Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary|
1 giving help
2 ways of helping people
3 needing help
1 giving help
- to do sth for sb in order to make their work or their life easier: help (sb) (do sth/to do sth), (informal) give*/lend* sb a hand (with sth), (formal) assist (sb) (in/with sth); nouns (U): help, assistance
Can I help? ◎ I helped her off the train/across the road/out of the car. ◎ Can you give me a hand with my homework? ◎ The man is assisting the police with their enquiries. ◎ Do you need any help? ◎ The policeman thanked him for his assistance.
- giving help: helpful, useful, a help (to sb)
helpful information ◎ useful advice ◎ You've been a great help.
- not giving much help: unhelpful, not much help, not a lot of help
an unhelpful suggestion ◎ The map you gave me wasn't much help - I got lost three times.
- not giving any help at all: useless
A blunt knife is useless. ◎ useless advice
- something that helps sb or is useful to sb does* them good
Please take this medicine; it'll do you good. ◎ It'll do you good to get out into the country for a bit.
- if you do sth or give sth to sb to help them, you do it for their good
I know you don't want to go into hospital, but it's for your own good. ◎ The Prime Minister said he resigned for the good of the country.
- a person who helps: helper
We need some extra helpers if we're going to get all these sandwiches made in time for lunch!
- a person who helps people in their job: assistant; adjective (only before a noun): assistant
Let me introduce my assistant, David. ◎ an assistant manager
- a person who is willing to help is helpful, cooperative; opposites: unhelpful, uncooperative
The staff are very helpful. ◎ The police were completely unhelpful. ◎ His secretary was uncooperative, and she refused to let me see him.
- a person who thinks about what sb needs or wants is thoughtful; opposite: thoughtless
I'm sorry. It was very thoughtless of me.
- if you say or show that you will help sb/sth, you offer sth/to do sth; noun: offer
to offer assistance ◎ Nigel offered to give me a lift to the station. ◎ Helen accepted his offer of help.
- to make a special effort to help sb: go* out of your way (to do sth), (informal) bend* over backwards (to do sth)
The hotel staff bent over backwards to make our stay as comfortable as possible.
- to do sth for sb, even though it causes you a lot of work or trouble: take* the trouble to do sth
She took the trouble to write letters to everyone to thank them.
- to do sth helpful for sb: do* sth for sb, do* sb a favour, do* sb a good turn
John, can you do me a favour? I need to borrow some money.
- if you do sth to help sb, you do it for sb's sake
We moved to the country for my son's sake.
- when you give sth to sb who has helped you, you repay* sb (for sth)
How can we ever repay you for your kindness?
2 ways of helping people
※ helping sb to do sth
- to work with sb else to do sth: cooperate with sb, collaborate with sb; nouns (U): cooperation, collaboration
Couldn't we cooperate on this project to save time and money? ◎ to work in collaboration with sb
- to help sb to know the right way to do sth: show sb sth
Can you show me how to wire this plug?
- to show sb the way to a place: lead* sb, guide sb, lead* the way
She led them through a maze of narrow streets. ◎ He guided us to our seats. ◎ Sam led the way and the rest of us followed.
- to explain to sb how to get to a place: direct sb, give* sb directions
Could you direct me to the bus station, please?
- to tell sb what you think they should do: advise sb (to do sth); noun (U): advice
Her doctor advised her to give up smoking. ◎ legal advice
※ helping sb when they are poor, ill, weak, etc
- to give sb help, money, friendship, etc when they need it: support sb; noun (U): support; giving sb support: supportive
I'll always be there to support you. ◎ I don't know what I would have done if you hadn't been there to give me support.
- to give sb hope and support to do sth: encourage sb (to do sth); noun (C/U): encouragement
He gave me encouragement to apply for the job.
- to help sb who is in a difficult position: help (sb) out
※ more on support and encouragement SUPPORT, ENCOURAGE
- to help and watch over sb who is ill or weak: take* care of sb, look after sb
John's being taken good care of in hospital. ◎ Kevin had to look after the children while his wife was in hospital.
- to try to make sb feel less sad or less worried about sth: comfort sb; a person or a thing that comforts: comfort
Her father was always there to comfort her. ◎ The good news was a great comfort to him.
- an organization that sends money, food, clothes, etc to a country or people to help them: charity
- money, food, etc that is sent to a country or people in order to help them: aid (noun U), relief (noun U)
medical aid ◎ disaster relief for the flood victims
※ helping sb when they are in danger DANGEROUS
- helping to make sb/sth safe SAFE
3 needing help
- to ask sb to help you: ask sb for help, ask sb a favour, ask a favour of sb
Can I ask you a favour?
- to go to sb to ask them for help, advice, etc: go* to sb (for sth), turn to sb (for sth)
Frank went to the police for help. ◎ She had nobody to turn to when her husband left her.
- if you are in a very bad situation and need help from sb else, you are helpless; noun (U): helplessness
We were helpless against the enemy attack. ◎ a helpless baby
- if you need sb/sth to support or help you, you depend on sb/sth, you are dependent (on sb/sth); noun (U): dependence (on sb/sth)
He's blind and completely dependent on his dog to guide him round town.
- if you are not supported very well, you are insecure; noun (U): insecurity
The future of the company looks very insecure. ◎ feelings of insecurity
※ not needing help
- if you can do things yourself and do not want or need help, you are independent, self-reliant; nouns (U): independence, self-reliance
Mary wanted to be independent, so she left home and went to live in London.
- to take care of yourself without help: stand* on your own (two) feet
You're always asking for money from your parents: it's about time you learned to stand on your own two feet!
- if you do sth without any other person to help you, you do it on your own, (all) by yourself
She decorated the house on her own. ◎ My nephew painted this picture all by himself.
- if you decide to do sth without help from another person, you (informal) go* it alone
After all his friends refused to help him, Hanif decided to go it alone.
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