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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
lead



I - noun
1. an advantage held by a competitor in a race (Freq. 7)
- he took the lead at the last turn
Hypernyms:
advantage, vantage
2. a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element;
bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey (Freq. 6)
- the children were playing with lead soldiers
Syn:
Pb, atomic number 82
Hypernyms:
metallic element, metal
Hyponyms:
hard lead, antimonial lead, pig lead
Substance Holonyms:
galena, cerussite, white lead ore
3. evidence pointing to a possible solution (Freq. 3)
- the police are following a promising lead
- the trail led straight to the perpetrator
Syn:
track, trail
Derivationally related forms:
track (for: track)
Hypernyms:
evidence, grounds
4. a position of leadership (especially in the phrase 'take the lead') (Freq. 3)
- he takes the lead in any group
- we were just waiting for someone to take the lead
- they didn't follow our lead
Hypernyms:
leadership, leading
5. the angle between the direction a gun is aimed and the position of a moving target (correcting for the flight time of the missile) (Freq. 1)
Hypernyms:
angle
6. the introductory section of a story (Freq. 1)
- it was an amusing lead-in to a very serious matter
Syn:
lead-in, lede
Hypernyms:
section, subdivision
Part Holonyms:
news article, news story, newspaper article
7. (sports) the score by which a team or individual is winning
Ant:
deficit
Topics:
sport, athletics
Hypernyms:
score
8. an actor who plays a principal role
Syn:
star, principal
Derivationally related forms:
star (for: star)
Hypernyms:
actor, histrion, player, thespian, role player
Hyponyms:
co-star, film star, movie star, idol, matinee idol,
television star, TV star
9. (baseball) the position taken by a base runner preparing to advance to the next base
- he took a long lead off first
Topics:
baseball, baseball game
Hypernyms:
position, place
10. an indication of potential opportunity
- he got a tip on the stock market
- a good lead for a job
Syn:
tip, steer, confidential information, wind, hint
Derivationally related forms:
hint (for: hint), steer (for: steer), tipster (for: tip), tip (for: tip)
Hypernyms:
guidance, counsel, counseling, counselling, direction
11. a news story of major importance
Syn:
lead story
Hypernyms:
news article, news story, newspaper article
12. the timing of ignition relative to the position of the piston in an internal-combustion engine
Syn:
spark advance
Hypernyms:
timing
13. restraint consisting of a rope (or light chain) used to restrain an animal
Syn:
leash, tether
Derivationally related forms:
tether (for: tether), leash (for: leash)
Hypernyms:
restraint, constraint
14. thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing
Syn:
leading
Hypernyms:
strip, slip
15. mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness;
the marking substance in a pencil
Syn:
pencil lead
Hypernyms:
graphite, black lead, plumbago
Part Holonyms:
lead pencil
16. a jumper that consists of a short piece of wire
- it was a tangle of jumper cables and clip leads
Syn:
jumper cable, jumper lead, booster cable
Hypernyms:
jumper, wire, conducting wire
Hyponyms:
clip lead
17. the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge
- the lead was in the dummy
Hypernyms:
turn, play
Part Holonyms:
card game, cards

II - verb
1. take somebody somewhere (Freq. 40)
- We lead him to our chief
- can you take me to the main entrance?
- He conducted us to the palace
Syn:
take, direct, conduct, guide
Derivationally related forms:
guide (for: guide), leader
Hyponyms:
beacon, hand, mislead, misdirect, misguide,
lead astray, usher, show
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- The men lead the horses across the field
2. have as a result or residue (Freq. 35)
- The water left a mark on the silk dress
- Her blood left a stain on the napkin
Syn:
leave, result
Derivationally related forms:
resultant (for: result), result (for: result)
Hypernyms:
produce, bring about, give rise
Verb Group:
leave
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
3. tend to or result in (Freq. 27)
- This remark lead to further arguments among the guests
Hypernyms:
leave, result
Hyponyms:
entail, implicate, necessitate
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
4. travel in front of;
go in advance of others (Freq. 17)
- The procession was headed by John
Syn:
head
Derivationally related forms:
head (for: head), leader
Hypernyms:
precede
Hyponyms:
draw away
Verb Group:
head, head up
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
5. cause to undertake a certain action (Freq. 17)
- Her greed led her to forge the checks
Derivationally related forms:
leader
Hypernyms:
induce, stimulate, cause, have, get, make
Hyponyms:
give
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE
- They lead him to write the letter
6. stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope;
run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point (Freq. 13)
- Service runs all the way to Cranbury
- His knowledge doesn't go very far
- My memory extends back to my fourth year of life
- The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets
Syn:
run, go, pass, extend
See Also:
extend to (for: extend), run along (for: run)
Derivationally related forms:
extent (for: extend)
Hypernyms:
be
Hyponyms:
come, radiate, ray, go far, go deep
Verb Group:
range, run
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
7. be in charge of (Freq. 13)
- Who is heading this project?
Syn:
head
Derivationally related forms:
leader, head (for: head)
Hypernyms:
direct
Hyponyms:
chair, chairman, captain, spearhead, take hold,
take charge, take control
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- They lead him to write the letter
8. be ahead of others;
be the first (Freq. 10)
- she topped her class every year
Syn:
top
Derivationally related forms:
top (for: top), topper (for: top)
Entailment:
compete, vie, contend
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
9. be conducive to (Freq. 9)
- The use of computers in the classroom lead to better writing
Syn:
contribute, conduce
Derivationally related forms:
conducive (for: conduce), contributive (for: contribute), contributory (for: contribute)
Hypernyms:
promote, advance, boost, further, encourage
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
10. lead, as in the performance of a composition (Freq. 8)
- conduct an orchestra; Barenboim conducted the Chicago symphony for years
Syn:
conduct, direct
Derivationally related forms:
director (for: direct), conducting (for: conduct)
Topics:
music
Hypernyms:
perform, execute, do
Verb Group:
conduct
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
11. lead, extend, or afford access (Freq. 5)
- This door goes to the basement
- The road runs South
Syn:
go
Hypernyms:
be
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
12. move ahead (of others) in time or space (Freq. 2)
Syn:
precede
Ant:
follow (for: precede)
Derivationally related forms:
precedency (for: precede)
Hypernyms:
travel, go, move, locomote
Hyponyms:
head
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
13. cause something to pass or lead somewhere (Freq. 1)
- Run the wire behind the cabinet
Syn:
run
Hypernyms:
pass, make pass
Verb Group:
guide, run, draw, pass, range
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something PP
14. preside over
- John moderated the discussion
Syn:
moderate, chair
Derivationally related forms:
chair (for: chair), moderator (for: moderate)
Hypernyms:
hash out, discuss, talk over
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something

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