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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
spirit



I - noun
1. the vital principle or animating force within living things (Freq. 45)
Derivationally related forms:
spiritize
Hypernyms:
vital principle, life principle
Hyponyms:
soul, psyche
2. the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people (Freq. 37)
- the feel of the city excited him
- a clergyman improved the tone of the meeting
- it had the smell of treason
Syn:
tone, feel, feeling, flavor, flavour,
look, smell
Derivationally related forms:
look (for: look), feel (for: feeling), feel (for: feel), spiritize
Hypernyms:
atmosphere, ambiance, ambience
Hyponyms:
Hollywood, Zeitgeist
3. a fundamental emotional and activating principle determining one's character (Freq. 13)
Derivationally related forms:
spiritize
Hypernyms:
character, fiber, fibre
Hyponyms:
courage, courageousness, bravery, braveness, cowardice, cowardliness
4. any incorporeal supernatural being that can become visible (or audible) to human beings (Freq. 7)
Syn:
disembodied spirit
Derivationally related forms:
spiritual
Hypernyms:
spiritual being, supernatural being
Hyponyms:
control, evil spirit, banshee, banshie, genie,
jinni, jinnee, djinni, djinny, djinn, familiar,
familiar spirit, peri, apparition, phantom, phantasm, phantasma,
fantasm, specter, spectre, presence, kachina, numen,
python, sylvan, silvan, thunderbird, zombi, zombie,
zombi spirit, zombie spirit
5. the state of a person's emotions (especially with regard to pleasure or dejection) (Freq. 6)
- his emotional state depended on her opinion
- he was in good spirits
- his spirit rose
Syn:
emotional state
Hypernyms:
emotion
Hyponyms:
embarrassment, ecstasy, rapture, transport, exaltation,
exaltation, gratification, satisfaction, happiness, felicity,
state, unhappiness
6. animation and energy in action or expression (Freq. 3)
- it was a heavy play and the actors tried in vain to give life to it
Syn:
liveliness, life, sprightliness
Derivationally related forms:
sprightly (for: sprightliness), spiritize, lively (for: liveliness)
Hypernyms:
animation, spiritedness, invigoration, brio, vivification
Hyponyms:
pertness, airiness, delicacy, alacrity, briskness,
smartness, energy, muscularity, vigor, vigour, vim,
elan, esprit, breeziness, jauntiness, irrepressibility, buoyancy,
buoyancy, exuberance, enthusiasm, ebullience, pep,
peppiness, ginger
Attrubites:
lively
7. the intended meaning of a communication (Freq. 3)
Syn:
intent, purport
Derivationally related forms:
purport (for: purport), intend (for: intent)
Hypernyms:
meaning, significance, signification, import
8. an inclination or tendency of a certain kind (Freq. 2)
- he had a change of heart
Syn:
heart
Hypernyms:
disposition, temperament

II - verb
infuse with spirit
- The company spirited him up
Syn:
spirit up, inspirit
Hypernyms:
enliven, liven, liven up, invigorate, animate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody

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