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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
substance



noun
1. the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists (Freq. 17)
- DNA is the substance of our genes
Derivationally related forms:
substantial
Hypernyms:
matter, part, portion, component part, component, constituent
Hyponyms:
body substance, protoplasm, living substance, chemistry, material,
stuff, phlogiston, mixture, atom, chemical element, element,
activator, substrate, medium, fluid, volatile, essence
2. the idea that is intended (Freq. 2)
- What is the meaning of this proverb?
Syn:
meaning
Derivationally related forms:
mean (for: meaning)
Hypernyms:
idea, thought
Hyponyms:
semantics, significance, import, implication, tenor,
tenor, undertone, undercurrent, reference, denotation,
extension, connotation
3. the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience (Freq. 2)
- the gist of the prosecutor's argument
- the heart and soul of the Republican Party
- the nub of the story
Syn:
kernel, core, center, centre, essence,
gist, heart, heart and soul, inwardness, marrow, meat,
nub, pith, sum, nitty-gritty
Derivationally related forms:
summate (for: sum), pithy (for: pith), meaty (for: meat), essential (for: essence), central (for: center)
Hypernyms:
content, cognitive content, mental object
Hyponyms:
bare bones, hypostasis, quiddity, haecceity, quintessence, stuff
4. material of a particular kind or constitution
- the immune response recognizes invading substances
Hypernyms:
physical entity
5. what a communication that is about something is about
Syn:
message, content, subject matter
Hypernyms:
communication
Hyponyms:
body, corker, reminder, request, petition,
postulation, memorial, latent content, subject, topic, theme,
digression, aside, excursus, divagation, parenthesis, meaning,
significance, signification, import, nonsense, bunk, nonsensicality,
meaninglessness, hokum, drivel, garbage, acknowledgment, acknowledgement,
refusal, information, info, guidance, counsel, counseling,
counselling, direction, commitment, dedication, approval, commendation,
disapproval, respects, disrespect, discourtesy, interpolation, insertion,
statement, wit, humor, humour, witticism, wittiness,
opinion, view, instruction, proposal, offer, offering,
submission, entry, narrative, narration, story, tale,
promotion, publicity, promotional material, packaging, sensationalism, shocker
6. considerable capital (wealth or income)
- he is a man of means
Syn:
means
Hypernyms:
capital
Hyponyms:
pocketbook, wherewithal
7. a particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties
- shigella is one of the most toxic substances known to man
Hypernyms:
matter
Hyponyms:
food, nutrient, philosopher's stone, philosophers' stone, elixir,
allergen, assay, pyrogen, pyrectic, hydrocolloid, adulterant,
adulterator, propellant, propellent, denaturant, inhibitor, ferment,
agent, carcinogen, digestive, fomentation, fuel, lubricant,
lubricator, lubricating substance, lube, humectant, inoculant, inoculum,
jelly, leaven, leavening, refrigerant, lysin, poison,
poison, poisonous substance, chemical irritant, antigen, ligand,
metabolite, vehicle

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