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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
cross



I - noun
1. a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece (Freq. 2)
Hypernyms:
structure, construction
2. a marking that consists of lines that cross each other (Freq. 1)
Syn:
crisscross, mark
Derivationally related forms:
mark (for: mark), crisscross (for: crisscross)
Hypernyms:
marking
3. any affliction that causes great suffering
- that is his cross to bear
- he bears his afflictions like a crown of thorns
Syn:
crown of thorns
Hypernyms:
affliction
4. (genetics) an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock;
especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species
- a mule is a cross between a horse and a donkey
Syn:
hybrid, crossbreed
Derivationally related forms:
crossbreed (for: crossbreed), hybrid (for: hybrid), hybridize (for: hybrid)
Topics:
genetics, genetic science
Hypernyms:
organism, being
Hyponyms:
dihybrid, monohybrid
5. (genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids
Syn:
hybridization, hybridisation, crossbreeding, crossing, interbreeding, hybridizing
Derivationally related forms:
hybridize (for: hybridizing), interbreed (for: interbreeding), cross (for: crossing), hybridise (for: hybridisation), hybridize (for: hybridization)
Topics:
genetics, genetic science
Hypernyms:
coupling, mating, pairing, conjugation, union, sexual union
Hyponyms:
dihybrid cross, monohybrid cross, reciprocal cross, reciprocal, testcross, test-cross

II - verb
1. travel across or pass over (Freq. 47)
- The caravan covered almost 100 miles each day
Syn:
traverse, track, cover, pass over, get over,
get across, cut through, cut across
Derivationally related forms:
crossing, track (for: track), traverse (for: traverse), traverser (for: traverse), traversal (for: traverse)
Hypernyms:
pass, go through, go across
Hyponyms:
tramp, stride, walk, crisscross, ford,
bridge, jaywalk, drive, take, course, hop
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s PP
- These men cross the river
2. meet at a point (Freq. 7)
Syn:
intersect
Derivationally related forms:
crossing, intersectant (for: intersect), intersection (for: intersect)
Hypernyms:
meet, run into, encounter, run across, come across, see
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
- Our properties cross at this point
- His fields cross mine at this point
3. hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of (Freq. 1)
- What ultimately frustrated every challenger was Ruth's amazing September surge
- foil your opponent
Syn:
thwart, queer, spoil, scotch, foil,
frustrate, baffle, bilk
See Also:
double cross
Derivationally related forms:
frustrative (for: frustrate), frustration (for: frustrate), foiling (for: foil), thwarter (for: thwart), thwarting (for: thwart)
Hypernyms:
prevent, forestall, foreclose, preclude, forbid
Hyponyms:
disappoint, let down, dash, short-circuit, ruin
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
- Sam cannot cross Sue
4. fold so as to resemble a cross (Freq. 1)
- she crossed her legs
Ant:
uncross
Hypernyms:
fold, fold up, turn up
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
5. to cover or extend over an area or time period
- Rivers traverse the valley floor", "The parking lot spans 3 acres
- The novel spans three centuries
Syn:
traverse, span, sweep
Derivationally related forms:
sweep (for: sweep), span (for: span)
Hypernyms:
cover, continue, extend
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
6. meet and pass
- the trains crossed
Hypernyms:
intersect
Hyponyms:
decussate
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
7. trace a line through or across
- cross your 't'
Hypernyms:
write
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
8. breed animals or plants using parents of different races and varieties
- cross a horse and a donkey
- Mendel tried crossbreeding
- these species do not interbreed
Syn:
crossbreed, hybridize, hybridise, interbreed
Derivationally related forms:
interbreeding (for: interbreed), hybridisation (for: hybridise), hybridization (for: hybridize), hybridizing (for: hybridize), hybrid (for: hybridize), crossing, crossbreed (for: crossbreed)
Hypernyms:
breed
Hyponyms:
backcross
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something

III - adjective
1. extending or lying across;
in a crosswise direction;
at right angles to the long axis (Freq. 4)
- cross members should be all steel
- from the transverse hall the stairway ascends gracefully
- transversal vibrations
- transverse colon
Syn:
transverse, transversal, thwartwise
Similar to:
crosswise
2. annoyed and irritable (Freq. 1)
Syn:
crabbed, crabby, fussy, grouchy, grumpy,
bad-tempered, ill-tempered
Similar to:
ill-natured
Derivationally related forms:
grump (for: grumpy), grumpiness (for: grumpy), grouch (for: grouchy), fussiness (for: fussy), crossness, crab (for: crabby), crabbiness (for: crabby), crabbedness (for: crabbed)

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