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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
sound



I - noun
1. the particular auditory effect produced by a given cause (Freq. 36)
- the sound of rain on the roof
- the beautiful sound of music
Ant:
silence
Hypernyms:
sound property
Hyponyms:
noisiness, racketiness, ring, unison, voice
2. the subjective sensation of hearing something (Freq. 16)
- he strained to hear the faint sounds
Syn:
auditory sensation
Hypernyms:
sensation, esthesis, aesthesis, sense experience, sense impression, sense datum
Hyponyms:
music, euphony, tone, pure tone, noise,
dissonance, racket, dub
3. mechanical vibrations transmitted by an elastic medium (Freq. 11)
- falling trees make a sound in the forest even when no one is there to hear them
Hypernyms:
mechanical phenomenon
Hyponyms:
ultrasound
4. the sudden occurrence of an audible event (Freq. 11)
- the sound awakened them
Hypernyms:
happening, occurrence, occurrent, natural event
Hyponyms:
bong, beat, beep, bleep, bell,
toll, buzz, bombilation, bombination, chink, click,
clink, chirp, chirrup, twitter, chorus, click-clack,
clip-clop, clippety-clop, clop, clopping, clunking, clumping,
cry, ding, drip, dripping, drum, footfall,
footstep, step, gargle, gurgle, jingle, jangle,
knock, knocking, mutter, muttering, murmur, murmuring,
murmuration, mussitation, noise, paradiddle, roll, drum roll,
pat, rap, tap, patter, peal, pealing,
rolling, ping, plunk, pop, popping, purr,
quack, quaver, ring, ringing, tintinnabulation, rub-a-dub,
rataplan, drumbeat, sigh, skirl, song, strum,
susurration, susurrus, swish, tapping, throbbing, thump,
thumping, clump, clunk, thud, thrum, thunk,
tick, ticking, ting, tinkle, toot, tootle,
trample, trampling, twang, vibrato, voice, vroom,
whack, whir, whirr, whirring, birr, whistle,
whistling, whiz, zing, zizz
5. the audible part of a transmitted signal (Freq. 6)
- they always raise the audio for commercials
Syn:
audio
Hypernyms:
auditory communication
Part Holonyms:
television, telecasting, TV, video
6. (phonetics) an individual sound unit of speech without concern as to whether or not it is a phoneme of some language (Freq. 1)
Syn:
phone, speech sound
Derivationally related forms:
phonic (for: phone), phonetic (for: phone), phonate (for: phone)
Topics:
phonetics
Hypernyms:
language unit, linguistic unit
Hyponyms:
phoneme, vowel, vowel sound, semivowel, glide,
consonant, orinasal phone, orinasal, sonant, voiced sound
Part Holonyms:
utterance, vocalization
7. a narrow channel of the sea joining two larger bodies of water
Syn:
strait
Hypernyms:
channel
Hyponyms:
narrow
Instance Hyponyms:
Dardanelles, Canakkale Bogazi, Hellespont, East River, Bering Strait,
Bosporus, Cook Strait, Golden Gate, Kattegatt, Korean Strait, Korea Strait,
Menai Strait, North Channel, Skagerrak, Skagerak, Solent, Strait of Georgia,
Strait of Gibraltar, Strait of Hormuz, Strait of Ormuz, Strait of Magellan, Strait of Messina, Strait of Dover,
Strait of Calais, Pas de Calais, Torres Strait
8. a large ocean inlet or deep bay
- the main body of the sound ran parallel to the coast
Hypernyms:
body of water, water
Instance Hyponyms:
Long Island Sound, Puget Sound, Queen Charlotte Sound

II - verb
1. appear in a certain way (Freq. 38)
- This sounds interesting
Hypernyms:
look, appear, seem
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s Adjective/Noun
- Somebody ----s Adjective
- John will sound angry
2. make a certain noise or sound (Freq. 14)
- She went 'Mmmmm'
- The gun went 'bang'
Syn:
go
Hypernyms:
cause to be perceived
Hyponyms:
snarl, whistle, sing, blow, ting,
make noise, resound, noise, splat, twang, clang,
clangor, clank, clangour, boom, boom out, drum,
beat, thrum, rattle, tick, ticktock, ticktack,
resonate, vibrate, crash, tweet, twirp, skirl,
gurgle, glug, whish, guggle, ping, pink,
knock, trump, squelch, chug, ring, peal,
buzz, bombinate, bombilate, chime, rustle, snap,
crack, honk, blare, beep, claxon, toot,
echo, reverberate, thud, thump, clop, clump,
clunk, plunk, patter, pitter-patter, tap, rap,
click, chatter, pop, tinkle, tink, clink,
chink, splash, splosh, slosh, slush, hum,
bleep, rumble, grumble, din, bang, ripple,
babble, burble, bubble, lap, swish, swosh,
swoosh, drone, whizz, whiz, whirr, whir,
birr, purr, roll
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Something ----s Adjective/Noun
- Somebody ----s Adjective
- The woods sound with many kinds of birds
3. give off a certain sound or sounds (Freq. 9)
- This record sounds scratchy
Hyponyms:
cackel, play, dissonate, pierce, speak
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s Adjective/Noun
- Somebody ----s Adjective
4. announce by means of a sound (Freq. 1)
- sound the alarm
Hypernyms:
announce, denote
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
5. utter with vibrating vocal chords (Freq. 1)
Syn:
voice, vocalize, vocalise
Ant:
devoice (for: voice)
Derivationally related forms:
vocalisation (for: vocalise), vocaliser (for: vocalise), vocalization (for: vocalize), vocalizer (for: vocalize), sonant, voice (for: voice)
Hypernyms:
pronounce, articulate, enounce, sound out, enunciate, say
Hyponyms:
chirk, quaver, waver
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
6. cause to sound
- sound the bell
- sound a certain note
See Also:
sound off
Hyponyms:
play, blow, twang, prepare, gong,
gong, strum, thrum, ring, knell,
pop, clink
Cause:
go
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
7. measure the depth of (a body of water) with a sounding line
Syn:
fathom
Derivationally related forms:
sounder, sounding, fathom (for: fathom)
Hypernyms:
quantify, measure
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something

III - adjective
1. financially secure and safe (Freq. 8)
- sound investments
- a sound economy
Ant:
unsound
Similar to:
dependable, good, safe, secure, healthy,
solid, stable
See Also:
fit, healthy, unbroken, undamaged, uninjured, wholesome
Derivationally related forms:
soundness
2. exercising or showing good judgment (Freq. 3)
- healthy scepticism
- a healthy fear of rattlesnakes
- the healthy attitude of French laws
- healthy relations between labor and management
- an intelligent solution
- a sound approach to the problem
- sound advice
- no sound explanation for his decision
Syn:
healthy, intelligent, levelheaded, level-headed
Similar to:
reasonable, sensible
3. in good condition;
free from defect or damage or decay (Freq. 1)
- a sound timber
- the wall is sound
- a sound foundation
Ant:
unsound
Similar to:
solid, strong, substantial
Derivationally related forms:
soundness
4. in excellent physical condition (Freq. 1)
- good teeth
- I still have one good leg
- a sound mind in a sound body
Syn:
good
Similar to:
healthy
Derivationally related forms:
soundness
5. (of sleep) deep and complete
- a heavy sleep
- fell into a profound sleep
- a sound sleeper
- deep wakeless sleep
Syn:
heavy, profound, wakeless
Similar to:
deep
Derivationally related forms:
profoundness (for: profound)
6. having legal efficacy or force
- a sound title to the property
Syn:
legal, effectual
Similar to:
valid
Derivationally related forms:
legality (for: legal)
7. logically valid
- a sound argument
Syn:
reasoned, well-grounded
Similar to:
valid
Derivationally related forms:
soundness
8. free from moral defect
- a man of sound character
Similar to:
righteous
Derivationally related forms:
soundness
9. thorough
- a sound thrashing
Similar to:
complete

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