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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
active



I - noun
1. chemical agent capable of activity (Freq. 16)
Syn:
active agent
Hypernyms:
chemical agent
2. the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb
- 'The boy threw the ball' uses the active voice
Syn:
active voice
Ant:
passive voice (for: active voice)
Hypernyms:
voice
3. a person who is a participating member of an organization
- the club issues a list of members, both the actives and the retirees
Hypernyms:
person, individual, someone, somebody, mortal, soul

II - adjective
1. tending to become more severe or wider in scope (Freq. 9)
- active tuberculosis
Ant:
inactive
Similar to:
progressive
Derivationally related forms:
activeness, activity
Topics:
pathology
2. engaged in or ready for military or naval operations (Freq. 7)
- on active duty
- the platoon is combat-ready
- review the fighting forces
Syn:
combat-ready, fighting
Similar to:
operational
Derivationally related forms:
activeness, activity
Topics:
military, armed forces, armed services, military machine, war machine
3. disposed to take action or effectuate change (Freq. 5)
- a director who takes an active interest in corporate operations
- an active antagonism
- he was active in drawing attention to their grievances
Ant:
passive
Similar to:
activist, activistic, hands-on, proactive
Derivationally related forms:
activeness, activity
Attrubites:
activeness, activity
4. taking part in an activity (Freq. 4)
- an active member of the club
- he was politically active
- the participating organizations
Syn:
participating
Similar to:
involved
Derivationally related forms:
activeness, activity
5. characterized by energetic activity (Freq. 3)
- an active toddler
- active as a gazelle
- an active man is a man of action
Ant:
inactive
Similar to:
about, astir, acrobatic, athletic, gymnastic,
agile, nimble, quick, spry, hot, hyperactive,
overactive, on the go, sporty
See Also:
energetic, lively
Derivationally related forms:
activeness, activity
Attrubites:
activeness, activity
6. exerting influence or producing a change or effect (Freq. 2)
- an active ingredient
Ant:
inactive
Similar to:
activated, counteractive, surface-active
Derivationally related forms:
activeness, activity
7. full of activity or engaged in continuous activity (Freq. 2)
- an active seaport
- an active bond market
- an active account
Ant:
inactive
Similar to:
brisk, bustling, busy, going, open, springy
Derivationally related forms:
activeness, activity
8. in operation (Freq. 1)
- keep hope alive
- the tradition was still alive
- an active tradition
Syn:
alive
Similar to:
existent, existing
Derivationally related forms:
aliveness (for: alive), activeness, activity
9. (of the sun) characterized by an increased occurrence of sunspots and flares and radio emissions
Ant:
quiet
Derivationally related forms:
activeness, activity
Topics:
astronomy, uranology
10. expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor: "Hemingway favors active constructions"
Ant:
passive
Topics:
grammar
11. (used of verbs (e.g. 'to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. 'running' in 'running water')) expressing action rather than a state of being
Syn:
dynamic
Ant:
stative
Topics:
grammar
12. (of e.g. volcanos) capable of erupting
Ant:
extinct
Similar to:
alive, live
See Also:
live
13. (of e.g. volcanos) erupting or liable to erupt
- active volcanos
Ant:
dormant
Similar to:
eruptive
Derivationally related forms:
activeness, activity
Topics:
vent, volcano
Attrubites:
action, activity, activeness
14. engaged in full-time work
- active duty
- though past retirement age he is still active in his profession
Ant:
inactive
Similar to:
activated
Derivationally related forms:
activeness, activity

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