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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
gain



I - noun
1. a quantity that is added (Freq. 6)
- there was an addition to property taxes this year
- they recorded the cattle's gain in weight over a period of weeks
Syn:
addition, increase
Derivationally related forms:
increase (for: increase)
Hypernyms:
indefinite quantity
Hyponyms:
accretion
2. the advantageous quality of being beneficial (Freq. 2)
Syn:
profit
Derivationally related forms:
profit (for: profit)
Hypernyms:
advantage, vantage
Hyponyms:
account, profitableness, profitability, gainfulness, lucrativeness
3. the amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current expressed as the ratio of output to input (Freq. 2)
Syn:
amplification
Hypernyms:
increase, increment
Hyponyms:
loop gain
4. the amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its cost of operating (Freq. 1)
Ant:
loss
Hypernyms:
sum, sum of money, amount, amount of money
Hyponyms:
financial gain, paper profit

II - verb
1. obtain (Freq. 27)
- derive pleasure from one's garden
Syn:
derive
Hypernyms:
obtain
Hyponyms:
reap, draw
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s something from somebody
2. win something through one's efforts (Freq. 13)
- I acquired a passing knowledge of Chinese
- Gain an understanding of international finance
Syn:
acquire, win
Ant:
lose (for: win)
Derivationally related forms:
gainer, winner (for: win), win (for: win), winnings (for: win), winning (for: win)
Hypernyms:
get, acquire
Hyponyms:
cozen
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s something from somebody
- They gain the money
3. derive a benefit from (Freq. 7)
- She profited from his vast experience
Syn:
profit, benefit
Derivationally related forms:
benefit (for: benefit), gainer, profit (for: profit)
Hypernyms:
get, acquire
Hyponyms:
cash in on, profiteer, capitalize, capitalise, take advantage,
pyramid, net, sack, sack up, clear
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
4. reach a destination, either real or abstract (Freq. 5)
- We hit Detroit by noon
- The water reached the doorstep
- We barely made it to the finish line
- I have to hit the MAC machine before the weekend starts
Syn:
reach, make, attain, hit, arrive at
Derivationally related forms:
attainment (for: attain)
Hyponyms:
catch up, scale, surmount, access, get at,
bottom out, top out, peak, summit, breast, top,
top, find, culminate, get through, come through,
ground, run aground
Verb Group:
make
Entailment:
travel, go, move, locomote
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
5. obtain advantages, such as points, etc. (Freq. 2)
- The home team was gaining ground
- After defeating the Knicks, the Blazers pulled ahead of the Lakers in the battle for the number-one playoff berth in the Western Conference
Syn:
advance, win, pull ahead, make headway, get ahead, gain ground
Ant:
fall back
Derivationally related forms:
win (for: win), gainer
Hyponyms:
steal, score, hit, tally, rack up
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
6. rise in rate or price (Freq. 2)
- The stock market gained 24 points today
Syn:
advance
Derivationally related forms:
advance (for: advance)
Hypernyms:
wax, mount, climb, rise
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something ----s something
- The moon will soon gain
7. increase or develop (Freq. 2)
- the peace movement gained momentum
- the car gathers speed
Syn:
gather
Hypernyms:
increase
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
8. earn on some commercial or business transaction;
earn as salary or wages (Freq. 1)
- How much do you make a month in your new job?
- She earns a lot in her new job
- this merger brought in lots of money
- He clears $5,000 each month
Syn:
take in, clear, make, earn, realize,
realise, pull in, bring in
Derivationally related forms:
earner (for: earn), gainer
Hypernyms:
get, acquire
Hyponyms:
eke out, squeeze out, profit, turn a profit, rake off,
take home, bring home, rake in, shovel in, gross, yield,
pay, bear
Verb Group:
net, sack, sack up, clear, make
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- They gain the money
9. increase (one's body weight)
- She gained 20 pounds when she stopped exercising
Syn:
put on
Ant:
reduce
Derivationally related forms:
gainer
Hypernyms:
change state, turn
Hyponyms:
round, flesh out, fill out, pack on
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something

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