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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
shadow



I - noun
1. shade within clear boundaries (Freq. 17)
Derivationally related forms:
shadowy
Hypernyms:
shade, shadiness, shadowiness
Hyponyms:
umbra, penumbra
2. an unilluminated area (Freq. 8)
- he moved off into the darkness
Syn:
darkness, dark
Derivationally related forms:
dark (for: dark), dark (for: darkness)
Hypernyms:
scene
3. something existing in perception only (Freq. 3)
- a ghostly apparition at midnight
Syn:
apparition, phantom, phantasm, phantasma, fantasm
Derivationally related forms:
shadowy, phantasmal (for: phantasma)
Hypernyms:
illusion, semblance
Hyponyms:
unidentified flying object, UFO, flying saucer, Flying Dutchman, ghost,
shade, spook, wraith, specter, spectre
4. a premonition of something adverse (Freq. 1)
- a shadow over his happiness
Hypernyms:
foreboding, premonition, presentiment, boding
5. an indication that something has been present (Freq. 1)
- there wasn't a trace of evidence for the claim
- a tincture of condescension
Syn:
trace, vestige, tincture
Hypernyms:
indication, indicant
Hyponyms:
footprint
6. refuge from danger or observation (Freq. 1)
- he felt secure in his father's shadow
Hypernyms:
recourse, refuge, resort
7. a dominating and pervasive presence
- he received little recognition working in the shadow of his father
Hypernyms:
presence
8. a spy employed to follow someone and report their movements
Syn:
tail, shadower
Derivationally related forms:
shadow (for: shadower), tail (for: tail)
Hypernyms:
follower, spy
9. an inseparable companion
- the poor child was his mother's shadow
Hypernyms:
follower

II - verb
1. follow, usually without the person's knowledge (Freq. 3)
- The police are shadowing her
Derivationally related forms:
shadower, shadowing
Hypernyms:
follow
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- Sam cannot shadow Sue
2. cast a shadow over
Syn:
shade, shade off
Derivationally related forms:
shade (for: shade)
Hypernyms:
darken
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
3. make appear small by comparison
- This year's debt dwarfs that of last year
Syn:
overshadow, dwarf
Derivationally related forms:
dwarf (for: dwarf)
Hypernyms:
dominate, command, overlook, overtop
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something

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