Chuyển bộ gõ


Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
spoil



I - noun
1. (usually plural) valuables taken by violence (especially in war)
- to the victor belong the spoils of the enemy
Usage Domain:
plural, plural form
Hypernyms:
stolen property
2. the act of spoiling something by causing damage to it
- her spoiling my dress was deliberate
Syn:
spoiling, spoilage
Derivationally related forms:
spoil (for: spoilage), spoil (for: spoiling)
Hypernyms:
injury
3. the act of stripping and taking by force
Syn:
spoliation, spoilation, despoilation, despoilment, despoliation
Derivationally related forms:
despoil (for: despoliation), despoil (for: despoilment), spoil (for: spoilation), spoil (for: spoliation)
Hypernyms:
plundering, pillage, pillaging

II - verb
1. make a mess of, destroy or ruin (Freq. 2)
- I botched the dinner and we had to eat out
- the pianist screwed up the difficult passage in the second movement
Syn:
botch, bodge, bumble, fumble, botch up,
muff, blow, flub, screw up, ball up, muck up,
bungle, fluff, bollix, bollix up, bollocks, bollocks up,
bobble, mishandle, louse up, foul up, mess up, fuck up
Derivationally related forms:
fuckup (for: fuck up), mess-up (for: mess up), foul-up (for: foul up), fluff (for: fluff), bungle (for: bungle), bungler (for: bungle), spoilage, spoiling, ballup (for: ball up), screwup (for: screw up), flub (for: flub), fumbler (for: fumble), bumbler (for: bumble), botcher (for: botch), botch (for: botch)
Hypernyms:
fail, go wrong, miscarry
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
2. become unfit for consumption or use (Freq. 1)
- the meat must be eaten before it spoils
Syn:
go bad
Derivationally related forms:
spoilage, spoiling
Hypernyms:
decay
Hyponyms:
addle, curdle
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
3. alter from the original (Freq. 1)
Syn:
corrupt
Derivationally related forms:
spoliation
Hypernyms:
modify
Hyponyms:
load, adulterate, stretch, dilute, debase
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
4. make imperfect
- nothing marred her beauty
Syn:
mar, impair, deflower, vitiate
Derivationally related forms:
defloration (for: deflower), impairment (for: impair), impairer (for: impair), mar (for: mar)
Hypernyms:
damage
Hyponyms:
defile, sully, corrupt, taint, cloud,
deface, disfigure, blemish
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
5. treat with excessive indulgence
- grandparents often pamper the children
- Let's not mollycoddle our students!
Syn:
pamper, featherbed, cosset, cocker, baby,
coddle, mollycoddle, indulge
Derivationally related forms:
indulging (for: indulge), indulgence (for: indulge), spoiler, mollycoddler (for: mollycoddle), mollycoddle (for: mollycoddle), coddler (for: coddle), baby (for: baby), pamperer (for: pamper), pampering (for: pamper)
Hypernyms:
treat, handle, do by
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
6. destroy and strip of its possession
- The soldiers raped the beautiful country
Syn:
rape, despoil, violate, plunder
Derivationally related forms:
plundering (for: plunder), despoilment (for: despoil), despoliation (for: despoil), spoliation, spoilation, rape (for: rape)
Hypernyms:
destroy, ruin
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
7. hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of
- What ultimately frustrated every challenger was Ruth's amazing September surge
- foil your opponent
Syn:
thwart, queer, scotch, foil, cross,
frustrate, baffle, bilk
See Also:
double cross (for: cross)
Derivationally related forms:
frustrative (for: frustrate), frustration (for: frustrate), cross (for: cross), foiling (for: foil), thwarter (for: thwart), thwarting (for: thwart)
Hypernyms:
prevent, forestall, foreclose, preclude, forbid
Hyponyms:
disappoint, let down, dash, short-circuit, ruin
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
8. have a strong desire or urge to do something
- She is itching to start the project
- He is spoiling for a fight
Syn:
itch
Derivationally related forms:
itch (for: itch)
Hypernyms:
desire, want
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE

▼ Từ liên quan / Related words
Related search result for "spoil"

Giới thiệu VNDIC.net | Plugin từ diển cho Firefox | Từ điển cho Toolbar IE | Tra cứu nhanh cho IE | Vndic bookmarklet | Học từ vựng | Vndic trên web của bạn

© Copyright 2006-2018 VNDIC.NET & VDICT.CO all rights reserved.