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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
wall



I - noun
1. an architectural partition with a height and length greater than its thickness;
used to divide or enclose an area or to support another structure (Freq. 82)
- the south wall had a small window
- the walls were covered with pictures
Hypernyms:
partition, divider
Hyponyms:
attic, bearing wall, cavity wall, chimney breast, firewall,
gable, gable end, gable wall, parapet, proscenium, proscenium wall,
sidewall, wainscoting, wainscotting
Instance Hyponyms:
Wailing Wall, Hadrian's Wall
Part Holonyms:
building, edifice, room, hallway, hall
Part Meronyms:
arch, archway, capstone, copestone, coping stone,
stretcher, course, row, doorway, door, room access,
threshold, header, coping, cope, paneling, panelling,
pane, pier, wainscot, dado, wall panel
2. anything that suggests a wall in structure or function or effect (Freq. 15)
- a wall of water
- a wall of smoke
- a wall of prejudice
- negotiations ran into a brick wall
Hypernyms:
object, physical object
Hyponyms:
footwall, hanging wall
3. (anatomy) a layer (a lining or membrane) that encloses a structure (Freq. 1)
- stomach walls
Syn:
paries
Topics:
anatomy, general anatomy
Hypernyms:
stratum
Hyponyms:
abdominal wall
4. a difficult or awkward situation
- his back was to the wall
- competition was pushing them to the wall
Hypernyms:
difficulty
5. a vertical (or almost vertical) smooth rock face (as of a cave or mountain)
Hypernyms:
geological formation, formation
Part Holonyms:
cave
6. a layer of material that encloses space
- the walls of the cylinder were perforated
- the container's walls were blue
Hypernyms:
layer, bed
7. a masonry fence (as around an estate or garden)
- the wall followed the road
- he ducked behind the garden wall and waited
Hypernyms:
fence, fencing
Hyponyms:
party wall, retaining wall
8. an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes
- they stormed the ramparts of the city
- they blew the trumpet and the walls came tumbling down
Syn:
rampart, bulwark
Derivationally related forms:
bulwark (for: bulwark)
Hypernyms:
embankment
Hyponyms:
bailey, battlement, crenelation, crenellation, earthwork,
fraise, merlon
Instance Hyponyms:
Antonine Wall, Chinese Wall, Great Wall, Great Wall of China
Part Holonyms:
fortification, munition

II - verb
surround with a wall in order to fortify
Syn:
palisade, fence, fence in, surround
See Also:
wall in, wall up
Derivationally related forms:
surround (for: surround), fence (for: fence), palisade (for: palisade)
Hypernyms:
protect
Hyponyms:
stockade, circumvallate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something

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