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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
shape



I - noun
1. any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline) (Freq. 37)
- he could barely make out their shapes
Syn:
form, configuration, contour, conformation
Derivationally related forms:
contour (for: contour)
Hypernyms:
spatial property, spatiality
Hyponyms:
sharpness, keenness, dullness, bluntness, topography,
lobularity, concavity, concaveness, convexity, convexness, angularity,
angularity, curvature, curve, roundness, straightness,
crookedness, stratification
Attrubites:
straight, crooked
2. the spatial arrangement of something as distinct from its substance (Freq. 6)
- geometry is the mathematical science of shape
Syn:
form
Hypernyms:
attribute
Hyponyms:
solid, plane, sheet, natural shape, flare,
flair, figure, line, angular shape, angularity, round shape,
distorted shape, distortion, amorphous shape, connection, connexion, link,
link, square, triangle, column, tower,
pillar, plume
3. alternative names for the body of a human being (Freq. 3)
- Leonardo studied the human body
- he has a strong physique
- the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak
Syn:
human body, physical body, material body, soma, build,
figure, physique, anatomy, bod, chassis, frame,
form, flesh
Derivationally related forms:
anatomic (for: anatomy), anatomist (for: anatomy), anatomical (for: anatomy)
Hypernyms:
body, organic structure, physical structure
Hyponyms:
person, juvenile body, adult body, male body, female body
Part Holonyms:
person, individual, someone, somebody, mortal,
soul, homo, man, human being, human
4. the visual appearance of something or someone (Freq. 2)
- the delicate cast of his features
Syn:
form, cast
Derivationally related forms:
shapely
Hypernyms:
appearance, visual aspect
5. a concrete representation of an otherwise nebulous concept (Freq. 2)
- a circle was the embodiment of his concept of life
Syn:
embodiment
Derivationally related forms:
embody (for: embodiment)
Hypernyms:
concretism, concrete representation
6. the state of (good) health (especially in the phrases 'in condition' or 'in shape' or 'out of condition' or 'out of shape') (Freq. 1)
Syn:
condition
Hypernyms:
good health, healthiness
Hyponyms:
fitness, physical fitness
7. a perceptual structure
- the composition presents problems for students of musical form
- a visual pattern must include not only objects but the spaces between them
Syn:
form, pattern
Derivationally related forms:
pattern (for: pattern), form (for: form)
Hypernyms:
structure
Hyponyms:
fractal, gestalt, grid, kaleidoscope, mosaic, strand
Part Holonyms:
percept, perception, perceptual experience

II - verb
1. shape or influence;
give direction to (Freq. 11)
- experience often determines ability
- mold public opinion
Syn:
determine, mold, influence, regulate
Derivationally related forms:
regulation (for: regulate), influence (for: influence), shaping, determinant (for: determine)
Hypernyms:
cause, do, make
Hyponyms:
dispose, incline, indispose, disincline, miscreate,
miscreate, decide, reshape, time, index,
pace, predetermine
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
- Somebody ----s whether INFINITIVE
2. make something, usually for a specific function (Freq. 6)
- She molded the rice balls carefully
- Form cylinders from the dough
- shape a figure
- Work the metal into a sword
Syn:
form, work, mold, mould, forge
Derivationally related forms:
mold (for: mold), form (for: form), formation (for: form), shaper, shaping
Hypernyms:
create from raw material, create from raw stuff
Hyponyms:
carve, swage, upset, chip, layer,
cut out, machine, grind, stamp, puddle, beat,
preform, mound, hill, roughcast, reshape, remold,
sinter, cast, mold, mould, throw, handbuild,
hand-build, coil, sculpt, sculpture, model
Verb Group:
work, work on, process
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s something PP
3. give shape or form to (Freq. 3)
- shape the dough
- form the young child's character
Syn:
form
Derivationally related forms:
form (for: form), formation (for: form), shaper
Hypernyms:
change, alter, modify
Hyponyms:
individuate, tie, terrace, fork, tabulate,
dimension, roll, draw, strike, crystallize, crystallise,
crystalise, crystalize, twist, sliver, ridge, plume,
round, round out, round off, scallop, scollop, square,
square up, dish, fit, flatten, deform, distort,
distort, blow, block, cup, encircle,
circle, turn
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something

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