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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
tone



I - noun
1. the quality of a person's voice (Freq. 24)
- he began in a conversational tone
- he spoke in a nervous tone of voice
Syn:
tone of voice
Derivationally related forms:
intonate
Hypernyms:
manner of speaking, speech, delivery
Hyponyms:
note, roundness, rotundity, undertone
2. (linguistics) a pitch or change in pitch of the voice that serves to distinguish words in tonal languages (Freq. 22)
- the Beijing dialect uses four tones
Derivationally related forms:
tonal, tonic, intonate
Topics:
linguistics
Hypernyms:
pitch
3. (music) the distinctive property of a complex sound (a voice or noise or musical sound) (Freq. 11)
- the timbre of her soprano was rich and lovely
- the muffled tones of the broken bell summoned them to meet
Syn:
timbre, timber, quality
Derivationally related forms:
tonal
Topics:
music
Hypernyms:
sound property
Hyponyms:
harmonic, resonance, color, colour, coloration,
colouration, nasality, plangency, reverberance, ringing, sonorousness,
sonority, vibrancy, shrillness, stridence, stridency, register
4. the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people (Freq. 5)
- the feel of the city excited him
- a clergyman improved the tone of the meeting
- it had the smell of treason
Syn:
spirit, feel, feeling, flavor, flavour,
look, smell
Derivationally related forms:
look (for: look), feel (for: feeling), feel (for: feel), spirit (for: spirit), spiritize (for: spirit)
Hypernyms:
atmosphere, ambiance, ambience
Hyponyms:
Hollywood, Zeitgeist
5. a quality of a given color that differs slightly from another color (Freq. 2)
- after several trials he mixed the shade of pink that she wanted
Syn:
shade, tint, tincture
Derivationally related forms:
tincture (for: tincture), tint (for: tint)
Hypernyms:
color, colour, coloring, colouring
Hyponyms:
mellowness, richness, undertone, tinge
6. a notation representing the pitch and duration of a musical sound (Freq. 1)
- the singer held the note too long
Syn:
note, musical note
Derivationally related forms:
tonic
Hypernyms:
musical notation
Hyponyms:
tonic, keynote, supertonic, mediant, subdominant,
dominant, submediant, subtonic, leading tone, pedal point, pedal,
trill, shake, middle C, chord, passing note, passing tone,
whole note, semibreve, half note, minim, quarter note, crotchet,
eighth note, quaver, sixteenth note, semiquaver, thirty-second note, demisemiquaver,
demisemiquaver, hemidemisemiquaver, grace note, appoggiatura, acciaccatura,
blue note, monotone
Member Holonyms:
scale, musical scale
7. a steady sound without overtones (Freq. 1)
- they tested his hearing with pure tones of different frequencies
Syn:
pure tone
Derivationally related forms:
tonal
Hypernyms:
sound, auditory sensation
Hyponyms:
harmonic
8. the elastic tension of living muscles, arteries, etc. that facilitate response to stimuli
- the doctor tested my tonicity
Syn:
tonicity, tonus
Ant:
atonicity (for: tonicity)
Derivationally related forms:
tonic, tonic (for: tonicity)
Topics:
muscle, muscular tissue
Hypernyms:
tension, tensity, tenseness, tautness
Hyponyms:
catatonia, muscular tonus, muscle tone, myotonia, hypertonia,
hypertonus, hypertonicity, hypotonia, hypotonus, hypotonicity
9. a musical interval of two semitones
Syn:
whole tone, step, whole step
Hypernyms:
interval, musical interval
10. the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author
- the general tone of articles appearing in the newspapers is that the government should withdraw
- from the tone of her behavior I gathered that I had outstayed my welcome
Hypernyms:
quality

II - verb
1. change the color or tone of
- tone a negative
Derivationally related forms:
toner
Hypernyms:
discolor, discolour, colour, color
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
2. change to a color image
- tone a photographic image
Derivationally related forms:
toner
Hypernyms:
color, colorize, colorise, colourise, colourize,
colour, color in, colour in
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
3. give a healthy elasticity to
- Let's tone our muscles
Syn:
tone up, strengthen
Hypernyms:
exercise, work out
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
4. vary the pitch of one's speech
Syn:
inflect, modulate
Derivationally related forms:
modulation (for: modulate), inflection (for: inflect)
Hypernyms:
talk, speak, utter, mouth, verbalize, verbalise
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
5. utter monotonously and repetitively and rhythmically
- The students chanted the same slogan over and over again
Syn:
chant, intone
Derivationally related forms:
intonation (for: intone), chant (for: chant)
Hypernyms:
talk, speak, utter, mouth, verbalize, verbalise
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something

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