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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
surface



I - noun
1. the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary (Freq. 90)
- there is a special cleaner for these surfaces
- the cloth had a pattern of red dots on a white surface
Hypernyms:
artifact, artefact
Hyponyms:
bed, board, gameboard, face, ground,
horizontal surface, level, Klein bottle, meniscus, miter, mitre,
Mobius strip, plaster, plasterwork, screen, silver screen, projection screen,
side, skin, spandrel, spandril, superficies, tread,
vertical surface, work surface
2. the extended two-dimensional outer boundary of a three-dimensional object (Freq. 36)
- they skimmed over the surface of the water
- a brush small enough to clean every dental surface
- the sun has no distinct surface
Hypernyms:
boundary, bound, bounds
Hyponyms:
interface, hard palate, palate, roof of the mouth, side,
face, celestial sphere, sphere, empyrean, firmament, heavens,
vault of heaven, welkin, end, inside, interior, outside,
exterior, substrate, substratum, wave front, wavefront, photosphere
3. the outermost level of the land or sea (Freq. 11)
- earthquakes originate far below the surface
- three quarters of the Earth's surface is covered by water
Syn:
Earth's surface
Derivationally related forms:
surficial
Hypernyms:
layer
Hyponyms:
floor
Part Holonyms:
lithosphere, geosphere
Part Meronyms:
body of water, water, opening, gap
4. a superficial aspect as opposed to the real nature of something (Freq. 4)
- it was not what it appeared to be on the surface
Hypernyms:
aspect, facet
5. information that has become public (Freq. 1)
- all the reports were out in the open
- the facts had been brought to the surface
Syn:
open
Derivationally related forms:
open (for: open)
Hypernyms:
public knowledge, general knowledge
6. a device that provides reactive force when in motion relative to the surrounding air;
can lift or control a plane in flight
Syn:
airfoil, aerofoil, control surface
Hypernyms:
device
Hyponyms:
aileron, elevator, flap, flaps, horizontal stabilizer,
horizontal stabiliser, tailplane, rotor blade, rotary wing, rudder, spoiler,
stabilizer, vertical tail, wing
Part Meronyms:
leading edge, trailing edge

II - verb
1. come to the surface (Freq. 1)
Syn:
come up, rise up, rise
Derivationally related forms:
rise (for: rise), surfacing
Hypernyms:
ascend, go up
Hyponyms:
emerge, resurface, bubble up, intumesce, well, swell
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
2. appear or become visible;
make a showing
- She turned up at the funeral
- I hope the list key is going to surface again
Syn:
come on, come out, turn up, show up
Hypernyms:
appear
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
3. put a coat on;
cover the surface of;
furnish with a surface
- coat the cake with chocolate
Syn:
coat
Derivationally related forms:
coat (for: coat), coating (for: coat)
Hypernyms:
cover
Hyponyms:
rubberize, rubberise, rubber, anodize, anodise,
gelatinize, skim, stucco, egg, encrust, incrust,
dredge, soot, refinish, brush on, patinate, patinize,
patinise, resurface, crumb, copper, finish, bonderize,
bonderise, blacktop, foliate, galvanize, galvanise, pave,
varnish, seal, glaze, tar, enrobe, plaster,
daub, render, skimcoat, paint, cement, grit,
plate, metal, macadamize, macadamise, tarmac, size,
metalize, metallize, platinize, porcelainize, zinc
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something

III - adjective
on the surface (Freq. 2)
- surface materials of the moon
Ant:
subsurface, overhead
Similar to:
aboveground, grade-constructed, opencast, opencut

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