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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th

dead [dead deader deadest] adjective, noun, adverb BrE [ded] NAmE [ded]
1. no longer alive
My mother's dead; she died in 1987.
a dead person/animal
dead leaves/wood/skin
He was shot dead by a gunman outside his home.
Catherine's dead body lay peacefully on the bed.
He dropped dead (= died suddenly) last week.
The poor child looks more dead than alive.
• (figurative)In ten years he'll be dead and buried as a politician.  
2. not before noun no longer believed in or aimed for
Many believe the peace plan is dead.
Unfortunately racism is not yet dead.
Though the idea may be dead, it is far from being buried (= people still talk about it, even though there is nothing new to say).  
3. belonging to the past; no longer practised or fashionable
Is the Western a dead art form?
a dead language (= one that is no longer spoken, for example Latin)  
4. (informal)finished; not able to be used any more
dead matches
There were two dead bottles of wine on the table.  
5. (of machines or equipment)not working because of a lack of power
a dead battery
The hard disk is dead.
Suddenly the phone went dead.  
6. (informal, disapproving)very quiet, without activity or interest
There were no theatres, no cinemas, no coffee bars. It was dead as anything.  
7. (informal, disapproving)without activity; with nobody buying or selling anything
‘The market is absolutely dead this morning,’ said one foreign exchange trader.
Winter is traditionally the dead season for the housing market.  
8. not usually before noun (informal)extremely tired; not well
half dead with cold and hunger
She felt dead on her feet and didn't have the energy to question them further.  
9. not before noun (of a part of the body)unable to feel because of cold, etc.
Syn: numb
My left arm had gone dead.
10. ~ to sth unable to feel or understand emotions
Syn: insensitive
He was dead to all feelings of pity.
11. (especially of sb's voice, eyes or face)showing no emotion
Syn: expressionless
She said, ‘I'm sorry, too,’ in a quiet, dead voice.
His usually dead grey eyes were sparkling.  
12. only before noun complete or exact
a dead silence/calm
the dead centre of the target
The car gave a sudden jerk and came to a dead stop.
• (BrE)This horse is a dead cert for (= will certainly win) the race tomorrow.
She crumpled to the floor in a dead faint (= completely unconscious).  
13. never having been alive
dead matter (= for example rock)
a dead planet (= one with no life on it)  
14. outside the playing area
more at flog a dead horse at flog, knock sb dead at knock v.

Word Origin:
Old English dēad, of Germanic origin: related to Dutch dood and German tot, also to ↑die.

dead adj.
There was a dead cat lying in the road.
formal late • • deceased • |written lifeless • • at peace
Opp: alive, Opp: living, Opp: live
a dead/late/deceased wife/husband/mother/father/brother/sister/relative
a/sb's dead/lifeless body
lie dead/lifeless/in peace

Example Bank:
By the time the police arrived, he was already dead.
Gunmen shot dead a policeman.
Gunmen shot dead two unarmed police officers.
He just dropped dead one day at work.
He just dropped dead one day in his garden.
His wife lay dead beside him.
I'm afraid he's quite dead.
Poor child, she looks more dead than alive.
She had been struck dead by lightning.
She was declared dead on arrival at the hospital.
That won't happen until long after I'm dead and gone.
The animal will sometimes escape danger by playing dead.
The woman was found dead with a rope around her neck.
We didn't know whether the fish was dead or alive.
Catherine's dead body lay peacefully on the bed.
He dropped dead last week.
My mother's dead; she died in 1997.
a dead person/animal/tree
dead leaves/wood/skin
Idioms:a dead ringer for somebody cut somebody dead dead and gone dead as a dodo dead as a doornail dead duck dead hand of something dead in the water dead meat dead on arrival dead to the world in the dead of night in the dead of winter over my dead body somebody wouldn't be seen dead …
noun the dead
1. plural people who have died
The dead and wounded in that one attack amounted to 6 000.
2. singular the state of being dead
Christians believe that God raised Jesus from the dead.
• (figurative)In nine years he has brought his party back from the dead almost to the brink of power.

Word Origin:
Old English dēad, of Germanic origin: related to Dutch dood and German tot, also to ↑die.
adverb (informal) 
1. completely; exactly
You're dead right!
• (BrE)a dead straight road
• (BrE)The train was dead on time.
He's dead against the idea.
The sight made him stop dead in his tracks (= stop suddenly).
She's dead set on getting (= determined to get) this new job.  
2. (BrE, informal)very; extremely
The instructions are dead easy to follow.
You were dead lucky to get that job.
I was dead scared.
more at dead to rights at right n.

Word Origin:
Old English dēad, of Germanic origin: related to Dutch dood and German tot, also to ↑die.
See also:at dead of night

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