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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
balance



I - noun
1. a state of equilibrium (Freq. 28)
Ant:
imbalance
Hypernyms:
equilibrium
Hyponyms:
tension, electrolyte balance, nitrogen balance
2. equality between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account (Freq. 3)
Hypernyms:
equality
Hyponyms:
trial balance
Part Holonyms:
account, accounting, account statement
3. harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design) (Freq. 1)
- "in all perfectly beautiful objects there is found the opposition of one part to another and a reciprocal balance"- John Ruskin
Syn:
proportion, proportionality
Derivationally related forms:
proportion (for: proportion)
Hypernyms:
placement, arrangement
4. equality of distribution
Syn:
equilibrium, equipoise, counterbalance
Derivationally related forms:
equilibrate (for: equilibrium), equilibrize (for: equilibrium)
Hypernyms:
structure, construction
Hyponyms:
conformation, symmetry, proportion
5. something left after other parts have been taken away
- there was no remainder
- he threw away the rest
- he took what he wanted and I got the balance
Syn:
remainder, residual, residue, residuum, rest
Derivationally related forms:
residuary (for: residue), residual (for: residue), residual (for: residual), remainder (for: remainder), remain (for: remainder)
Hypernyms:
part, portion, component part, component, constituent
Hyponyms:
leftover, remnant
6. the difference between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account
Hypernyms:
remainder, difference
Hyponyms:
balance of trade, trade balance, visible balance, trade gap, carry-over,
carry-forward, compensating balance, offsetting balance, invisible balance
7. (mathematics) an attribute of a shape or relation;
exact reflection of form on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane
Syn:
symmetry, symmetricalness, correspondence
Ant:
asymmetry (for: symmetry)
Derivationally related forms:
symmetrical (for: symmetricalness), symmetric (for: symmetry), symmetrize (for: symmetry), symmetrise (for: symmetry)
Topics:
mathematics, math, maths
Hypernyms:
spatial property, spatiality
Hyponyms:
regularity, geometrical regularity, bilaterality, bilateralism, bilateral symmetry, radial symmetry
8. a weight that balances another weight
Syn:
counterweight, counterbalance, counterpoise, equalizer, equaliser
Derivationally related forms:
equalise (for: equaliser), equalize (for: equalizer), counterpoise (for: counterpoise), counterbalance (for: counterbalance), counterweight (for: counterweight)
Hypernyms:
weight
Hyponyms:
sash weight, tare
9. a wheel that regulates the rate of movement in a machine;
especially a wheel oscillating against the hairspring of a timepiece to regulate its beat
Syn:
balance wheel
Hypernyms:
wheel
Part Holonyms:
timepiece, timekeeper, horologe
10. a scale for weighing;
depends on pull of gravity
Hypernyms:
scale, weighing machine
Hyponyms:
beam balance, electronic balance, microbalance, spring balance, spring scale,
steelyard, lever scale, beam scale

II - verb
1. bring into balance or equilibrium (Freq. 6)
- She has to balance work and her domestic duties
- balance the two weights
Syn:
equilibrate, equilibrize, equilibrise
Ant:
unbalance
Derivationally related forms:
equilibrium (for: equilibrize), equilibrium (for: equilibrate)
Hypernyms:
match, fit
Hyponyms:
complement, compensate, counterbalance, correct, make up,
even out, even off, even up, cancel, offset, set off,
countervail, trim
Verb Group:
poise
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
2. compute credits and debits of an account (Freq. 3)
Hypernyms:
account, calculate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
3. hold or carry in equilibrium (Freq. 2)
Syn:
poise
Derivationally related forms:
balancer, poise (for: poise)
Hypernyms:
hold, carry, bear
Hyponyms:
juggle
Verb Group:
equilibrate, equilibrize, equilibrise
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
4. be in equilibrium (Freq. 1)
- He was balancing on one foot
Derivationally related forms:
balancer
Hypernyms:
be
Verb Group:
equilibrate, equilibrize, equilibrise
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- The children balance in the rocking chair
- There balance some children in the rocking chair

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