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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
support



I - noun
1. the activity of providing for or maintaining by supplying with money or necessities (Freq. 15)
- his support kept the family together
- they gave him emotional support during difficult times
Hypernyms:
activity
Hyponyms:
sustenance, sustentation, sustainment, maintenance, upkeep,
logistic support, logistic assistance
2. aiding the cause or policy or interests of (Freq. 9)
- the president no longer has the support of his own party
- they developed a scheme of mutual support
Hypernyms:
aid, assist, assistance, help
Hyponyms:
attachment, adherence, adhesion, advocacy, protagonism,
protagonism, endorsement, indorsement, blessing, approval,
approving, reassurance
3. something providing immaterial assistance to a person or cause or interest (Freq. 4)
- the policy found little public support
- his faith was all the support he needed
- the team enjoyed the support of their fans
Hypernyms:
influence
Hyponyms:
anchor, mainstay, keystone, backbone, linchpin,
lynchpin, lifeline
4. a military operation (often involving new supplies of men and materiel) to strengthen a military force or aid in the performance of its mission (Freq. 4)
- they called for artillery support
Syn:
reinforcement, reenforcement
Derivationally related forms:
reenforce (for: reenforcement), reinforce (for: reinforcement)
Topics:
military, armed forces, armed services, military machine, war machine
Hypernyms:
operation, military operation
Hyponyms:
close support
5. documentary validation (Freq. 3)
- his documentation of the results was excellent
- the strongest support for this view is the work of Jones
Syn:
documentation
Derivationally related forms:
document (for: documentation)
Hypernyms:
validation, proof, substantiation
6. the financial means whereby one lives (Freq. 2)
- each child was expected to pay for their keep
- he applied to the state for support
- he could no longer earn his own livelihood
Syn:
keep, livelihood, living, bread and butter, sustenance
Derivationally related forms:
sustain (for: sustenance), keep (for: keep)
Hypernyms:
resource
Hyponyms:
comforts, creature comforts, amenities, conveniences, maintenance,
meal ticket, subsistence
7. supporting structure that holds up or provides a foundation (Freq. 2)
- the statue stood on a marble support
Hypernyms:
supporting structure
Hyponyms:
abutment, architrave, basement, buttress, buttressing,
foundation, base, fundament, foot, groundwork, substructure,
understructure, pedestal, plinth, footstall, prop
8. the act of bearing the weight of or strengthening (Freq. 2)
- he leaned against the wall for support
Syn:
supporting
Derivationally related forms:
support (for: supporting)
Hypernyms:
activity
Hyponyms:
shoring, shoring up, propping up, suspension, dangling, hanging
9. a musical part (vocal or instrumental) that supports or provides background for other musical parts (Freq. 1)
Syn:
accompaniment, musical accompaniment, backup
Derivationally related forms:
accompany (for: accompaniment)
Hypernyms:
part, voice
Hyponyms:
descant, discant, vamp
10. any device that bears the weight of another thing (Freq. 1)
- there was no place to attach supports for a shelf
Hypernyms:
device
Hyponyms:
andiron, firedog, dog, dog-iron, arch support,
back, backrest, backboard, baluster, bar, base,
pedestal, stand, bearing, bearing wall, bedpost, bookend,
brace, bracket, wall bracket, bridge, foot, foothold,
footing, handrest, hanger, harness, harp, headstock,
leg, perch, pier, pillow block, rack, rest,
rib, rocker, seat, shelf, spoke, wheel spoke,
radius, step, stair, stirrup, stirrup iron, stock,
stock, structural member, tailstock, tee, football tee,
undercarriage, yoke
11. financial resources provided to make some project possible
- the foundation provided support for the experiment
Syn:
financial support, funding, backing, financial backing
Derivationally related forms:
back (for: backing), fund (for: funding)
Hypernyms:
resource

II - verb
1. give moral or psychological support, aid, or courage to (Freq. 26)
- She supported him during the illness
- Her children always backed her up
Syn:
back up
Derivationally related forms:
backup (for: back up), supportive, supporter
Hyponyms:
sponsor, patronize, patronise, shop, shop at,
buy at, frequent, help, assist, aid, promote,
advance, boost, further, encourage, undergird, second,
back, endorse, indorse
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- Sam cannot support Sue
2. support materially or financially (Freq. 16)
- he does not support his natural children
- The scholarship supported me when I was in college
Hypernyms:
give
Hyponyms:
fund, subsidize, subsidise, provide, bring home the bacon,
see through, sponsor, patronize, patronise
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
3. be behind;
approve of (Freq. 14)
- He plumped for the Labor Party
- I backed Kennedy in 1960
Syn:
back, endorse, indorse, plump for, plunk for
Derivationally related forms:
supportive, supporter, indorsement (for: indorse), endorsement (for: endorse), endorser (for: endorse), backing (for: back)
Hypernyms:
approve, O.K., okay, sanction
Hyponyms:
guarantee, warrant, champion, defend
Verb Group:
second, back, endorse, indorse
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
4. be the physical support of;
carry the weight of (Freq. 14)
- The beam holds up the roof
- He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam
- What's holding that mirror?
Syn:
hold, sustain, hold up
Derivationally related forms:
supporter, supporting, holder (for: hold)
Hyponyms:
scaffold, block, carry, chock, buoy,
buoy up, pole, bracket, underpin, prop up, prop,
shore up, shore, truss, brace
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
5. establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts (Freq. 6)
- his story confirmed my doubts
- The evidence supports the defendant
Syn:
confirm, corroborate, sustain, substantiate, affirm
Ant:
negate (for: affirm)
Derivationally related forms:
affirmable (for: affirm), affirmation (for: affirm), substantiative (for: substantiate), substantiation (for: substantiate), sustainable (for: sustain), corroborative (for: corroborate), corroboratory (for: corroborate), corroboration (for: corroborate), confirmative (for: confirm), confirmatory (for: confirm), confirmation (for: confirm)
Hyponyms:
back, back up, vouch, verify, prove,
demonstrate, establish, show, shew, document, validate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
- Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
6. adopt as a belief (Freq. 3)
- I subscribe to your view on abortion
Syn:
subscribe
Derivationally related forms:
subscriber (for: subscribe)
Hypernyms:
agree, hold, concur, concord
Entailment:
approve, O.K., okay, sanction
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s PP
7. support with evidence or authority or make more certain or confirm (Freq. 2)
- The stories and claims were born out by the evidence
Syn:
corroborate, underpin, bear out
Derivationally related forms:
corroborative (for: corroborate), corroboratory (for: corroborate), corroboration (for: corroborate)
Hypernyms:
match, fit, correspond, check, jibe,
gibe, tally, agree
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
8. argue or speak in defense of (Freq. 2)
- She supported the motion to strike
Syn:
defend, fend for
Derivationally related forms:
supportive, supporter, defender (for: defend), defence (for: defend)
Hypernyms:
argue, reason
Hyponyms:
apologize, apologise, excuse, justify, rationalize,
rationalise, stand up, stick up, uphold
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
9. play a subordinate role to (another performer)
- Olivier supported Gielgud beautifully in the second act
Topics:
dramaturgy, dramatic art, dramatics, theater, theatre
Hypernyms:
act, play, represent
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
10. be a regular customer or client of
- We patronize this store
- Our sponsor kept our art studio going for as long as he could
Syn:
patronize, patronise, patronage, keep going
Derivationally related forms:
supporter, patronage (for: patronage), patron (for: patronise), patron (for: patronize)
Hypernyms:
foster, nurture
Verb Group:
run on, keep going
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
11. put up with something or somebody unpleasant
- I cannot bear his constant criticism
- The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks
- he learned to tolerate the heat
- She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage
Syn:
digest, endure, stick out, stomach, bear,
stand, tolerate, brook, abide, suffer, put up
Derivationally related forms:
sufferance (for: suffer), abidance (for: abide), tolerant (for: tolerate), toleration (for: tolerate), tolerance (for: tolerate), bearable (for: bear), endurance (for: endure)
Hypernyms:
permit, allow, let, countenance
Hyponyms:
accept, live with, swallow, stand for, hold still for,
bear up, take lying down, take a joke, sit out, pay
Verb Group:
suffer
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s PP (for: put up)

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