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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
cry



cry [cry cries cried crying] verb, noun BrE [kraɪ] NAmE [kraɪ]
verb (cries, cry·ing, cried, cried)
1. intransitive, transitive to produce tears from your eyes because you are unhappy or hurt
It's all right. Don't cry.
I just couldn't stop crying.
The little boy fell over and started to cry.
~ for sb/sth The baby was crying for (= because it wanted) its mother.
~ about/over sth There's nothing to cry about.
~ with sth He felt like crying with rage.
+ speech ‘Waaa!’ she cried.
I found him crying his eyes out (= crying very much).
That night she cried herself to sleep.
2. intransitive, transitive to shout loudly
~ for sth She ran to the window and cried for help.
+ speech ‘You're safe!’ Tom cried in delight.
3. intransitive (of a bird or an animal)to make a loud unpleasant noise
Seagulls followed the boat, crying loudly.
more at laugh till/until you crynot know whether to laugh or cry at laugh v., a shoulder to cry on at shoulder n.
Verb forms:

Word Origin:
Middle English (in the sense ‘ask for earnestly or loudly’): from Old French crier (verb), cri (noun), from Latin quiritare ‘raise a public outcry’, literally ‘call on the Quirites (Roman citizens) for help’.

Thesaurus:
cry verb
1. I
The child fell over and started to cry.
be in tears • • sob • • whimper • • whine • |formal literary weep • |disapproving snivel
cry/be in tears/whimper/whine/snivel about sth
cry/sob/whimper/weep with an emotion
cry/sob/weep a little/silently/bitterly/loudly/uncontrollably/hysterically
Cry or be in tears? Be in tears is slightly more formal than cry, and is often used to talk about adults crying.
2. I, T (written)
She ran to the window and cried for help.
shout • • yell • • scream • • cry out • • call • • wail • • shriek • • howl
cry/shout/yell/cry out/call to sb
cry/shout/yell/scream/call for help
shout/yell/scream/cry out/call/wail/shriek/howl in pain/anguish/rage, etc.

Synonyms:
call
cry out • exclaim • blurt • burst out
These words all mean to shout or say sth loudly or suddenly.
call • to shout or say sth loudly to attract sb's attention: I thought I heard someone calling.
cry out (sth) • to shout sth loudly, especially when you need help or are in trouble: She cried out for help. I cried out his name.
exclaim • to say sth suddenly and loudly, especially because of a strong emotion: ‘It isn't fair!’ he exclaimed angrily.
blurt • to say sth suddenly and without thinking carefully enough: He blurted out the answer without thinking.
burst out • to say sth suddenly and loudly, especially with a lot of emotion: ‘He's a bully!’ the little boy burst out.
to call/cry out/exclaim/blurt out (sth) to sb
to call/cry out for sth
to cry out/exclaim/blurt out/burst out in/with sth
to call/cry out/exclaim/blurt out/burst out suddenly
to call/cry out/exclaim/burst out loudly

Synonyms:
shout
yell • cry • scream • cheer • bellow • raise your voice
These words all mean to say sth in a very loud voice.
shout • to say sth in a loud voice; to speak loudly and often angrily to sb: Stop shouting and listen! ‘Run!’ he shouted.
yell • to shout loudly, for example because you are angry, excited, frightened or in pain: She yelled at the boy to get down from the wall.
cry • (rather formal or literary) to shout loudly: She ran over to the window and cried for help.
scream • to shout sth in a loud high voice because you are afraid, angry or excited: He screamed at me to stop.
cheer • (especially of a crowd of people) to shout loudly to show support or praise for sb, or to give them encouragement: We all cheered as the team came onto the field.
bellow • to shout in a loud deep voice, especially because you are angry: ‘Quiet!’ the teacher bellowed.
raise your voice • to speak loudly to sb, especially because you are angry: She never once raised her voice to us.
to shout/yell/cry/raise your voice to sb
to shout/yell/scream/bellow at sb
to shout/yell/cry out/scream/bellow in pain/anguish/rage, etc.
to shout/cry out/scream for joy/excitement/delight, etc.
to shout/yell/cry out/scream with excitement/triumph, etc.
to shout/yell/scream/bellow at sb to do sth
to shout/yell/scream abuse
to shout/yell/cry/scream for help

Vocabulary Building:
Cry
To cry is the most general word for producing tears when you are unhappy or hurt, or when you are extremely happy.
To sob means to cry noisily, taking sudden, sharp breaths.
To wail means to cry in a loud high voice.
To whimper means to cry making low, weak noises.
To weep (literary or formal) means to cry quietly for a long time.
All these verbs can be used like ‘say’: ‘I don’t want you to go,’ she cried/wailed/sobbed.
To be in tears means to be crying.
To burst into tears means to suddenly begin to cry.
To cry your eyes out means to cry a lot or for a long time, because you are very sad.

Example Bank:
‘Never!’ he cried angrily.
‘What do you mean?’ she cried in agitation.
‘Who's there?’ she cried in a shrill voice.
Anna was almost crying with frustration.
Finally he broke down and cried like a baby.
He put his head on his arms and cried bitterly.
He was a fatherly shoulder to cry on when things went wrong.
I felt like I wanted to cry.
I felt like crying when I found out what had happened.
I heard her cry out in her sleep.
I wasn't going to waste time crying over him!
She cried for help as the fire spread.
She wanted to cry out to him not to be so stupid.
What are you crying about?
a child crying for his mother
children who are left to cry alone
‘You're safe!’ Tom cried with delight.
A pair of eagles cried out to each other as they circled above the trees.
He bit his lip, trying not to cry out in pain.
I found him crying his eyes out.
I just couldn't stop crying.
It's all right. Don't cry.
She ran over to the window and cried for help.
That night she cried herself to sleep.
The baby was crying for its mother.
There's nothing to cry about.
We heard someone cry out in the darkness.
Idioms:cry foul cry over spilt milk cry wolf for crying out loud in full cry
Derived:cry off cry out cry out for something cry out out something
 
noun (pl. cries)
1. countable a loud sound without words that expresses a strong feeling
to give a cry of anguish/despair/relief/surprise/terror, etc.
2. countable a loud shout
With a cry of ‘Stop thief!’ he ran after the boy.
Her answer was greeted with cries of outrage.
3. countable the sound made by a bird or an animal
the cry of gulls circling overhead
4. singular an action or a period of crying
I felt a lot better after a good long cry.
5. countable ~ (for sth) an urgent demand or request for sth
Her suicide attempt was really a cry for help.
6. countable (especially in compounds)a word or phrase that expresses a group's beliefs and calls people to action
a battle cry
His speech attacking the government has proved a rallying cry for party dissidents.
more at a far cry from sth/doing sth at far adj., hue and cry at hue

Word Origin:
Middle English (in the sense ‘ask for earnestly or loudly’): from Old French crier (verb), cri (noun), from Latin quiritare ‘raise a public outcry’, literally ‘call on the Quirites (Roman citizens) for help’.

Example Bank:
An involuntary cry escaped her as he entered the room.
He fell to the ground with a cry.
He tried to yell out, but the hand muffled his cries.
He was too weak to raise even the smallest of cries.
Her suicide attempt was really a desperate cry for help.
She gave an agonized cry as they lifted the fallen branch from her leg.
She stifled a small cry.
You'll feel better when you've had a good cry.
a cry of despair/delight
a plaintive cry for help
the hoarse cry of a crow
He gave a loud cry of despair.
The eagle gave a cry as it circled overhead.

 
See also:cry over spilled milk

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