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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
bruise



I - noun
an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration (Freq. 1)
Syn:
contusion
Hypernyms:
injury, hurt, harm, trauma
Hyponyms:
ecchymosis, petechia, shiner, black eye, mouse

II - verb
1. injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of (Freq. 2)
- I bruised my knee
Syn:
contuse
Derivationally related forms:
contusion (for: contuse), bruiser
Hypernyms:
injure, wound
Hyponyms:
jam, crush
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Did he bruise his foot?
2. hurt the feelings of
- She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests
- This remark really bruised my ego
Syn:
hurt, wound, injure, offend, spite
Derivationally related forms:
spite (for: spite), offensive (for: offend), offence (for: offend), offense (for: offend)
Hypernyms:
arouse, elicit, enkindle, kindle, evoke,
fire, raise, provoke
Hyponyms:
diss, insult, affront, lacerate, sting,
humiliate, mortify, chagrin, humble, abase
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
3. break up into small pieces for food preparation
- bruise the berries with a wooden spoon and strain them
Topics:
cooking, cookery, preparation
Hypernyms:
crush
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
4. damage (plant tissue) by abrasion or pressure
- The customer bruised the strawberries by squeezing them
Topics:
plant, flora, plant life
Hypernyms:
damage
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something

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