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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
present



I - noun
1. the period of time that is happening now;
any continuous stretch of time including the moment of speech (Freq. 17)
- that is enough for the present
- he lives in the present with no thought of tomorrow
Syn:
nowadays
Hypernyms:
time
Hyponyms:
now, here and now, present moment, moment, date,
time being, nonce, today, tonight
2. something presented as a gift (Freq. 4)
- his tie was a present from his wife
Hypernyms:
gift
Hyponyms:
birthday present, birthday gift, Christmas present, Christmas gift, wedding present, wedding gift
3. a verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking
Syn:
present tense
Hypernyms:
tense
Hyponyms:
historical present

II - verb
1. give an exhibition of to an interested audience (Freq. 40)
- She shows her dogs frequently
- We will demo the new software in Washington
Syn:
show, demo, exhibit, demonstrate
Derivationally related forms:
demonstration (for: demonstrate), demonstrator (for: demonstrate), presentment, presentation, exhibitor (for: exhibit), demo (for: demo), show (for: show), showing (for: show)
Hypernyms:
show
Hyponyms:
bring home
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody something
- Somebody ----s something to somebody
- Somebody ----s somebody with something
2. bring forward and present to the mind (Freq. 28)
- We presented the arguments to him
- We cannot represent this knowledge to our formal reason
Syn:
represent, lay out
Derivationally related forms:
representation (for: represent), presentation
Hypernyms:
state, say, tell
Hyponyms:
argue, reason, indicate, spin
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s something to somebody
3. perform (a play), especially on a stage (Freq. 14)
- we are going to stage 'Othello'
Syn:
stage, represent
Derivationally related forms:
representation (for: represent), presentment, stage (for: stage), stager (for: stage), staging (for: stage)
Topics:
performing arts
Hypernyms:
re-create
Hyponyms:
set, localize, localise, place
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Did he present his major works over a short period of time?
4. hand over formally (Freq. 13)
Syn:
submit
Derivationally related forms:
presentation, presenter
Hypernyms:
give
Hyponyms:
bring in
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s something to somebody
- Somebody ----s somebody with something
5. introduce (Freq. 7)
- This poses an interesting question
Syn:
pose
Hypernyms:
constitute, represent, make up, comprise, be
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
6. give, especially as an honor or reward (Freq. 3)
- bestow honors and prizes at graduation
Syn:
award
Derivationally related forms:
presentation, award (for: award)
Hypernyms:
allocate, apportion
Hyponyms:
certificate, confer, bestow
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody something
- Somebody ----s something to somebody
7. deliver (a speech, oration, or idea) (Freq. 3)
- The commencement speaker presented a forceful speech that impressed the students
Syn:
deliver
Derivationally related forms:
presentation, delivery (for: deliver)
Hypernyms:
talk, speak, utter, mouth, verbalize, verbalise
Hyponyms:
speechify
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
8. give as a present;
make a gift of (Freq. 3)
- What will you give her for her birthday?
Syn:
give, gift
Derivationally related forms:
presenter, gift (for: gift), giver (for: give), giving (for: give)
Hyponyms:
endow, dower, distribute, give out, hand out,
pass out, give away, raffle, raffle off, tip, fee,
bung, bequeath, will, leave, surrender, cede,
deliver, give up, grant, deed over, treat, donate,
tender, render, submit
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody something
- Somebody ----s something to somebody
9. cause to come to know personally (Freq. 2)
- permit me to acquaint you with my son
- introduce the new neighbors to the community
Syn:
introduce, acquaint
Derivationally related forms:
acquaintance (for: acquaint), presentation, presenter, introduction (for: introduce)
Hypernyms:
inform
Hyponyms:
reintroduce, re-introduce, introduce, bring out
Verb Group:
familiarize, familiarise, acquaint
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE
10. represent abstractly, for example in a painting, drawing, or sculpture (Freq. 1)
- The father is portrayed as a good-looking man in this painting
Syn:
portray
Derivationally related forms:
presentment, presentation, portraitist (for: portray), portraiture (for: portray), portrayer (for: portray), portraying (for: portray), portrayal (for: portray)
Topics:
art, artistic creation, artistic production
Hypernyms:
represent, interpret
Hyponyms:
commend
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
11. present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize
- We confronted him with the evidence
- He was faced with all the evidence and could no longer deny his actions
- An enormous dilemma faces us
Syn:
confront, face
Derivationally related forms:
confrontation (for: confront)
Verb Group:
confront, face up, face
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody with something
12. formally present a debutante, a representative of a country, etc.
Derivationally related forms:
presentation
Hypernyms:
introduce, acquaint
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
13. recognize with a gesture prescribed by a military regulation;
assume a prescribed position
- When the officers show up, the soldiers have to salute
Syn:
salute
Derivationally related forms:
salute (for: salute)
Hypernyms:
greet, recognize, recognise
Entailment:
gesticulate, gesture, motion
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s

III - adjective
1. temporal sense;
intermediate between past and future;
now existing or happening or in consideration (Freq. 60)
- the present leader
- articles for present use
- the present topic
- the present system
- present observations
Ant:
future, past
Similar to:
existing, immediate, instant, inst, latter-day
Derivationally related forms:
presentness
Attrubites:
timing
2. being or existing in a specified place (Freq. 39)
- the murderer is present in this room
- present at the wedding
- present at the creation
Ant:
absent
Similar to:
attendant, ever-present, existing, here, naturally occurring,
omnipresent, ubiquitous
Derivationally related forms:
presence
Attrubites:
presence

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