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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
crime




1 crime
2 different kinds of crime
3 preventing crime and catching criminals
4 trial and punishment
see also
LAW

1 crime
- behaviour which is against the law: crime (noun U); adjective: criminal
Is crime on the increase? serious crime to fight crime crime prevention criminal behaviour
- a criminal act: crime, (formal) offence (AmE offense)
- to do sth which is against the law: break* the law, commit sth
I didn't realize that I was breaking the law. to commit a crime to commit murder
- a sudden increase in crime: crime wave
- a person who has committed a crime: criminal, (formal) offender
- an organized group of criminals: gang; a member of a gang: gangster
- a person who helps sb to commit a crime: accomplice
- a person who is harmed by a crime: victim
a victim of crime

2 different kinds of crime
- to take sth that belongs to sb else secretly and without permission: steal* (sth) (from sb/sth); noun (C/U): theft
The safe was open but nothing had been stolen. car theft
- a person who steals: thief (plural thieves)
※ more on stealing STEAL
- to kill sb on purpose: murder sb, take* sb's life; noun (c/u): murder
She was murdered by her gardener. an unsolved murder
- a man/woman who commits a murder: murderer/murderess
※ more on killing KILL
- to make a sudden attack on sb: assault sb; noun (C/U): assault
to be assaulted in the street assaults on the police
- to catch sb and keep them prisoner to get money, agreement to political demands, etc: kidnap sb, take* sb hostage
- a person who is caught in this way: hostage
The terrorists released three hostages after the government agreed to their demands.
- a person who kidnaps sb: kidnapper
- to force sb to have sex: rape sb; noun (C/U): rape; a person who commits rape: rapist
- the crime of setting fire to a building on purpose: arson (noun U); a person who commits arson: arsonist
- the use of violent action (for example, bombing or shooting) for political reasons: terrorism (noun U); a person who takes part in terrorism: terrorist
- a person who sells illegal drugs: drug dealer, (informal) (drug) pusher; selling illegal drugs: drug dealing (noun U)
- to take things into or out of a country illegally: smuggle sth; noun (U): smuggling; a person who smuggles: smuggler
※ the illegal use of drugs DRUGS
- the crime of deceiving sb to get money: fraud (noun C/U)
- to make a copy of sth to deceive people: forge sth; noun (C/U): forgery
to forge sb's signature a forged ten-pound note The painting is an obvious forgery.
- to force sb to give you money, etc to stop you telling a secret about them to other people: blackmail sb; noun (U): blackmail; a person who commits blackmail: blackmailer
- to say sth that is untrue about sb so that other people will have a bad opinion of them: slander sb; noun (U/C): slander; a person who commits slander: slanderer
- to write sth that is untrue about sb so that other people will have a bad opinion of them: libel sb; noun (U/C): libel

3 preventing crime and catching criminals
- the official organization whose job is to make sure that people obey the law and to prevent and solve crime: the police (noun plural)
The police were out in force to control the crowds.
- a member of the police: police officer, policeman, policewoman, (informal) cop
※ more on the police POLICE
- a person who protects a building against robbers, etc: security guard; a security guard who works at night: nightwatchman
- a person (especially a police officer) who tries to find out about a crime, etc: detective
- a detective who is not a policeman: private detective, (informal) private eye
- to try to find out all the facts about sth: investigate sth; noun (C/U): investigation
Detectives are investigating the murder. The police have completed their investigations.
- to believe that sb committed a crime: suspect sb (of sth/doing sth); adjective: suspicious
Do you suspect me of the murder? His strange behaviour made the police suspicious.
- if the police believe that sb has done sth wrong, that person is under suspicion (of sth)
- if sth makes you feel that sb has done sth wrong, it is suspicious (adverb suspiciously)
He is under suspicion of murder. a suspicious-looking person to behave suspiciously
- a person who the police think has committed a crime: suspect
- something that makes you believe sth: evidence (noun U)
There was no evidence that Tony had stolen the television.
- a person who has seen a crime, etc and can tell others about it later: witness
- a mark made by the skin of your finger that is used for identifying you: fingerprint
- to give information to the police about sb who has done sth wrong: inform against/on sb
- a person who gives the police, etc information about sth that sb has done: informer
- (used about the police) to take sb prisoner in order to ask them about a crime: arrest sb; noun (C/U): arrest
A woman has been arrested in connection with the stolen handbag. The police have made ten arrests. You're under arrest!
- to go to the police when they are trying to catch you: give* yourself up (to sb)
We told him he should give himself up.
- while doing sth wrong: in the act (of doing sth)
He was in the act of stealing a car when I spotted him.
- to find sb just as they are doing sth wrong: catch* sb red-handed
A policeman noticed the ladder against the wall and caught the burglars red-handed.
- to ask sb questions about sth, to find out about a crime: interrogate sb; noun (C/U): interrogation
I was interrogated by two police officers. The interrogation lasted for five hours.
- a person who asks sb questions in order to get information: interrogator
- to say that sb has broken the law or done sth wrong: accuse sb (of sth/doing sth); noun: accusation
He accused me of stealing apples from his orchard. to make a false accusation
- to accuse sb officially of committing a crime: charge sb (with sth); noun: charge
He was charged with kidnapping the child. The police brought a charge of murder against him.
- something you say or write formally: statement
We'd like you to come to the police station and make a statement.
- to say that you have done sth bad or illegal: confess (to sth), confess (sth) (to sb); noun: confession

4 trial and punishment
- a process in which people decide if sb has broken a law: trial (noun U/C)
to put somebody on trial a murder trial
- the person (in a trial) who is said to have broken a law: the accused (plural the accused)
- (in a trial) to decide that sb has broken a law: find* sb guilty (of sth), convict sb (of sth)
- to tell sb who has been found guilty of a crime what their punishment will be: sentence sb (to sth)
The judge sentenced her to prison for two years.
- the punishment given: sentence
a four-year prison sentence
※ more on trials TRIAL
- punishment PUNISH
※—† MORE ...
- when criminals stop committing crimes, they (informal) go* straight
- a statement which says that sb was in a particular place at the time of a crime, so they could not have done it: alibi
John had a good alibi for the night of the murder.
- a crime story where sb tries to find out who the criminal is: detective story
- a book, film, play, etc with a very exciting story, often about a crime: thriller

▼ Từ liên quan / Related words
Related search result for "crime"

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