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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
retreat



I - noun
1. (military) withdrawal of troops to a more favorable position to escape the enemy's superior forces or after a defeat (Freq. 3)
- the disorderly retreat of French troops
Topics:
military, armed forces, armed services, military machine, war machine
Hypernyms:
withdrawal
Hyponyms:
disengagement, fallback, pullout
2. a place of privacy;
a place affording peace and quiet
Hypernyms:
area, country
Hyponyms:
ashram, nook, nest, pleasance, sanctum, sanctum sanctorum
Instance Hyponyms:
Camp David
3. (military) a signal to begin a withdrawal from a dangerous position
Topics:
military, armed forces, armed services, military machine, war machine
Hypernyms:
signal, signaling, sign
4. (military) a bugle call signaling the lowering of the flag at sunset
Topics:
military, armed forces, armed services, military machine, war machine
Hypernyms:
bugle call
5. an area where you can be alone
Syn:
hideaway
Hypernyms:
area
6. withdrawal for prayer and study and meditation
- the religious retreat is a form of vacation activity
Syn:
retirement
Hypernyms:
withdrawal
7. the act of withdrawing or going backward (especially to escape something hazardous or unpleasant)
Ant:
advance
Hypernyms:
withdrawal

II - verb
1. pull back or move away or backward (Freq. 10)
- The enemy withdrew
- The limo pulled away from the curb
Syn:
withdraw, pull away, draw back, recede, pull back,
retire, move back
Ant:
advance (for: recede)
Derivationally related forms:
pullback (for: pull back), receding (for: recede), withdrawal (for: withdraw)
Hypernyms:
travel, go, move, locomote
Hyponyms:
fall back, retrograde, back up, back off, back down
Verb Group:
pull back, back out, back away, crawfish, crawfish out,
pull in one's horns, withdraw
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s PP
2. move away, as for privacy
- The Pope retreats to Castelgondolfo every summer
Hypernyms:
travel, go, move, locomote
Hyponyms:
cocoon
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
3. move back
- The glacier retrogrades
Syn:
retrograde
Hypernyms:
withdraw, pull away, draw back, recede, pull back,
retire, move back
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
4. make a retreat from an earlier commitment or activity
- We'll have to crawfish out from meeting with him
- He backed out of his earlier promise
- The aggressive investment company pulled in its horns
Syn:
pull back, back out, back away, crawfish, crawfish out,
pull in one's horns, withdraw
Derivationally related forms:
withdrawer (for: withdraw), withdrawal (for: withdraw)
Verb Group:
withdraw, pull away, draw back, recede, pull back,
retire, move back
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s

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