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block



I - noun
1. a solid piece of something (usually having flat rectangular sides) (Freq. 29)
- the pyramids were built with large stone blocks
Derivationally related forms:
blocky
Hypernyms:
artifact, artefact
Hyponyms:
anvil, briquette, briquet, cake, bar,
chock, wedge, chopping block, crosshead, cube, square block,
domino, ingot, metal bar, block of metal, nog, nut,
pad, inkpad, inking pad, stamp pad, slab, starting block,
step, swage block, type
2. a rectangular area in a city surrounded by streets and usually containing several buildings (Freq. 6)
- he lives in the next block
Syn:
city block
Hypernyms:
area, country
3. a three-dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides (Freq. 1)
Syn:
cube
Derivationally related forms:
cuboidal (for: cube), cubical (for: cube), cube (for: cube), blocky
Hypernyms:
solid
Hyponyms:
goldbrick
4. a number or quantity of related things dealt with as a unit (Freq. 1)
- he reserved a large block of seats
- he held a large block of the company's stock
Hypernyms:
collection, aggregation, accumulation, assemblage
5. housing in a large building that is divided into separate units (Freq. 1)
- there is a block of classrooms in the west wing
Hypernyms:
housing, lodging, living accommodations
Hyponyms:
cellblock, ward, hospital ward
6. (computer science) a sector or group of sectors that function as the smallest data unit permitted
- since blocks are often defined as a single sector, the terms 'block' and 'sector' are sometimes used interchangeably
Topics:
computer science, computing
Hypernyms:
computer memory unit
Hyponyms:
bad block
Part Meronyms:
sector
7. an inability to remember or think of something you normally can do;
often caused by emotional tension
- I knew his name perfectly well but I had a temporary block
Syn:
mental block
Hypernyms:
inability
Hyponyms:
writer's block
8. a simple machine consisting of a wheel with a groove in which a rope can run to change the direction or point of application of a force applied to the rope
Syn:
pulley, pulley-block, pulley block
Hypernyms:
machine, simple machine
Hyponyms:
bollock, bullock block, fairlead, idle pulley, idler pulley, idle wheel
Part Holonyms:
block and tackle
9. a metal casting containing the cylinders and cooling ducts of an engine
- the engine had to be replaced because the block was cracked
Syn:
engine block, cylinder block
Hypernyms:
cast, casting
Part Holonyms:
internal-combustion engine, ICE, reciprocating engine
Part Meronyms:
cylinder, piston chamber
10. an obstruction in a pipe or tube
- we had to call a plumber to clear out the blockage in the drainpipe
Syn:
blockage, closure, occlusion, stop, stoppage
Derivationally related forms:
block (for: blockage)
Hypernyms:
obstruction, obstructor, obstructer, impediment, impedimenta
Hyponyms:
breechblock, breech closer, plug, stopper, stopple,
vapor lock, vapour lock
11. a platform from which an auctioneer sells
- they put their paintings on the block
Syn:
auction block
Hypernyms:
platform
12. the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements
Syn:
blocking
Derivationally related forms:
block (for: blocking)
Hypernyms:
obstruction
Hyponyms:
interference, trap block, parry

II - verb
1. render unsuitable for passage (Freq. 7)
- block the way
- barricade the streets
- stop the busy road
Syn:
barricade, blockade, stop, block off, block up, bar
Derivationally related forms:
bar (for: bar), stop (for: stop), stopper (for: stop), blockade (for: blockade), blockage, blocking, barricade (for: barricade)
Hypernyms:
obstruct, obturate, impede, occlude, jam, close up
Hyponyms:
shut off, block off, close off, close
Verb Group:
obstruct
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
2. hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of (Freq. 3)
- His brother blocked him at every turn
Syn:
obstruct, blockade, hinder, stymie, stymy, embarrass
Derivationally related forms:
stymie (for: stymie), hindrance (for: hinder), blockage, obstruction (for: obstruct), obstructer (for: obstruct), obstructor (for: obstruct)
Hypernyms:
prevent, forestall, foreclose, preclude, forbid
Hyponyms:
stonewall, filibuster, check, hang, bottleneck
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
3. stop from happening or developing (Freq. 1)
- Block his election
- Halt the process
Syn:
stop, halt, kibosh
Derivationally related forms:
blockage, halt (for: halt), stop (for: stop)
Hypernyms:
prevent, forestall, foreclose, preclude, forbid
Hyponyms:
embargo, stay
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- They block him from writing the letter
4. interfere with or prevent the reception of signals (Freq. 1)
- Jam the Voice of America
- block the signals emitted by this station
Syn:
jam
Derivationally related forms:
jam (for: jam), jamming (for: jam)
Hypernyms:
interrupt, disrupt, break up, cut off
Hyponyms:
barrage jam, point jam, spot jam, blanket jam
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
5. run on a block system
- block trains
Hypernyms:
operate, run
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
6. interrupt the normal function of by means of anesthesia
- block a nerve
- block a muscle
Derivationally related forms:
blocker
Hypernyms:
anesthetize, anaesthetize, anesthetise, anaesthetise, put under, put out
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
7. shut out from view or get in the way so as to hide from sight
- The thick curtain blocked the action on the stage
- The trees obstruct my view of the mountains
Syn:
obstruct
Derivationally related forms:
blockage
Hypernyms:
hide, conceal
Verb Group:
barricade, blockade, stop, block off, block up, bar
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
8. stamp or emboss a title or design on a book with a block
- block the book cover
Hypernyms:
emboss, boss, stamp
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
9. obstruct
- My nose is all stuffed
- Her arteries are blocked
Syn:
stuff, lug, choke up
Ant:
unstuff (for: stuff)
Derivationally related forms:
blockage
Hypernyms:
clog, choke off, clog up, back up, congest,
choke, foul
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
10. block passage through
- obstruct the path
Syn:
obstruct, obturate, impede, occlude, jam, close up
Ant:
free (for: obstruct)
Derivationally related forms:
blocking, occlusive (for: occlude), occlusion (for: occlude), impediment (for: impede), obturator (for: obturate), obstructive (for: obstruct), obstruction (for: obstruct), obstructer (for: obstruct), obstructor (for: obstruct)
Hypernyms:
impede, hinder
Hyponyms:
blockade, block off, barricade, barricado, suffocate,
stifle, asphyxiate, choke, tie up, dam, dam up,
screen, block out, land up, earth up, stop, block up,
block up, clog, choke off, clog up, back up,
congest, foul
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
11. support, secure, or raise with a block
- block a plate for printing
- block the wheels of a car
Hypernyms:
hold, support, sustain, hold up
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
12. impede the movement of (an opponent or a ball)
- block an attack
Syn:
parry, deflect
Derivationally related forms:
blocker, blockage, blocking, parry (for: parry)
Hypernyms:
fence
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
13. be unable to remember
- I'm drawing a blank
- You are blocking the name of your first wife!
Syn:
forget, blank out, draw a blank
Ant:
remember (for: forget)
Hyponyms:
slip, slip one's mind
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
14. shape by using a block
- Block a hat
- block a garment
Hypernyms:
shape, form
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
15. shape into a block or blocks
- block the graphs so one can see the results clearly
Hypernyms:
shape, form
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
16. prohibit the conversion or use of (assets)
- Blocked funds
- Freeze the assets of this hostile government
Syn:
freeze, immobilize, immobilise
Ant:
unblock, unfreeze (for: freeze)
Derivationally related forms:
freeze (for: freeze)
Hypernyms:
withhold, keep back
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- They block the money

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