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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
process



I - noun
1. a particular course of action intended to achieve a result (Freq. 63)
- the procedure of obtaining a driver's license
- it was a process of trial and error
Syn:
procedure
Derivationally related forms:
procedural (for: procedure), proceed (for: procedure)
Hypernyms:
activity
Hyponyms:
Bertillon system, fingerprinting, genetic profiling, genetic fingerprinting, diagnostic procedure,
diagnostic technique, emergency procedure, experimental procedure, calculation, computation, computing,
medical procedure, mapping, chromosome mapping, operating procedure, stiffening, indirection,
rigmarole, rigamarole, routine, modus operandi, condition, experimental condition,
rule, formula
2. (psychology) the performance of some composite cognitive activity;
an operation that affects mental contents (Freq. 3)
- the process of thinking
- the cognitive operation of remembering
Syn:
cognitive process, mental process, operation, cognitive operation
Derivationally related forms:
operate (for: operation)
Topics:
psychology, psychological science
Hypernyms:
cognition, knowledge, noesis
Hyponyms:
basic cognitive process, higher cognitive process
3. a writ issued by authority of law;
usually compels the defendant's attendance in a civil suit;
failure to appear results in a default judgment against the defendant
Syn:
summons
Derivationally related forms:
summons (for: summons)
Topics:
law, jurisprudence
Hypernyms:
writ, judicial writ
Hyponyms:
citation, monition, process of monition, ticket
4. a mental process that you are not directly aware of
- the process of denial
Syn:
unconscious process
Hypernyms:
cognition, knowledge, noesis
Hyponyms:
sleep talking, somniloquy, somniloquism, condensation, defense mechanism,
defense reaction, defence mechanism, defence reaction, defense, defence
5. a sustained phenomenon or one marked by gradual changes through a series of states
- events now in process
- the process of calcification begins later for boys than for girls
Syn:
physical process
Hypernyms:
physical entity
Hyponyms:
phenomenon, chelation, dealignment, decrease, decrement,
degeneration, devolution, development, evolution, economic process, encapsulation,
execution, instruction execution, human process, increase, increment, growth,
industrial process, irreversible process, iteration, looping, loop, natural process,
natural action, action, activity, operation, functioning, performance,
organic process, biological process, photography, processing, reversible process, sensitization,
sensitisation, shaping, defining, variation
6. a natural prolongation or projection from a part of an organism either animal or plant
- a bony process
Syn:
outgrowth, appendage
Hypernyms:
body part
Hyponyms:
horn, crest, pseudopod, pseudopodium, flagellum,
hair, cirrus, spine, aculea, style, villus,
tail, fetlock, tentacle, arista, acromion, acromial process,
ala, alveolar arch, alveolar ridge, gum ridge, alveolar process, acrosome,
caruncle, caruncula, condyle, coronoid process, processus coronoideus, epicondyle,
fimbria, apophysis, spicule, spiculum, osteophyte, papilla,
appendix, vermiform appendix, vermiform process, cecal appendage, mastoid, mastoid process,
mastoid bone, mastoidal, styloid process, pterygoid process, tuberosity, tubercle,
eminence, zygomatic process, trochanter, transverse process, odontoid process, metaphysis,
olecranon, olecranon process, ridge, excrescence, plant process, enation

II - verb
1. subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition (Freq. 2)
- process cheese
- process hair
- treat the water so it can be drunk
- "treat the lawn with chemicals"
- treat an oil spill
Syn:
treat
Derivationally related forms:
treatment (for: treat), processor, processing
Hypernyms:
affect, impact, bear upon, bear on, touch on, touch
Hyponyms:
propagate, iodize, iodise, nitrate, tank,
oxygenate, oxygenize, oxygenise, aerate, mercerize, mercerise,
malt, fluoridate, fluoridize, fluoridise, creosote, chlorinate,
carbonate, camphorate, bromate, brominate, ammoniate, irradiate,
ray, scald, refine, nitrify, nitrogenize, nitrogenise,
reverberate, curry, seed, dose, sulphur, sulfur,
vulcanize, vulcanise, chrome, bituminize, bituminise, Agenize,
Agenise, run, carboxylate, beneficiate, digest, fumigate,
fume, air-condition
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
2. deal with in a routine way (Freq. 1)
- I'll handle that one
- process a loan
- process the applicants
Derivationally related forms:
processing
Hypernyms:
manage, deal, care, handle
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
3. perform mathematical and logical operations on (data) according to programmed instructions in order to obtain the required information (Freq. 1)
- The results of the elections were still being processed when he gave his acceptance speech
Derivationally related forms:
processor
Hypernyms:
calculate, cipher, cypher, compute, work out,
reckon, figure
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
4. institute legal proceedings against;
file a suit against
- He was warned that the district attorney would process him
- She actioned the company for discrimination
Syn:
action, sue, litigate
Derivationally related forms:
litigation (for: litigate), suit (for: sue), suer (for: sue), actionable (for: action), action (for: action)
Hypernyms:
challenge
Hyponyms:
expedite
Verb Group:
litigate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s (for: sue)
5. march in a procession
- They processed into the dining room
Syn:
march
Derivationally related forms:
march (for: march), marching (for: march)
Hypernyms:
walk
Hyponyms:
file, parade, troop, promenade, goose step,
countermarch, debouch, march out
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
- The children process to the playground
6. shape, form, or improve a material
- work stone into tools
- process iron
- work the metal
Syn:
work, work on
Derivationally related forms:
workable (for: work)
Hypernyms:
transform, transmute, transubstantiate
Hyponyms:
hot-work, coldwork, cold work, overwork, rework,
make over, retread, rack, tool, till
Verb Group:
shape, form, work, mold, mould, forge
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
7. deliver a warrant or summons to someone
- He was processed by the sheriff
Syn:
serve, swear out
Hypernyms:
deliver
Hyponyms:
subpoena, wash, rinse
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody with something

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