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Từ điển Việt Anh Việt 4in1 - English Vietnamese 4 in 1 Dictionary

hardly S2 W2 /ˈhɑːdli $ ˈhɑːrdli/ BrE AmE adverb
[Word Family: noun: ↑hardship, ↑hardness, ↑hardiness; adjective: ↑hard, ↑hardened, ↑hardy; adverb: ↑hard, ↑hardly; verb: ↑harden]
1. almost not:
My parents divorced when I was six, and I hardly knew my father.
The children were so excited they could hardly speak.
I can hardly believe it.
Hardly anyone (=almost no one) writes to me these days.
Dad ate hardly anything (=almost nothing).
There was hardly any (=very little) traffic.
She lives in Spain, so we hardly ever (=almost never) see her.
hardly a day/week/month etc goes by without/when (=used to say that something happens almost every day, week etc)
Hardly a month goes by without another factory closing down.
2. used to mean ‘not’, when you are suggesting that the person you are speaking to will agree with you:
It’s hardly surprising that she won’t answer his calls after the way he’s treated her.
You can hardly blame Tom for not waiting.
My boss could hardly be described as handsome.
hardly the time/place/person etc (=a very unsuitable time, place, person etc)
This is hardly the place to discuss the matter.
3. used to say that something has only just happened:
The building work has hardly begun.
hardly ... when/before
She had hardly sat down when the phone rang.
• • •
hardly, scarcely
Scarcely is more formal and literary than hardly.
These adverbs come before the verb, unless the verb is a simple tense of ‘be’, or after the first auxiliary:
He was so ill he could hardly speak (NOT he hardly could speak).

Do not use hardly or scarcely with a negative word:
I can hardly believe (NOT can’t hardly believe) he said that.
There’s hardly any milk left (NOT There’s hardly no milk left).
When talking about one event being followed closely by another, we usually use hardly or scarcely after ‘had’:
I had hardly got in the house when the phone rang. In literary writing, it is possible to put hardly or scarcely first, followed by ‘had’ and the subject:
Hardly had I got in the house when the phone rang.

Do not use hardly as the adverb of hard. The adverb of hard is hard:
Students have to study very hard (NOT very hardly).
I tried hard to remember.

phó từ
khắc nghiệt, nghiêm khắc, tàn tệ, cứng rắn
to be hardly treated
bị đối xử khắc nghiệt
(dùng để gợi ý rằng cái gì là khó có thể xảy ra, không chắc có thực hoặc vô lý)
they can hardly understand this leading article
phải khó khăn lắm họ mới hiểu được bài xã luận này
you can hardly expect me to lend you money again
anh khó lòng hy vọng tôi cho anh mượn tiền nữa
I'm so tired I can hardly stay awake
tôi mệt đến nỗi khó mà tỉnh dậy được
she sang so quietly that I could hardly hear her
cô ta hát khẽ đến nỗi tôi khó mà nghe được (gần (như) không nghe được)
vừa mới, chỉ vừa mới
I hardly know her
tôi chỉ vừa mới biết cô ta thôi
he had hardly finished relating the story when everyone burst out laughing; hardly had he finished relating the story when everyone burst out laughing
anh ta vừa mới kể xong câu chuyện thì mọi người cười phá lên
hầu như không
hardly a day passes but...
hầu như không có ngày nào mà không...
he hardly ever goes to bed before midnight
hầu như không bao giờ nó đi ngủ trước nửa đêm
he ate hardly anything
hầu như anh ta không ăn gì cả
there's hardly any space to sit
hầu như không có chỗ nào để mà ngồi
there's hardly any coal left
hầu như không còn tí than nào
hardly anybody came
hầu như chẳng ai đến
I need hardly say that I was very upset
tôi hầu như không cần phải nói là tôi rất bối rối lo ngại

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