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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
preparation


noun
1. the activity of putting or setting in order in advance of some act or purpose (Freq. 14)
- preparations for the ceremony had begun
Syn:
readying
Derivationally related forms:
ready (for: readying), prepare
Hypernyms:
activity
Hyponyms:
fire control, deployment, groundwork, makeready, priming,
planning, turnaround, turnround, warm-up, tune-up, prolusion
2. a substance prepared according to a formula (Freq. 5)
- the physician prescribed a commercial preparation of the medicine
Syn:
formulation
Derivationally related forms:
formulate (for: formulation)
Hypernyms:
compound, chemical compound
Hyponyms:
cleansing agent, cleanser, cleaner, glycerinated gelatin, nebula,
polish, starch, smelling salts
3. the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening (Freq. 2)
- his planning for retirement was hindered by several uncertainties
Syn:
planning, provision
Derivationally related forms:
plan (for: planning)
Hypernyms:
thinking, thought, thought process, cerebration, intellection, mentation
Hyponyms:
agreement, arrangement, applecart, mens rea, malice aforethought,
calculation, deliberation, premeditation, forethought
4. the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action (especially military action)
- putting them in readiness
- their preparation was more than adequate
Syn:
readiness, preparedness
Derivationally related forms:
prepare, prepared (for: preparedness), ready (for: readiness)
Topics:
military, armed forces, armed services, military machine, war machine
Hypernyms:
state
Hyponyms:
ready, alert, qui vive
Attrubites:
ready, unready
5. (music) a note that produces a dissonant chord is first heard in a consonant chord
- the resolution of one dissonance is often the preparation for another dissonance
Ant:
resolution
Derivationally related forms:
prepare
Topics:
music
Hypernyms:
harmony, musical harmony
6. preparatory school work done outside school (especially at home)
Syn:
homework, prep
Derivationally related forms:
prepare
Hypernyms:
school assignment, schoolwork
Part Holonyms:
education, instruction, teaching, pedagogy, didactics, educational activity
7. activity leading to skilled behavior
Syn:
training, grooming
Derivationally related forms:
groom (for: grooming), prepare, train (for: training)
Hypernyms:
activity
Hyponyms:
athletic training, discipline, drill, exercise, practice,
practice session, recitation, military training, retraining, schooling, skull session,
skull practice, toilet training
8. the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat
- cooking can be a great art
- people are needed who have experience in cookery
- he left the preparation of meals to his wife
Syn:
cooking, cookery
Derivationally related forms:
prepare, cook (for: cookery), cook (for: cooking)
Members of this Topic:
challah, hallah, Jewish rye bread, Jewish rye, squid,
calamari, calamary, curry, Chinese brown sauce, brown sauce, caramelize,
caramelise, alcoholize, alcoholise, conserve, pickle, salt,
marinade, marinate, can, tin, put up, brine,
spike, lace, fortify, reduce, boil down, concentrate,
decoct, bake, ovenbake, brown, coddle, fire,
farce, stuff, baste, souse, microwave, micro-cook,
zap, nuke, crispen, toast, crisp, shirr,
blanch, parboil, overboil, fricassee, stew, jug,
simmer, roast, barbeque, barbecue, cook out, pan roast,
braise, fry, frizzle, deep-fat-fry, griddle, pan-fry,
french-fry, deep-fry, stir fry, saute, grill, hibachi,
steam, broil, oven broil, pan-broil, pressure-cook, bruise,
char, blacken, sear, scorch, try, render,
splat, clarify, dun, corn, fillet, filet,
puree, strain, egg, dredge, flour, crumb,
truss, bread, mask, dress, sauce, whisk,
whip, cream, beat, scramble, churn, rice,
frost, ice, butterfly, put on, spatchcock, devil,
cook, precook, whip up, whomp up, concoct, cook up,
lard, season, flavor, flavour, zest, spice,
spice up, ginger, savor, savour, pepper
Hypernyms:
change of state
Hyponyms:
baking, toasting, browning, broil, broiling,
grilling, frying, sauteing, fusion cooking, braising, poaching,
poaching, boiling, stewing, simmering, percolation,
cuisine, culinary art
Part Meronyms:
tenderization, tenderisation, seasoning

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