on her leg
- He got his arm broken in the scuffle
Syn:
sustain, have, get
Derivationally related forms:
sufferer
Hypernyms:
experience, receive, have, get
Hyponyms:
break down, collapse, cramp, crack up, crack,
crock up, break up
Verb Group:
have
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
3. experience (emotional) pain (Freq. 12)
- Every time her husband gets drunk, she suffers
Derivationally related forms:
sufferer, suffering
Hypernyms:
feel, experience
Hyponyms:
agonize, agonise, anguish, lose, grieve, sorrow
Verb Group:
digest, endure, stick out, stomach, bear,
stand, tolerate, support, brook, abide, put up
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
- Somebody ----s something
- Sam and Sue suffer
4. put up with something or somebody unpleasant (Freq. 8)
- I cannot bear his constant criticism
- The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks
- he learned to tolerate the heat
- She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage
Syn:
digest, endure, stick out, stomach, bear,
stand, tolerate, support, brook, abide, put up
Derivationally related forms:
sufferance, abidance (for: abide), tolerant (for: tolerate), toleration (for: tolerate), tolerance (for: tolerate), bearable (for: bear), endurance (for: endure)
Hypernyms:
permit, allow, let, countenance
Hyponyms:
accept, live with, swallow, stand for, hold still for,
bear up, take lying down, take a joke, sit out, pay
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s PP (for: put up)
- Sam cannot suffer Sue
5. get worse (Freq. 7)
- His grades suffered
Hypernyms:
worsen, decline
Verb Group:
lose
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
6. feel pain or be in pain (Freq. 4)
Syn:
hurt
Ant:
be well
Derivationally related forms:
hurt (for: hurt), hurting (for: hurt), sufferer, suffering, sufferance
Hypernyms:
be
Hyponyms:
have, gag, choke, strangle, suffocate,
ail, starve, hunger, famish
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Sam and Sue suffer
7. feel physical pain (Freq. 1)
- Were you hurting after the accident?
Syn:
hurt, ache
Derivationally related forms:
sufferer, suffering, ache (for: ache), aching (for: ache), hurt (for: hurt), hurting (for: hurt)
Hypernyms:
perceive, comprehend
Hyponyms:
catch, get, twinge, prick, sting, kill
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Sam and Sue suffer
8. feel unwell or uncomfortable (Freq. 1)
- She is suffering from the hot weather
Hypernyms:
be
Hyponyms:
freeze, swelter
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
9. be given to
- She suffers from a tendency to talk too much
Hypernyms:
tend, be given, lean, incline, run
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s PP
10. undergo or suffer
- meet a violent death
- suffer a terrible fate
Syn:
meet
Hypernyms:
experience, see, go through
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
11. be set at a disadvantage
- This author really suffers in translation
Syn:
lose
Hypernyms:
worsen, decline
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Something is ----ing PP

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